The culm of the bamboo is covered by its hard epidermis and inner wax layer. It
also lacks ray cells as radial pathways. Several results have revealed that bamboo is
difficult to treat with preservatives [Liese 1998; Lee 2001]. An oil-bath treatment can
successfully protect against fungal attack, but severe losses in strength have to be
expected [Leithoff and Peek 2001].
Since the amount of each chemical composition of bamboo varies with age,
height, and layer, the chemical compositions of bamboo are correlated with its physical
and mechanical properties.
Effective prediction of transport of chemical pollutants through a subsurface groundwater
system and associated assessments of risk requires a valid “conceptual model” of the
contaminant migration scenario. The classical contaminant conceptual model is one of a near-
surface “leachable source zone” where chemical contaminant is leached, i.e.
dissolved/solubilised, into water infiltrating through the source (Figure 4.2).
Another broad-based farm organization, the National Farmers Union (NFU), contends that crop
insurance remains inadequate for those with multi-year disasters, and that crop quality loss
discounts applied in insurance contracts do not reflect realities of the marketplace. The
organization also wants insurance companies to offer coverage in all areas and not “cherry pick”
regions that are most profitable, a concern that USDA attempted to address in the Standard
Reinsurance Agreement signed in 2010.
PBgC reviews the plan assets and plan funding for those plans that received financial
assistance in the past but are neither currently receiving financial assistance nor repay-
ing past financial assistance.
In sub-Saharan Africa, as high as 2/3 of tuberculosis patients are HIV/AIDS co-infected and
tuberculosis is the most common cause of death among HIV/AIDS patients worldwide. Tuberculosis and HIV
co-infections are associated with special diagnostic and therapeutic challenges and constitute an immense burden
on healthcare systems of heavily infected countries like Ethiopia. The aim of the study was to determine the
prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis and their immunologic profiles among HIV positive patients.
The UN General Assembly Cloning debate evolved from
calls for a Convention to the formulation of a Declaration,
as a way to bridge the division over the international
governance issues. The United Nations Declaration on
Human Cloning (A/RES/59/280) was thus adopted on
8th of March, 2005. The Declaration was passed with 84
countries supporting it, 34 against, while 37 abstained.
Comparisons are made between the reasoning of
countries for and against the Declaration. Research
efforts on reproductive as well as therapeutic cloning
continue to be governed by national law and policy.
Standard security hardening procedures should be applied to the guest OS, including disabling unnecessary
network services, removing unnecessary packages, restricting remote root access, and enforcing strong
password policies. Use if possible a centralized authentication service such as Kerberos. Consider installation of
monitoring and intrusion detection tools.
It is possible to install additional applications and provision additional users on the cell OS instance, but it is
recommended that you do not do this—widening access to the cell OS may decrease security. ...
The various trading and emissions schemes around the world can offer significant
benefits of capital allocation for this scarce resource. For the first time carbon
will become a real input cost for many businesses and managing the risks and
opportunities of that input will become an important business priority. Accounting for
carbon emissions will take many companies into entirely new territory for which
no specific accounting standard currently exists.
This paper statistically examines the relationship between the quality of drinking
water and urbanization, with a focus on cities in China. After controlling the effects of
government efforts and socio-economic environments, the regression analysis shows
that both population size and population growth have significantly negative impacts
on water quality. This suggests that wastewater treatment systems in urban cities in
China do not have the capacity to accommodate for both the population size and the
■ A special rule applies if the acknowledgment indicates
that the donated vehicle sold for $500 or less. In this
case, you may claim a deduction for the lesser of the vehi
cle’s fair market value on the date of the contribution, or
$500, provided you get a written acknowledgment from
the charity that complies with the requirements described
under Written Acknowledgment For a Vehicle
Contribution Deduction of $500 or Less.
Listener and Database Server Connection Limits
To prevent unauthorized clients from attempting denial-of-service attacks on the
listener or database server, you can configure limits that constrain the time in which
resources can be held prior to authentication. Client attempts to exceed the configured
limits will result in connection terminations and an audit trail containing the IP
address of the client being logged.
While critics call for targeting more experienced managers as MBA candidates, it is
interesting to note that certain types of MBA programs tend to attract these types of students.
For example executive MBA students tend to be experienced managers with a good sense of
„real world‟ needs (Lorange, 2005). Yet much of the research we describe below has focused
on more traditional MBA programs or on the perceptions of more experienced MBA students
in executive MBA programs outside North America.
This document sets out a new framework for local TV in the UK. Chapter One outlines
the background to the local TV project and the stages through which the framework has
developed. Chapter Two explains the purpose and effect of the proposed statutory
instruments the Government intends to lay. It also explains the rationale behind the
proposed approach and how the framework has evolved following the Shott review last
year and in consideration of the responses to the local media action plan earlier this
About $4 trillion is currently invested in U.S. domestic equity mutual funds, making
them a fundamental part of the average U.S. investor’s overall portfolio. Since about 90%
of these funds are actively managed, researchers have devoted extensive efforts in studying
their performance and have found that, on average, active management underperforms
passive benchmarks. For example, Wermers (2000) ﬁnds that the average U.S. domestic
equity fund underperforms its overall market, size, book-to-market, and momentum
benchmarks by 1.2%/year over the 1975–1994 period.
The panel concluded that treatment of children aged 5 to15 years with hydroxyurea does not
cause a growth delay. They felt there were insufficient data to allow them to evaluate the effects
of hydroxyurea on pubertal development. The panel found no data regarding the effects on
subsequent generations after exposure of germ cells to hydroxyurea, including exposure during
fetal life, infancy, childhood, and adolescence.
In practice, a number of other factors are often critical in determining how a parent bank would respond to the
realization of such risks independent of the chosen legal form of incorporation. Where the parent’s exposures to
the affiliate (either through non-equity funding or revenues) render the host country operations of systemic importance
to the health of the parent, extension of capital and liquidity support is equally common to branches and subsidiaries,
as not doing so could compromise the survival of the group.
tional mean–variance framework’s concentration on diversifying financial assets is
a reasonable goal for many institutional investors, but it is not a realistic framework
for individual investors who are working and saving for retirement. In fact, this
factor is one of the main observations made by Markowitz (1990). From a broad
perspective, an investor’s total wealth consists of two parts. One is readily tradable
financial assets; the other is human capital.
Human capital is defined as the present value of an investor’s future labor
Some 12% of Americans ages 16 and older who read e-books say they have borrowed an e-book from a library in the past year.
Most e-book borrowers say libraries are very important to them and their families and they are heavy readers in all formats, including books they bought and books lent to them. E-book borrowers say they read an average (the mean number) of 29 books in the past year, compared with 23 books for readers who do not borrow e-books from a library. Perhaps more striking, the median (midpoint) figures for books reportedly read are 20 in the past...
Significantly, it could be argued that beauty always maintains an underlying
sense of disability and that increasing this sense over time may actually renew
works of art that risk to fall out of fashion because of changing standards of taste.
It is often the presence of disability that allows the beauty of an art work to
endure over time. Would the Venus de Milo still be considered one of the great
examples of both aesthetic and human beauty if she still had both her arms?
Perhaps it is an exaggeration to consider the Venus disabled, but René Magritte...