Evidence grows daily of the rapid changes in climate due to human activities and
their impact on plants and animals. Plant function is inextricably linked to climate
and atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration. On the shortest and smallest scales
the climate affects the plant’s immediate environment and thus directly inﬂuences
physiological processes. On longer and larger time and space scales climate inﬂu-
ences species distribution and community composition and determines what crops
can be viably produced in managed agricultural, horticultural and forestry ecosys-
For the past 14 years, Professor Ann Harding has spearheaded the devel-
opment of highly sophisticated microsimulation models and databases
within Australia, so that policy makers can gain much better information
about the likely distributional impact of current and proposed policies. She
leads the University of Canberra’s National Centre for Social and Economic
Modelling, established in January 1993, and is a professor of Applied Eco-
nomics and Social Policy at the University.
For the philosopher of history, G.W.F. Hegel, the fundamental challenge for any
student of societal evolution is to apprehend in thought the spirit of the age (or the
zeitgeist)—i.e., to understand the motive force of change while it is still at work
(Lauer, 1974). Catching the zeitgeist ‘in the act,’ so to speak, is a matter of practical
importance; for gaining such an understanding would seem to be a necessary,
if not sufficient, condition for successfully shaping ‘for the better’ any future state
of affairs. Hegel does not give us much cause for optimism here.
The Army cannot effectively project power if it cannot get to where it needs to go to confront future adversaries. The authors of this report developed scenarios and conducted political-military games to determine what strategies, tactics, and capabilities potential adversaries might use to prevent or complicate U.S. access to
Project: Support to development of the National Strategy on Environmentally Sustainable Transport Implemented by: Institute of Strategy, Policy on Natural Resources and Environment (ISOPNRE), MONRE and Department of Environment (DOE), Ministry of Transport (MOT) Support: United Nations Centre for Regional Development (UNCRD) Started in 2006 Now: the final (4th) Draft of the Strategy The EST’s objectives and targets were intergrated
Interest rate hedges include a variety of different products sold to customers to help protect them
against interest rate risk. In principle, interest rate hedging products can meet customers’ needs,
as they provide greater certainty over future loan repayments. However, these products can also
be very complex and, therefore, susceptible to mis-selling.
Our review has found serious failings in the sale of interest rate hedging products to small and
medium sized businesses (SMEs). We have evidence which raises concerns about the sales we have
reviewed in certain banks.
The security environment in the Middle East has become increasingly complicated during the past decade. This report identifies several important trends that are shaping regional security and identifies their implications for the United States. Many traditional security concerns, such as energy security and the proliferation of weapons
East and Southern Europe), India, parts of South America, Southwest U.S./northern Mexico and
Australia. The operating characteristics of STPPs are relatively well matched with the
intermediate and peak electricity load requirements in these regions.
Two types of collectors have been used in STPPs: parabolic trough and central receiver.
Electricity is generated by incorporating the solar collectors with a Rankine cycle power plant or
as an add-on to a natural gas combined cycle (referred to as an ISCCS).
Abstract Aquaculture is one of the fastest developing growth sectors in the world and Asia presently contributes about 90% to the global production. However, disease outbreaks are constraint to aquaculture production thereby affects both economic development of the country and socio-economic status of the local people in many countries of Asia-Paciﬁc region.
The Asian financial crisis of 1997-1998
has triggered intense efforts to promote
regional monetary and financial
cooperation to prevent recurrence of
future crises. Recently, developing
regional bond markets in East Asia has
emerged as one of the key agenda for
regional financial cooperation. There is
no assurance, however, that the proposed
regional bond markets will ever leave the
drawing board. Even if they do, they may
never reach the maturity to be competitive
vis-à-vis global bond markets in North
America and Europe. A few critical...
Australia is founding its future on science and innovation. Its national science agency, CSIRO, is a
powerhouse of ideas, technologies and skills.
CSIRO initiated the National Research Flagships to address Australia’s major research challenges
and opportunities. They apply large scale, long term, multidisciplinary science and aim for widespread
adoption of solutions. The Flagship Collaboration Fund supports the best and brightest researchers to
address these complex challenges through partnerships between CSIRO, universities, research
agencies and industry....
The need for the present research, ‘Teaching Writing Using Picture Stories as
Tools at the High School Level: The Movement from Other Regulation to Self
Regulation’, emerges from the researcher’s B. Ed Project in which it was noticed that
learners in regional medium schools struggle to write in English. It was observed that the
only kind of writing these learners are used to is copying notes from the blackboard or
guide books or taking down teacher dictated notes with numerous errors.
This ancient Native American proverb and what it implies resonates
today as it has become increasingly obvious that people’s actions
and interactions with the environment affect not only living conditions
now, but also those of many generations to follow. Humans must
address the effect they have on the Earth’s climate and how their choices
today will have an impact on future generations.
Although Jazui recommends boycotting advertising, I find this request impossible to
fulfill. We simply could not effectively boycott all celebrity-oriented advertising. It hold much
too broad of an influence on culture today. Media education and an increase in the appropriate
regulations by the FCC will effectively help to protect the psychee’s of American’s today by the
media. We must work towards a modern day America where we, as citizens, realize the influence
of media upon us and acknowledge its presence.
Health concerns coloured the reproductive intentions of most of
the women and some of the men. Many HIV-infected women and
men were firm in their desire not to have children. Both women
and men feared infecting a partner or their baby and were anxious
about leaving either living or future children as orphans. Women
and men were concerned about their ability to financially support
their children, given their illness. Women who had given birth to
an infected child expressed mixed feelings about becoming
However, the determination
the environmental factors affecting the structure and function of fish communities will provide awareness
and direction to find out information on environmental impacts in the future. Although Lake Huron is recognized as a deep lake, oligotrophic, it also has an extended coastline
including more than 7,000 km with the inclusion of the St Marys River, Manitoulin Island and 30,
000 islands of Georgian Bay (International Joint Commission, 1989, 1993).
The amount of capitalization required by a bad bank is essentially determined by two
factors: operating costs and acquisition costs. When a low price is paid for the acquired
troubled assets, this not only minimizes the risk of future losses but also keeps the initial
capital requirements of the bad bank low.
The source of financing determines whether the government or private sector provides
the required start-up funding. The need for liquid funds depends on how the banks being
freed of their troubled assets will be “paid.
A non–financial variable not specific to a party to the contract includes, for example,
an index of earthquake losses in a particular region and an index of temperatures in
a particular city. A non–financial variable specific to a party would be, for example,
the occurrence or non-occurrence of a fire that damages or destroys an asset of a
party to the contract.
In the first section of this book, ‘Retroviral Vector’, chapter one discusses the efficiency
of retroviral DNA integration, the preferences of integration for certain regions, and
advances on integration site selection and gene therapy. Chapter two reviews and
discusses the current cell lines and bioreaction platforms used for production of
retroviral and lentiviral vectors, focusing on the current bottlenecks and future
directions with a particular emphasis in the metabolic constrains.