Challenges faced by supply chains appear to be growing exponentially under the demands of increasingly complex business environments confronting the decision makers. The world we live in now operates under interconnected economies that put extra pressure on supply chains to fulfil ever-demanding customer preferences. Relative attractiveness of manufacturing as well as consumption locations changes very rapidly, which in consequence alters the economies of large scale production. C
We would like to dedicate this book to Dr. C. L.
Hwang. Through the course of his academic career,
Dr. Hwang researched and assessed an exhaustive list
of Multiple Attribute, Multiple Objective, and Group
Decision-Making techniques in both the crisp and
fuzzy environments, which are published in six of his
books. Dr. Hwang was an early pioneer in the field
of Decision Science and his contributions to this field
are still realized today in academia and at the heart of
this book. He introduced this area of study
to the authors who worked together with him
for a number of...
Mobile robots navigation includes different interrelated activities: (i) perception, as obtaining and interpreting sensory information; (ii) exploration, as the strategy that guides the robot to select the next direction to go; (iii) mapping, involving the construction of a spatial representation by using the sensory information perceived; (iv) localization, as the strategy to estimate the robot position within the spatial map; (v) path planning, as the strategy to find a path towards a goal location being optimal or not; and (vi) path execution, where motor actions are determined and adapt...
Research objectives: Studying and evaluation of active queue management mechanisms to find out the advantages and disadvantages of each mechanism, in order to classify and evaluate application performance for mechanisms and using fuzzy logic to improve active queue management mechanism; the results of the first goals is to perform study motivation first and will be the foundation for the theory and simulation improvements of the thesis.