Xem 1-20 trên 30 kết quả Gdp per capita
  • The main aim of our new book, as reflected in its title, is to consider the origins, development and current state of modern macroeconomics in a manner appropriate for intermediate undergraduates taking courses in macroeconomics. As such we have assumed that such students will already have a firm grasp of basic economic principles and be familiar with introductory macroeconomic theories and models as developed, for example, in textbooks such as those by Abel and Bernanke (2001), Blanchard (2003), or Mankiw (2003).

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  • In this short book, I try to outline the history of the European economy—which is somewhat different from an economic history of Eu-rope. By “European economy,” I mean a world economy in the sense of Fernand Braudel and Immanuel Wallerstein, one that is of course located in Europe and has some common aspects and some common institutions; one that is somewhat integrated, as its different parts are linked by trade and other relations more intensively than they are linked with other sys-tems; and one that achieves some kind of organic unity (despite diversity, which is typical of Europe)...

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  • INDEX Activity-Based Approach (ABA) 263, 264 aerial photography 81, 85, 93 Africa, GDP per capita 63–7 agglomeration economy 3, 7–22, 35, 66, 89, 90–1, 251, 313, 315, 324–8, 406 geographical scope of 16–18 sources of 12, 18–20 agglomeration, index of 19 agriculture

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  • When considering demand side factors, we find that wealthier countries, measured by GDP per capita, and countries with a more educated population have a larger mutual fund sector. These effects are particularly pronounced for the equity sector, which may require a higher level of investor sophistication. Internet penetration is also positively related to the size of the mutual fund sector, but it is highly correlated with the other demand size variables.

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  • The GCC region is a small but important part of the global economy. Its 2007 real GDP was around US$810 billion, accounting for just 2.1% of the global total 12 . Despite the relatively small size of their economies and populations13 , the rate of GDP growth in GCC countries reached 6.4% in 2007, which is similar to the Asia Pacific average (5% to 6%). Its growth rate exceeded the averages for Latin America, Europe, the OECD and the Middle East. In terms of GDP per capita, Qatar, the UAE, and Kuwait rank among the highest...

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  • Non Performing Loan Rate is the most important issue for banks to survive. There are lots of factors responsible for this ratio. Some of them belong to firm level issues and some are from macroeconomic measures. However this study is based on the blend. It considers the Real GDP per Capita, Inflation, and Total Loans as independent variables, and Non Performing Loan Ratio as dependent variable. Study uses the data of US banking sector from official web sources of US Federal Reserve System.

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  • Analysis of Global Findex data shows that account penetration is higher in econo- mies with higher national income as measured by GDP per capita, confirming the findings of previous studies. 3 But national income explains much less of the variation in account penetration for low- and lower-middle-income economies. Indeed, at a given income level and financial depth, use of financial services varies significantly across economies, suggesting a potentially important role for policy.

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  • The Master Plan for the Acceleration and Expansion of Indonesia’s Economic Development (MP3EI) is the Indonesian government’s current development master plan. Launched in May 2011, this ambitious policy aims to leapfrog Indonesia into the ten biggest economies by 2025, by increasing GDP to US $4.5 trillion as well as by increasing GDP per capita income from a current level of US$ 3000 to US$ 15,000.

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  • Convergence problem of an economic variable represents an underlying forecast of neoclassical economic growth model. This paper aims to analyze the convergence of provincial per capita GDP stability in Vietnam over the period of 1991-2007.

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  • The genuine saving indicator marks a step forward by the Bank to move away from simple GDP per capita calculations and introduce some human and environmental considerations into mainstream national accounting. Because of its simple and striking nature it looks set to be a major factor in key Bank documents and policy advice. Perhaps it will even become the figure which represents the combined total of the two sides of the “national balance sheet” outlined in Wolfensohn’s CDF proposal. However, it suffers from flawed data and methodology.

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  • On the basis of real GDP per capita, New Zealand ranked 21st in the OECD in 2009, one place higher than in Economic Development Indicators 2007. New Zealand’s real GDP per capita has grown a little slower on average than the OECD mean since the 1980s. On the basis of real net national income (NNI) per capita, New Zealand in 2009 ranked 23rd out of the 30 OECD countries used for comparison purposes in this report. The income gap between New Zealand and the richer OECD countries is reasonably large, and closing it will require a number of years of...

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  • Real GDP per capita can be decomposed into labour utilisation (the number of hours worked per capita per year) and labour productivity (output per hour worked). Increases in GDP per capita can come from either. Figure 1 depicts how the indicators covered in this report show New Zealand to be performing across a number of key areas, and the recent direction of any change relative to the OECD.

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  • Chapter 14 - Economic growth. After studying this chapter you will be able to: Show how small differences in growth rates lead to large differences in living standards, explain why GDP per capita is average labor productivity times the proportion of the population employed, discuss the determinants of average labor productivity,...

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  • Chapter 26 - Economic growth. In this chapter you will learn: How to calculate growth rate of real GDP per capita? What the relationship between productivity and growth is? What the factors that determine productivity are? Why there are differences between a country’s level of income and its rate of growth?...

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  • Health care spending has exceeded economic growth in every recent decade. Over the last four decades, the average growth in health spending has exceeded the growth of the economy as a whole by between 1.1 and 3.0 percentage points (Figure 2). Since 1970, health care spending per capita has grown at an average annual rate of 8.2% or 2.4 percentage points faster than nominal GDP. The persistence of this trend suggests systematic differences between health care and other economic sectors where growth rates are typically more in line with the overall economy. A smaller difference is...

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  • Despite ongoing domestic political tension, vulnerabilities in the economy and continued volatility in global financial markets, Turkey remains an attractive longer-term investment market, being the second most populous country in Europe after Germany and the sixth largest European economy. It has a young and growing population of over 70 million – 43% of the Turkish population is under the age of 25 and sizable migration to the country’s cities is taking place. These demographic trends compare favourably against those of aging Europe.

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  • Turkey’s per capita GDP is catching up and in purchasing power parity had reached 30% of the EU-27 average in 2006. The distribution of this income is very broad, both across households and across regions. The average household income in the city of Trabzon in the north-east of Turkey was only 30% of the country average (2003) whereas incomes in Ankara and Istanbul were 65% and 85% higher than the average.

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  • There is a global trend of falling household sizes over time, though an international comparison quickly reveals that this reduction is not uniform across countries. Apart from tradition, economic variables are influential in determining how many people live together in one household. We have tried to capture this relationship with a pooled cross-section of 38 countries and data for different years between 1960 and 2006. The dependent variable is the average household size.

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  • However, while this phenomenon has gained more attention over the past years, as Prasad et al. (2007) remark, this fact even seems to hold over a longer period. Over the whole period from 1970 to 2000, developing countries and emerging markets with more favourable and even positive current account positions (which implies net capital exports of these countries) have recorded higher per-capita GDP growth rates.

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  • The microsimulation approach combined with reweighting contrasts with a popular method of examining population ageing, which combines population projections with age-specific per capita expenditures on a range of benefits in order to obtain projected social expenditures. These are typically combined with GDP projections based on age-specific labour force participation and unemployment ratios, along with productivity growth assumptions.

    pdf15p taisaovanchuavo 26-01-2013 24 3   Download

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