Globalization exerts positive and negative impacts on health and has
been linked to reduced government expenditures on health, education,
and social programs, and restructured workplace and home life. Globalization
is altering gender roles and relationships and influencing health
determinants. Asymmetric rights and responsibilities, labor market segregation,
consumption patterns, and discrimination are influenced differently
by globalization and affect men and women’s health in distinct ways.
BackGround Balanced, equitable and sustainable development of the fisheries sector must take all social groups into account. However, the role of women in the sector has, for a long time, gone unrecognised and their voice is heard rarely among managers, policy makers and legislators.1 The lack of recognition and representation is not only unfair, but it also leads to an incomplete understanding of how the sector as a whole operates and functions.
The media strongly influence people’s conceptions and perceptions of the so-
cial environment. While providing entertainment, they also impart information, cul-
tural knowledge and values that in turn influence how people come to view themselves,
certain social groups, gender roles, etc. Thus, the media not only aid in socialization,
but by providing symbolic resources, they also exercise a form of pedagogy.
Academic Listening Encounters: Life in Society develops students’ listening and note-taking skills using a variety of recorded materials, including both informal interviews and formal classroom lectures. These engaging materials introduce students to stimulating topics in sociology, such as peer pressure, gender roles, and the influence of the media.
They also provide plentiful opportunities for speaking and discussion activities. An Audio CD with the lecture portion of the audio program is included with the book to provide extra listening practice.
As you begin your study of psychology, you
will find that it is different from any of your other
classes. This is because psychology is connected
to both the social sciences, such as history or
economics, and the natural sciences, such as
biology and chemistry. As a social science, psychology
explores the influences of society on
individual behavior and group relationships. As a
natural science, psychology looks for biological
explanations for human behavior.
as mentioned, sexual and reproductive health is a
unique sub-sector, due to its close association with
important and sensitive socio-cultural factors and
gender roles which define and prescribe appropriate
opportunities and avenues of action. the field is
uniquely sensitive and therefore must involve explicit
exploration across all areas of activity of some critical
cross cutting issues – among them gender, adolescent
health, sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDs.
Special emphasis in this conversation will be placed on the role international mechanisms can play as relevant drivers of
behaviour change, notably those focusing on relevant sectors and able to produce information that is responsive to the
needs of national stakeholders to promote gender equality. Speakers will show how evidence on gender equality can be
used to hold actors to account at the international level and what challenges remain.
In Afghanistan, the role of women and their position in the society are inextricably
interlinked with the national destiny. Women are symbols of family honor but also carry
the burden of embodying the national honor and aspirations of the country. Gender has
thus been one of the most politicized issues in Afghanistan over the past 100 years, where
many reform attempts rightly or wrongly have been condemned by opponents as un-
Islamic and a challenge to the sanctity of the faith and family.
The root causes of the alarming health indicators in Afghanistan are poverty and the two
decades of warfare that stalled economic and social progress and led to destruction of
livelihoods and high levels of disability.
According to Rubinow, the “one receptor-one action” model of hormone action has been overturned by the robust
evidence for action of steroid hormones through both nuclear and membrane receptors, and by the mounting evidence for
the role of co-regulators in modulation of hormone action. Rubinow argued that the same hormone may simultaneously
exert opposite effects on the same system (e.g., cell survival), and these effects can change with time. More research in
this area is needed to understand why women respond differently to the same hormonal stimuli.
In addition to the discussions on whether a two-pronged approach should be adopted, the session also offers an
opportunity to discuss which gender issues should be prioritized in a future development agenda. There has been a call
to focus on women’s strategic priorities which will help to transform women’s lives in the long-term. It has also been
suggested that the new goals should reflect an understanding that women’s poverty is, in part, a result of their socially
enforced gender roles and relations.
Cinema is meant and believed to entertain, to take the viewer to a world that is starkly different from
the real one, a world which provides escape from the daily grind of life. Cinema is a popular media of mass
consumption which plays a key role in moulding opinions, constructing images and reinforcing dominant
cultural values. The paper deals with representations of women characters in mainstream Bollywood movies.
The expansion of agriculture to open access forest lands is a major environmental
consequence of poverty, food insecurity, and landlessness in many countries, notably in the tropics.
Although nominally managed by the state, forests made accessible by the construction of roads
become de facto “open access” in the wake of logging operations by private concessionaires, who
often fail to comply with their obligations to manage the forest sustainably after harvest.
These efforts should be underpinned by a commitment to the Global Partnership for Development which has produced
important achievements, including a record volume of Official development assistance (ODA) in 2010, increased aid to
LDCs and increased South-South and other cooperation for development.
The DCF has placed emphasis on the need for aid for gender equality to be on budget and to use national systems to
promote transparency, accountability, cost-effectiveness, alignment and long-term results to promote gender equality.
In their classic account, Tim Dyson and Mick Moore linked women's autonomy to
demographic regimes in south Asia. As they describe the north Indian demographic regime, it involves
relatively high levels of fertility and infant mortality, relatively early age at marriage (which is almost
universal in north India), and relatively large gender gaps in health indicators.
Research presented by Alumit Ishai at the conference aimed to
throw light on the role of gender and sexual orientation on ratings
of attractiveness for male and female faces. Participants included
heterosexual and homosexual men and women. The results
showed that for heterosexual women and homosexualmen, activa-
tion in orbitofrontal cortex was higher for attractive male faces
than attractive female faces, whereas the converse was true for
heterosexual men and homosexual women.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Impact of recent life events on the health related quality of life of adolescents and youths: the role of gender and life events typologies in a follow-up study
The definition of gender roles is so central in Afghan society and culture, that any perceived or
planned changes require consultations not only with the household but also with the larger
community. Men and women to a large extent share the same cultural ethos and values,
including their conception of gender roles, and they seek to validate these within their
communities. Years of turmoil have furthermore left communities to their own devices,
strengthening the inherent distrust of external authorities and increased reliance upon