General expression

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  • This design guide is intended for the system architects, engineers, and Cisco channel partners who want to apply best design practices for Cisco IPCC Express. This design guide assumes that the reader is already familiar with the following concepts: • Cisco CallManager Administration • Cisco IPCC Express and Cisco IP IVR administration • General system requirements and network design guidelines available from your local Cisco Systems Engineer (SE)

    pdf90p kieuoanh 11-08-2009 140 29   Download

  • The pronunciations of the most common mathematical expressions are given in the list below. In general, the shortest versions are preferred (unless greater precision is necessary).

    pdf3p h2codon 10-05-2013 34 6   Download

  • In this paper, we propose a novel method for semi-supervised learning of nonprojective log-linear dependency parsers using directly expressed linguistic prior knowledge (e.g. a noun’s parent is often a verb). Model parameters are estimated using a generalized expectation (GE) objective function that penalizes the mismatch between model predictions and linguistic expectation constraints.

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  • This paper presents a semi-supervised training method for linear-chain conditional random fields that makes use of labeled features rather than labeled instances. This is accomplished by using generalized expectation criteria to express a preference for parameter settings in which the model’s distribution on unlabeled data matches a target distribution. We induce target conditional probability distributions of labels given features from both annotated feature occurrences in context and adhoc feature majority label assignment. ...

    pdf9p hongphan_1 15-04-2013 21 1   Download

  • Word lattice decoding has proven useful in spoken language translation; we argue that it provides a compelling model for translation of text genres, as well. We show that prior work in translating lattices using finite state techniques can be naturally extended to more expressive synchronous context-free grammarbased models. Additionally, we resolve a significant complication that non-linear word lattice inputs introduce in reordering models. Our experiments evaluating the approach demonstrate substantial gains for ChineseEnglish and Arabic-English translation. ...

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  • This paper describes a natural language processing system implemented at Hewlett-Packard's Computer Research Center. The system's main components are: a Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar (GPSG); a top-down parser; a logic transducer that outputs a first-order logical representation; and a "disambiguator" that uses sortal information to convert "normal-form" f i r s t - o r d e r logical expressions into the q u e r y language for HIRE, a relational database hosted in the SPHERE system.

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  • This paper describes how a language-planning system can produce natural-language referring expressions that satisfy multiple goals. It describes a formal representation for reasoning about several agents' mutual knowledge using possible-worlds semantics and the general organization of a system that uses the formalism to reason about plans combining physical and linguistic actions at different levels of abstraction.

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  • The GTI~syst~m is a tree-to-tree transducer developed for teaching purposes in machine translation. The transducer is a specialized production system giving the linguists the tools for expressing infon~ation in a syntax that is close to theoretical linguistics. Major emphasis was placed on developing a system that is user friendly, uniform and legible. This paper describes the linguistic data structure, the rule formalism and the control facilities that the linguist is provided with.

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  • This paper shows how higher levels of generalization can be introduced into unification grammars by exploiting methods for typing grammatical objects. We discuss the strategy of using global declarations to limit possible linguistic structures, and sketch a few unusual aspects of our typechecking algorithm. We also describe the sort system we use in our semantic representation language and illustrate the expressive power gained by being able to state global constraints over these sorts.

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  • Pronunciation, by definition, is to do with a language in its spoken form, i.e. with sounds. A printed book expresses whatever it has to say, even about pronunciation, through the very different medium of the written language. So, right at the outset of a book such as this we have a problem – or, rather, a number of interrelated problems. In particular, we have to ask and, one hopes, answer the questions: what justification is there for even attempting to discuss the spoken medium through the written medium? and, secondly, supposing such justification can be demonstrated, how do we set...

    pdf185p tacnep 10-06-2011 276 152   Download

  • Human beings communicate in four ways.We listen, speak, read, and write.When you were a baby the first thing you did was listen to the world around you. You recognized voices; you were startled by noises; you were soothed by music. Then you began to imitate the sounds you heard and you experimented by creating your own sounds. You learned that crying brought attention, words identified things, and that linking words together made meaning. Then you learned that symbols on a page held unique meaning, and you learned to read.

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  • will too often students approach a test question by writing down everything they know about general topics. They assume that they will receive credit for some information that is not enough to get one. grade or pass an exam You also important to make sure that you have met the requirements questions.

    pdf264p augi19 28-03-2012 175 104   Download

  • *These lessons are designed using basic skills already learned by students; to measure and to draw straight lines using a ruler. Elements of self-expression are based on familiarity and habit and will come gradually - particularly when the student grows comfortable with the lesson structure. Such self-expression is first emphasised in the homestudy area.

    pdf133p trongminh123 18-10-2012 74 42   Download

  • THIS CHAPTER explains some of the everyday purposes that apply to reading and writing for information and understanding. You will learn how to apply the skills you have just learned to write business letters, directions/instructions, and general summaries.

    pdf6p pretty29 29-12-2010 81 40   Download

  • This design guide is intended for the system architects, designers, engineers, and Cisco channel partners who want to apply best design practices for Unified CCX. This design guide assumes that the reader is already familiar with the following concepts: • Cisco Unified CallManager Administration • Unified CCX and Cisco Unified IP IVR (Unified IP IVR) administration • General system requirements and network design guidelines available from your local Cisco Systems Engineer (SE)

    pdf93p batrinh 11-08-2009 131 22   Download

  • You may now consider transcribing your social studies notes into stories to help you remember details. After you have written your story, go back to the rubric and see how well you did. Here are some sample activities to get you started: 1. Write an account of a day in the life of a Confederate soldier after the Battle of Antietam. Be sure to include details about his food, uniform, and spirit. Include dates and important battle sites and names of generals. 2. Write up your notes about President Truman’s dilemma to bomb Japan to end World War II as...

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  • Difficulty in addressing contamination in low permeability soils may be alleviated to some degree by controlled pneumatic or hydraulic fracturing of the soil. However, engineered hydraulic fractures generally cannot be spaced more closely than about 5 feet, which means that chemical oxidants must still penetrate a substantial thickness of low permeability soil to come into contact with the contamination. Deep soil mixing with large diameter drill augers is the most effective method currently available to increase contact between adsorbed contaminants and the oxidants.

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  • Paper format The Speaking test contains four parts. 15 minutes. 4. Two candidates and two examiners. One examiner acts as both interlocutor and assessor and manages the interaction either by asking questions or by providing cues for candidates. The other acts as assessor and does not join in the conversation. Short exchanges with the interlocutor and with the other candidate; a one-minute ‘long turn’; a collaborative task involving the two candidates; a three-way discussion. Exchanging personal and factual information, expressing and finding out about attitudes and opinions.

    pdf0p abcdef_12 17-07-2011 43 10   Download

  • 1. Eyes 2. Nose and Mouth 3. Shape of the Head 4. Facial Expression 5. Hair In this tutorial, I will attempt to go over how to draw general anime faces, so you can both get a better idea of how anime faces are drawn and proportioned, as well as an idea of how use what you know to create interesting original characters. I've divided this tutorial up into several sections. If you have any questions, please email me. All material is copyright by their respective owners. If you have any questions, comments, et cetera, please send them here. Arigatou gozaimasu!...

    pdf23p vyhuy21 20-11-2012 38 9   Download

  • The third edition of Principles of Tissue Engineering attempts to incorporate the latest advances in the biology and design of tissues and organs and simultaneously to connect the basic sciences — including new discoveries in the field of stem cells — with the potential application of tissue engineering to diseases affecting specific organ systems.

    pdf606p thix1minh 16-10-2012 29 8   Download

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