General sources

Xem 1-20 trên 235 kết quả General sources
  • Since the publication of G. P. Lilley’s reference work Information Sources in Agriculture and Food Science in 1981, we have been witness to incredible changes both in the area of agricultural research and in our ability to disseminate the results of that research. Advances have been made in the areas of plant and animal genetics, in animal and human nutrition and health, and in our understanding of the effects of human and climatic actions on the land and its natural resources.

    pdf491p tom_123 14-11-2012 27 9   Download

  • Ebook IELTS academic & general task 2: How to write at a band 9 level, this book has been written to provide the IELTS student with a brief summary outlining how to write an effective essay in the Task 2 portion of the Academic and General IELTS exams. It is hoped that this book acts as a supplement to the student’s repertoire of IELTS writing resources and not the student’s sole source of guidance for their studies in essay writing.

    pdf69p umy_banglam 07-04-2016 72 37   Download

  • This paper presents a general-purpose open source package for recognizing Textual Entailment. The system implements a collection of algorithms, providing a configurable framework to quickly set up a working environment to experiment with the RTE task. Fast prototyping of new solutions is also allowed by the possibility to extend its modular architecture. We present the tool as a useful resource to approach the Textual Entailment problem, as an instrument for didactic purposes, and as an opportunity to create a collaborative environment to promote research in the field. ...

    pdf6p hongdo_1 12-04-2013 17 2   Download

  • To address the parse error issue for tree-tostring translation, this paper proposes a similarity-based decoding generation (SDG) solution by reconstructing similar source parse trees for decoding at the decoding time instead of taking multiple source parse trees as input for decoding. Experiments on Chinese-English translation demonstrated that our approach can achieve a significant improvement over the standard method, and has little impact on decoding speed in practice.

    pdf6p hongdo_1 12-04-2013 22 2   Download

  • Probabilistic accounts of language processing can be psychologically tested by comparing word-reading times (RT) to the conditional word probabilities estimated by language models. Using surprisal as a linking function, a significant correlation between unlexicalized surprisal and RT has been reported (e.g., Demberg and Keller, 2008), but success using lexicalized models has been limited. In this study, phrase structure grammars and recurrent neural networks estimated both lexicalized and unlexicalized surprisal for words of independent sentences from narrative sources. ...

    pdf11p bunthai_1 06-05-2013 15 2   Download

  • In this paper, we present a new collection of open-source software libraries that provides command line binary utilities and library classes and functions for compiling regular expression and context-sensitive rewrite rules into finite-state transducers, and for n-gram language modeling. The OpenGrm libraries use the OpenFst library to provide an efficient encoding of grammars and general algorithms for building, modifying and applying models.

    pdf6p nghetay_1 07-04-2013 13 1   Download

  • A Named Entity Recognizer (NER) generally has worse performance on machine translated text, because of the poor syntax of the MT output and other errors in the translation. As some tagging distinctions are clearer in the source, and some in the target, we tried to integrate the tag information from both source and target to improve target language tagging performance, especially recall.

    pdf6p hongphan_1 15-04-2013 18 1   Download

  • This paper describes a general approach to the design of natural language interfaces that has evolved during the development of DATALOG, an English database query system based on Cascaded ATN grammar. By providing separate representation schemes for linguistic knowledge, general world knowledge, and application domain knowledge, DATALOG achieves a high degree of portability and extendability.

    pdf4p bungio_1 03-05-2013 22 1   Download

  • We present REGULUS, an Open Source environment which compiles typed unification grammars into context free grammar language models compatible with the Nuance Toolkit. The environment includes a large general unification grammar of English and corpus-based tools for creating efficient domainspecific recognisers from it. We will demo applications built using the system, including a speech translator and a command and control system for a simulated robotic domain, and show how the development environment can be used to edit and extend them. ...

    pdf4p bunthai_1 06-05-2013 16 0   Download

  • p 01-01-1970   Download

  • There is something special about teaching children. Jayne Moon's academic rigour and classroom experience inform every page of this book - but what shines through is a sense of the privilege it is to participate in someone's learning at this age in their lives. This is a practical handbook with lots of teaching suggestions - but it is also a source of inspiration.

    pdf192p damdung 15-07-2009 32232 31414   Download

  • OpenVPN is an open source software application that implements virtual private network (VPN) techniques for creating secure point-to-point or site-to-site connections in routed or bridged configurations and remote access facilities. It uses a custom security protocol[2] that utilizes SSL/TLS for key exchange. It is capable of traversing network address translators (NATs) and firewalls. It was written by James Yonan and is published under the GNU General Public License (GPL)

    pdf36p good_life 17-11-2009 202 102   Download

  • The tenth edition of Accountants’ Handbook has the same goal as the first edition, written over 79 years ago: to provide in a single reference source answers to all reasonable questions on accounting and financial reporting that might be asked by accountants, auditors, executives, bankers, lawyers, financial analysts, and other preparers and users of accounting information.

    pdf1103p vigro23 29-08-2012 132 71   Download

  • The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade came into force on 1 January 1948. This booklet contains the complete text of the General Agreement together with all amendments which have become effective since its entry into force. The text is identical to that published, since 1969, as Volume IV in the series Basic Instruments and Selected Documents. A guide to the legal sources of the provisions of the Agreement is provided in an appendix.

    pdf105p contentnew 03-05-2012 124 63   Download

  • Business and commercial enterprise takes place within a legal context and, in the final analysis, is governed and regulated by law. One of the problems facing the person studying business activity, and the one that is specifically addressed in this book, is the fact that business enterprise takes place within a general and wide-ranging legal environment, but the student is required to have more than a passing knowledge of the legal rules and procedures which impact on business activity.

    pdf629p baobinh1311 25-09-2012 91 46   Download

  • Industrial Safety and Health for Goods and Materials Servicesfocuses on the safety requirements of the wholesale and retail trades, including warehousing. This detailed text describes the hazards associated with chemicals, compressed gases, and fire.

    pdf424p 951628473 04-05-2012 55 24   Download

  • SIP’s popularity has grown enormously over the past few years. A big boost in support came in November 2000, with the acceptance of SIP by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP). 3GPP is composed of standards organizations in China, Europe, Japan, North America and South Korea, and is dedicated to the proliferation of a third-generation wireless global standard. More specifically, this organization focuses on the development of standards for the Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS).

    pdf11p thuxuan 06-08-2009 138 18   Download

  • European Union (EU) environmental legislation has developed over the last 30 years and comprises today some 300 legal acts and a large number of other policy documents of relevance for EU environmental policy. Section 1.2.1 of this chapter gives a general introduction to the EU forms of legislation and the principles of the EU environmental policy. The legislation related to the environmental aspects of textile processes in general, primarily the emissions to water and air, is discussed in sections 1.2 to 1.6....

    pdf243p 951628473 07-05-2012 54 17   Download

  • THE recent development of various methods of modulation such as PCM and PPM which exchange bandwidth for signal-to-noise ratio has intensified the interest in a general theory of communication. A basis for such a theory is contained in the important papers of Nyquist1 and Hartley2 on this subject. In the present paper we will extend the theory to include a number of new factors, in particular the effect of noise in the channel, and the savings possible due to the statistical structure of the original message and due to the nature of the final destination of the information....

    pdf55p toad_prince9x 30-09-2011 47 16   Download

  • Beginning with modest initial attempts in roughly the 1960s, digital image processing has become a recognized field of science, as well as a broadly accepted methodology, to solve practical problems in many different kinds of human activities. The applications encompass an enormous range, starting perhaps with astronomy, geology, and physics, via medical, biological, and ecological imaging and technological exploitation, up to the initially unexpected use in humane sciences, e.g., archaeology or art history.

    pdf725p echbuon 02-11-2012 42 16   Download

CHỦ ĐỀ BẠN MUỐN TÌM

Đồng bộ tài khoản