Genetic information

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  • Information Theory, Evolution, and the Origin of Life presents a timely introduction to the use of information theory and coding theory in molecular biology. The genetical information system, because it is linear and digital, resembles the algorithmic language of computers. George Gamow pointed out that the application of Shannon’s information theory breaks genetics and molecular biology out of the descriptive mode into the quantitative mode, and Dr. Yockey develops this theme, discussing how information theory and coding theory can be applied to molecular biology....

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học quốc tế cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Uncertainty principle of genetic information in a living cell

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  • To the ladies of America is this little work, "THE LADIES' BOOK OF USEFUL INFORMATION," dedicated. It is a book written expressly for women. This book is full from cover to cover of useful and necessary information for women. Never before has so much knowledge with which women should be acquainted been printed in one book. It is a perfect storehouse of useful facts. Almost every lady spends many dollars every year for cosmetics, medicines, household articles, etc., which this book would save her.

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  • Chapter 6 - DNA structure, replication, and recombination. This chapter includes contents: Experimental evidence for DNA as the genetic material, the Watson and Crick double helix model of DNA, genetic information in DNA base sequence, DNA replication, recombination at the DNA level.

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  • Flow of genetic information. Multiple extracellular signals activate intracellular signal cascades that result in altered regulation of gene expression through the interaction of transcription factors with regulatory regions of genes. RNA polymerase transcribes DNA into RNA that is processed to mRNA by excision of intronic sequences. The mRNA is translated into a polypeptide chain to form the mature protein after undergoing posttranslational processing.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Within a smoking-cessation program, what impact does genetic information on lung cancer need to have to demonstrate ...

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  • The RNA world hypothesis assumes that life arose from ancestral RNA molecules, which stored genetic information and catalyzed chemical reac-tions. Although RNA catalysis was believed to be restricted to phosphate chemistry, it is now established that the RNA has much wider catalytic capacities.

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  • Readable, well organized, and easy to use, this outstanding encyclopedia signifies a timely and major advance in providing in-depth and comprehensive coverage of medical genetics for the lay reader. The two volumes include nearly 400 substantive entries on genetic diseases and conditions as well as information on basic genetics concepts such as DNA, chromosomes, genetic testing, and pedigree analysis and construction (genetic family history).

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  • Genetic Algorithms (GAs) are global optimization techniques used in many real-life applications. They are one of several techniques in the family of Evolutionary Algorithms – algorithms that search for solutions to optimization problems by “evolving” better and better solutions. A Genetic Algorithm starts with a population of possible solutions for the desired application. The best ones are selected to become parents and then, using genetic operators like crossover and mutation, offspring are generated....

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  • Molecular analysis is generally more informative if testing is initiated in a symptomatic family member, since the identification of a mutation can direct the testing of other at-risk family members (whether they are symptomatic or not). In the absence of additional familial or environmental risk factors, individuals who test negative for the mutation found in the affected family member can be informed that they are at general population risk for that particular disease. Furthermore, they can be reassured that they are not at risk for passing on the mutation to their children.

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  • Remedial strategies for petroleum UST sites that include a combination of active source zone treatment with enhanced natural attenuation outside the contaminant plume core may consider chemical oxidation technologies. Many chemical oxidation techniques also provide residual dissolved oxygen that is used by aerobic microorganisms to biodegrade contaminants. In addition, these technologies may also oxidize reduced electron acceptors (e.g., nitrogen to nitrate, sulfides to sulfate), which are then used by anaerobic microorganisms to biodegrade contaminants.

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  • Table 62-8 Genetic Approaches for Identifying Disease Genes Method Indications Advantages and Limitations Linkage Studies Classical linkage analysis Analysis of Difficult to collect (parametric monogenic traits large informative pedigrees methods) Suitable for genome scan Difficult to obtain sufficient statistical power for complex traits Control not required population Useful for multifactorial disorders in isolated populations Allele-sharing Suitable for Difficult to collect methods (nonparametric identification methods) susceptibility genes of sufficient nu...

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  • Chapter 13 - Chromosomal rearrangements and changes in chromosome number. This chapter presents the following content: Rearrangements of DNA sequences, transposable genetic elements, rearrangements and evolution: a speculative comprehensive example, changes in chromosome number, emergent technologies: beyond the karyotype.

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  • Table 62-1 Selected Databases Relevant for Genomics and Genetic Disorders Site URL Comment National Center Biotechnology Information (NCBI) for http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ Molecular biology information, public databases, computational Site URL Comment biology. for Software analyzing genome data. Extensive links to other databases, genome resources, tutorials and National Human Genome http://www.genome.gov/ Web providing links Research Institute information about the human genome sequence, genomes of other organisms, and research genomic ...

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  • This book presents current topics in genetics in the dermatologic field. Various skin disorders are inherited as mendelian inheritance. Genetic skin disorders are caused by mutations in the genes encoding proteins expressing in skin, skin appendages, melanocytes and immune-associated cells. Identification of genes and elucidation of function of the encoded proteins may provide novel strategies to overcome the disorders.

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  • Applications must be sent to the Agency by 16/04/2012 (the postmark will be taken as proof of timely sending). Please read carefully section 13 of this Call for Proposals concerning the procedures for submitting applications. Applicants will be informed in due course of the results of the selection and normally within two weeks of the date of decision by the Commission to grant or not a financial contribution which is expected to be by September 2012. The selection results will be published on the MEDIA website.

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  • Chapter 1 - Genetics: The study of biological information. This chapter includes contents: DNA - The fundamental information molecule of life, proteins: the functional molecules of life processes, complex systems and molecular interactions, molecular similarities of all life-forms, the modular construction of genomes, modern genetic techniques, human genetics.

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  • Chapter 5 - Linkage, recombination and the mapping of genes on chromosomes. This chapter includes contents: Gene linkage and recombination, the chi-square test and linkage analysis, recombination: a result of crossing-over during meiosis, mapping: locating genes along a chromosome, tetrad analysis in fungi, mitotic recombination and genetic mosaics.

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  • Chapter 7 - Anatomy and function of a gene: dissection through mutation. This chapter includes contents: Mutations: primary tools of genetic analysis, what mutations tell us about gene structure, what mutations tell us about gene function, a comprehensive example: mutations that affect vision.

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