Genetic programming (GP) is a branch of Evolutionary Computing that aims the automatic discovery of programs to solve a given problem. Since its appearance, in the earliest nineties, GP has become one of the most promising paradigms for solving problems in the artificial intelligence field, producing a number of human-competitive results and even patentable new inventions. And, as other areas in Computer Science, GP continues evolving quickly, with new ideas, techniques and applications being constantly proposed....
A Field Guide to Genetic Programming
Riccardo Poli Department of Computing and Electronic Systems University of Essex – UK firstname.lastname@example.org William B. Langdon Departments of Biological and Mathematical Sciences University of Essex – UK email@example.com Nicholas F. McPhee Division of Science and Mathematics University of Minnesota, Morris – USA firstname.lastname@example.org with contributions by John R. Koza Stanford University – USA email@example.com March 2008
Automatic extraction of collocations from large corpora has been the focus of many research efforts. Most approaches concentrate on improving and combining known lexical association measures. In this paper, we describe a genetic programming approach for evolving new association measures, which is not limited to any speciﬁc language, corpus, or type of collocation. Our preliminary experimental results show that the evolved measures outperform three known association measures.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: A Genetic Programming Method for the Identiﬁcation of Signal Peptides and Prediction of Their Cleavage Sites
Population Screening Mass genetic screening programs require tests of high enough sensitivity and specificity to be cost-effective. An effective screening program should fulfill the following criteria: that the tested disorder is prevalent and serious; that it can be influenced presymptomatically through lifestyle changes, screening, or medications; and that identification of risk does not result in undue discrimination or harm.
Two types of bills currently exist on the Serbian financial market: T-bills issued by
the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Serbia, and NBS bills, issued by the
National Bank of Serbia. The main idea behind these financial instruments is to facil-
itate the development of the financial market in Serbia. This is in accordance with the
monetary policy of the National Bank of Serbia, but also an important aspect of the
economic restructuring program. Nevertheless, both types of bills are currently trad-
ed only on the primary market.
In Vietnam, foreign species of Lilium longiflorum lilies white, the same group Oriental Lilies and Asiatic hybrid children were becoming very popular. To set up a breeding program in the country for flowers with economic value, the collection of genetic resources with greater genetic diversity is prerequisite. Directive RAPD was used to assess the genetic diversity of 32 representative sample of the same species / varieties of Lilium ...
Learners enrolled in all healthcare training programs need to have a basic understanding
of medical genetics so that they can successfully transition from students to clinicians.
The field of medical genetics is advancing at a fast pace and is becoming increasingly integral
to all aspects of medicine. This fact emphasizes the need for every practicing clinician
and faculty member to develop an in-depth knowledge of the principles of human genetics,
given that they are applicable to such a wide variety of clinical presentations.
DNA testing is performed by mutational analysis or linkage studies in individuals at risk for a genetic disorder known to be present in a family. Mass screening programs require tests of high sensitivity and specificity to be costeffective. Prerequisites for the success of genetic screening programs include the following: that the disorder is potentially serious; that it can be influenced at a presymptomatic stage by changes in behavior, diet, and/or pharmaceutical manipulations; and that the screening does not result in any harm or discrimination.
The GHI Strategy in Kenya identifies three broad focus areas: (1) health systems strengthening; (2)
integrated service provision; and (3) creating awareness to create demand for available services.
Applying these broad areas will potentially have their greatest measurable health benefits in
substantially reducing unacceptably high rates of: (1) maternal, neonatal and child mortality and (2)
morbidity and mortality from neglected tropical diseases.
We are developing methods and models to support professionals in practical problem situations. To al-
low for a direct, continuous exchange between work experience on the one hand and research and teach-
ing on the other hand, these activities should happen simultaneously. We therefore need to offer the pro-
gram as a part-time program to allow participating Business Engineers to maintain their careers and
stay involved in suitable change projects.
If different knowledge areas are to be integrated (e.g.
We have endeavoured to make A Primer of Conservation Genetics as com- This book is intended to provide
a brief accessible introduction to
the general principles of
prehensible as possible to a broad range of readers. It is suitable for
those undertaking introductory genetics courses at university, for students
undertaking conservation biology courses and even for motivated
first-year biology students who have completed lectures on basic
Mendelian genetics and introductory population genetics (allele frequencies
and Hardy--Weinberg equilibrium).
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2
) is known to be a key player in apoptosis in ani-mals. The components and pathways regulating H2O2-induced programmed
cell death in plants, however, remain largely unknown. In the present
study, rice transgenic lines overexpressing Bcl-2, a human apoptotic sup-pressor, were obtained.
Approximately 75% of COPD cases are attributed to cigarette smoking (5). Occupation-related
exposures may account for another 15% of COPD cases (6) and genetic factors, asthma,
respiratory infections, and indoor and outdoor exposures to air pollutants also play a role
(6,7). hus, COPD largely can be prevented. Prevention of COPD begins with reducing and/
or eliminating smoking initiation among teenagers and young adults and encouraging tobacco
cessation among current smokers.
A web-based Knowledge Base System is an online Knowledge resource on the net. Knowledge Base System creates a huge archive of information on a website that help people gain knowledge. Knowledge Base System also is a communication tool that helps people share knowledge quickly and easily.
These pages introduce some fundamentals of genetics
algorithms. Pages are intended to be used for learning
about genetics algorithms without any previous
knowledge from this area. Only some knowledge of
computer programming is assumed. You can find here
several interactive Java applets demonstrating work of
When it comes to advocating animal conservation, it is difficult to be
convincing without becoming alarmist. The fact is, time is running out for
many of the world’s animal species. Habitat loss, introduced species, overexploitation
and pollution, all caused by human activities, combine with
stochastic factors to place ever-increasing pressure on natural populations
This book presents several recent advances on Evolutionary Computation, specially
evolution-based optimization methods and hybrid algorithms for several applications, from
optimization and learning to pattern recognition and bioinformatics. Concerning evolutionbased
optimization methods, this book presents diverse versions of genetic algorithms,
genetic programming, and performance studies and analyses, as well as several particle
swarm optimizers and hybrid approaches using neural networks and artificial
immunological systems for multi-objective optimization....