Chapter 1 - Genetics: The study of biological information. This chapter includes contents: DNA - The fundamental information molecule of life, proteins: the functional molecules of life processes, complex systems and molecular interactions, molecular similarities of all life-forms, the modular construction of genomes, modern genetic techniques, human genetics.
Chapter 5 - Linkage, recombination and the mapping of genes on chromosomes. This chapter includes contents: Gene linkage and recombination, the chi-square test and linkage analysis, recombination: a result of crossing-over during meiosis, mapping: locating genes along a chromosome, tetrad analysis in fungi, mitotic recombination and genetic mosaics.
Chapter 6 - DNA structure, replication, and recombination. This chapter includes contents: Experimental evidence for DNA as the genetic material, the Watson and Crick double helix model of DNA, genetic information in DNA base sequence, DNA replication, recombination at the DNA level.
Genetic programming (GP) is a branch of Evolutionary Computing that aims the automatic discovery of programs to solve a given problem. Since its appearance, in the earliest nineties, GP has become one of the most promising paradigms for solving problems in the artificial intelligence field, producing a number of human-competitive results and even patentable new inventions. And, as other areas in Computer Science, GP continues evolving quickly, with new ideas, techniques and applications being constantly proposed....
Nucleic Acid Hybridization
Nucleic acid hybridization is a fundamental principle in molecular biology that takes advantage of the fact that the two complementary strands of nucleic acids bind, or hybridize, to one another with very high specificity. The goal of hybridization is to detect specific nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) sequences in a complex background of other sequences. This technique is used for Southern blotting, Northern blotting, and for screening libraries (see above). Further adaptation of hybridization techniques has led to the development of microarray DNA chips.
Genetic improvement of fish species is considered a priority area for research and development by the government of Viet Nam, particularly in the context of rural development, food security and poverty alleviation. The current proposal has been developed in consultation with Vietnamese staff of participating institutions. The project builds upon the existing collaborative links between Deakin University and the Research Institutes of Aquaculture (RIAs) in Viet Nam.
Polymerase Chain Reaction is widely held as one of
the most important inventions of the 20th century in
molecular biology. Small amounts of the genetic material
can now be amplified to be able to a identify, manipulate
DNA, detect infectious organisms, including the viruses
that cause AIDS, hepatitis, tuberculosis, detect genetic
variations, including mutations, in human genes and
numerous other tasks.
Learners enrolled in all healthcare training programs need to have a basic understanding
of medical genetics so that they can successfully transition from students to clinicians.
The field of medical genetics is advancing at a fast pace and is becoming increasingly integral
to all aspects of medicine. This fact emphasizes the need for every practicing clinician
and faculty member to develop an in-depth knowledge of the principles of human genetics,
given that they are applicable to such a wide variety of clinical presentations.
(BQ) Part 1 book "Principles and techniques of biochemistry and molecular biology" presents the following contents: Basic principles, cell culture techniques, centrifugation, microscopy, molecular biology, bioinformatics and basic techniques, recombinant DNA and genetic analysis, immunochemical techniques.
(BQ) Part 2 book "Snustad principles of genetics" presents the following contents: The techniques of molecular genetics, genomics, applications of molecular genetics, transposable genetic elements, regulation of gene expression in eukaryotes, the genetic control of animal development, population genetics, evolutionary genetics,...
Activities completed in the reporting period have included
• seed collections from six Acacia mangium seed production areas (SPAs) in Vietnam
• germination and raising of over 2000 seedlings from the SPAs at RCFTI, Hanoi
• further training of four Vietnamse staff in molecular techniques in Hanoi
• extraction at RCFTI of DNA from 70 maternal parent trees and 700 progeny from the SPAs
• design of field trials for planting of seedlings to allow assessment of inbreeding depression
• arrangements made for training of RCFTI staff in Canberra in October 2001. ...
To enhance the local capacity for teaching, research and extension in agriculture and rural development, the QBII, AFFS, DPI proposes to focus its project on the key priority area of agriculture, and livestock improvement in Vietnam, and within these areas, to deliver activities in the disciplines of biotechnology and genetic improvement as highlighted as a priority area by the Government of Vietnam (GOV) in the Vietnam - Australia Development Cooperation Program, CARD Program Guidelines.
Chapter 2 covers the basic principles of inheritance, first described by Mendel, that form the foundation of the Laws of Segregation and Independent Assortment. You will see in chapter 4 how these laws relate to chromosome segregation during meiosis.
Chapter 3 - Extensions to Mendel's laws. In this chapter, students will be able to: Understand incomplete dominance and its relationship to blood type, understand the idea of and give examples of pleiotropy, understand complementary gene action.
Chapter 4 - The chromosome theory of inheritance. The main contents of this chapter include all of the following: Chromosomes - The carriers of genes, mitosis: cell division that preserves chromosome number, meiosis: cell divisions that halve chromosome number, gametogenesis, validation of the chromosome theory.
Research objectives: Thesis was the first studied methodically systematic assessment of genetic diversity by morphological indicators combined with molecular markers, identification of Vietnamese native Dendroium species based on the ITS sequences. The results of the thesis have significance in the classification, the conservation service, and selection and breed new varieties; these will be contributing to improve Vietnam orchids.
(BQ) Part 2 book "Principles of genetics" presents the following contents: Mutation, DNA repair, and recombination; the techniques of molecular genetics, genomics, applications of molecular genetics, transposable genetic elements, regulation of gene expression in prokaryotes, regulation of gene expression in prokaryotes,... and other content.
(BQ) Part 1 book "New optimization techniques in engineering" has contents: Godfrey C onwubolu and B V babu, itroduction to genetic algorithms for engineering optimization kalyanmoy deb, memetic algorithms, scatter search and path relinking - foundations and advanced designs, ant colony optimization, ant colony optimization,... and other contents.
(BQ) Part 2 book "New optimization techniques in engineering" has contents: Applications in reaction engineering; new ideas and applications of scatter search and path relinking; improvement of search process in genetic algorithms - an application of PCB assembly sequencing problem; scheduling and production & control
Biotechnology is the scientific field of studying and applying the most efficient methods and techniques to get useful end-products for the human society by using viable micro-organisms, cells, and tissues of plants or animals, or even certain functional components of their organisms, that are grown in fully controlled conditions to maximize their specific metabolism inside fully automatic bioreactors.