The very latest research is uncovering a stream of evidence revealing evolution in action - from the actual observation of a species splitting into two, to new fossil discoveries, to the deciphering of the evidence stored in our genome. Why Evolution is True weaves together the many threads of modern work in genetics, palaeontology,geology, molecular biology, anatomy, and development to demonstrate the 'indelible stamp' of the processes first proposed by Darwin. It is a crisp, lucid, and accessible statement that will leave no one with an open mind in any doubt about the truth of evolution....
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Understanding the origins of humanity has long been one of our foremost
intellectual pursuits, and one that greatly interests the general public as
evidenced by museum attendance and by numerous media productions
and general interest publications. Progress toward an improved understanding
of our heritage is a continuing challenge for the scientific community, requiring
advances in a range of disciplines that include archaeology, anthropology, geology,
biology, oceanography, and genetics, and particularly research advances in
areas where two or more of these fields intersect.
The discovery and utilization of fire, a simple energy source with many profound uses, was a turning point in the technological evolution of humankind. The exact date of its discovery is not known; evidence of burnt animal bones at the Cradle of Humankind suggests that the domestication of fire occurred before 1,000,000 BC; scholarly consensus indicates that Homo erectus had controlled fire by between 500,000 BC and 400,000 BC.
Physicists pretend not only to know everything, but also to know everything bet-
ter. This applies in particular to computational statistical physicists like US. Thus
many of our colleagues have applied their computer simulation techniques to
ﬁelds outside of physics, and have published sometimes in biological, economic
or sociological journals, and publication ﬂow in the opposite direction has also
Laetoli in northern Tanzania is one of the most important paleontological and paleoanthropological
sites in Africa. It is renowned for the recovery of early hominin fossils belonging to
A. afarensis and for the discovery of remarkably well-preserved trails of footprints of hominins.
Given the significance of Laetoli for understanding and interpreting the evolutionary history of
early hominins the author initiated long-term geological and paleontological investigations at
Laetoli and at other fossil localities on the Eyasi Plateau.
Carbonate mounds appear to be an important feature along the northeastern
Atlantic margins. The presence of giant carbonate mounds in Porcupine Seabight,
on Porcupine Bank, in Rockall Trough and on Rockall Bank,Wof Ireland is already
known since the nineties (Hovland et al. 1994; Henriet et al. 1998; De Mol et al.
2002; Huvenne et al. 2002, 2003; van Weering et al. 2003). These mounds have
been the target of several cruises during the last decade.
My editorial objective in this new series is to present to the scientific public a
collection of texts that satisfies one of two criteria: the systematic presentation of a
specialised but important topic within materials science or engineering that has not
previously (or recently) been the subject of full-length treatment and is in rapid
development; or the systematic account of a broad theme in materials science or
engineering. The books are not, in general, designed as undergraduate texts, but
rather are intended for use at graduate level and by established research workers.
Earth as an Evolving Planetary System presents the key topics and questions relating to the evolution of the Earth's crust and mantle over the last four billion years. It examines the role of plate tectonics in the geological past via geological evidence and proposed plate reconstruction.
Kent Condie synthesizes data from the fields of oceanography, geophysics, planetology, and geochemistry to examine the key topics and questions relating to the evolution of the Earth's crust and mantle.
Karst is a medium which has traditionally been the subject of hydrogeological re-
search, given the abundant water resources that are stored in it. In many cases karst
is the product of climatic and hydrological evolution in carbonate areas in recent
periods of geological history. Karst contains key information on recent environmen-
tal changes. The action of water has generated a great range of karstic features that
are part of our natural heritage and some of them form major tourist attractions
(landscapes of natural parks, geosites and show caves, for example).
Sometimes a burst of diversification is accompanied by dramatic morphologi -
cal evolution—an event known as an adaptive radiation. When the ancestors of
Darwin’s finches arrived on the Galápagos Islands a few million years ago, they
did not simply evolve into 14 barely distinguishable species. They evolved dis-
tinctive beaks and behaviors that allowed them to feed on cactuses, crack hard
nuts, and even drink the blood of other birds. The Great Lakes of East Africa also
saw an adaptive radiation of cichlid fishes.
This book is the first in a new series devoted to synthetic works in the fields
of ecology and evolution. These fields synthesis. Recent examples of synthetic activities include the establishment
of the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis at the University
of California Santa Barbara and Deep Green, a worldwide collaboration
among angiosperm systematists to determine the phylogenetic structure
of the flowering plants. In ecology some of the most important research
challenges concern global climate change and the loss of diversity.