Global cancer

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  • In high-income countries, cancer has received considerable public attention because it is one of the major causes of mortality, morbidity, and disease burden. In middle- and particularly in low-income countries, cancer has received less public attention because other diseases, especially infectious diseases, have historically been far more pressing. Although less prominent in relative terms, as this report documents, cancer is a major burden in low- and middle-income countries (LMCs) today.

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  •  Less than 3 decades ago, Robin Warren and Barry Marshall definitively identified Helicobacter pylori by culturing an organism from gastric biopsy specimens that had been visualized for almost a century by pathologists (196). In 1994, H. pylori was recognized as a type I carcinogen, and now it is considered the most common etiologic agent of infection-related cancers, which represent 5.5% of the global cancer burden (239). In 2005, Marshall and Warren were awarded the Nobel Prize of Medicine for their seminal discovery of this bacterium and its role in peptic ulcer disease

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  • Tham khảo sách 'land-based pollution sources: a global synopsis of land-based pollui on sources science and transboundary management', khoa học tự nhiên, công nghệ môi trường phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • I am very grateful to the special group of distinguished scientists who made up the Panel and Secretariat for this major review of the evidence on food, nutrition, physical activity and cancer. The vision of WCRF International in convening this Panel and confidence in letting a strong-willed group of scientists have their way is to be highly commended. In our view, the evidence reviewed here that led to our recommendations provides a wonderful opportunity to prevent cancer and improve global health. Individuals and populations have in their hands the means to lead fuller, healthier lives.

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  • Maintaining a robust nursing workforce is essential to meeting the needs of diverse patient populations and advancing global health. As the largest segment of the healthcare workforce, nurses play a critical role in providing life-saving and life-sustaining care across settings. The worldwide nursing shortage of the last decade underscored the importance of preparing adequate numbers of professional nurses and the dangers that result when too few nurses are available to provide care. Recent investigations led by Drs.

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  • For government, the implications are two‐fold. First, there is a need for a reconsideration of  policy  settings  in  view  of  the  current  international  climate,  particularly  in  regard  to  immigration  policy  as  it  affects  higher  education.  Second,  government  needs  to  examine  options to meet the challenges presented by the current global and domestic circumstances  facing the sector, in view of government’s goals for higher education in general. ...

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  • The Global status report on alcohol and health (2011) presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States. It represents a continuing effort by the World Health Organization (WHO) to support Member States in collecting information in order to assist them in their efforts to reduce the harmful use of alcohol, and its health and social consequences.

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  • People with MEN1 have a very high risk of developing tumors of 3 glands: the pituitary, parathyroid, and pancreas. About one-third to one-half of people with this condition also develop adrenal adenomas or enlarged adrenal glands. These usually do not cause any symptoms. This syndrome is caused by defects in a gene called MEN1. People who have a family history of MEN1 or pituitary, parathyroid, pancreas, or adrenal cancers should ask their doctor if they might benefit from genetic counseling.

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  • Healthcare professionals should adequately inform men with prostate cancer and their partners or carers about the effects of prostate cancer and the treatment options on their sexual function, physical appearance, continence and other aspects of masculinity. Healthcare professionals should support men and their partners or carers in making treatment decisions, taking into account the effects on quality of life as well as survival.

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  • In addition to incidence figures, population-based cancer registries that conduct adequate follow-up of their patients are able to estimate the preva- lence of cancer. Prevalence figures give an indication of the burden of the dis- ease in the community. Cancer registries generally assume that once diag- nosed with cancer, an individual remains a prevalent case until death. Thus, prevalence may be estimated from data on incidence and survival.

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  • These admittedly rather vague suggestions for man- aging cancer are clearly something of a long shot, but the 12 new Physical Science-Oncology Centers are just starting up (figure 4), and over the coming years they will work together to compare ideas and results from their experimental and theoretical investiga- tions. The success of the initiative will depend on how well the scientists involved can form links between traditional disciplines.

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  • Although the psychosocial oncology literature is strong, substantial limitations and unanswered questions remain. Much of the research has focused on heterogeneous samples of patients who vary widely across disease site (e.g., melanoma vs. breast cancer), stage of progression (e.g., localized vs. metastatic), and phase of illness (e.g., initial diagnosis vs. long-term survival). The challenges patients face vary widely across these dimensions, and therefore, it is crucial for research designs to take this into consideration....

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  • Malaria is a disease of global concern. Historically, malaria has killed more people than any other infec-tious disease and still accounts for massive levels of mortality and morbidity in over 100 countries of the world. In Africa and some other underdeveloped coun-tries mortality remains high because there is limited access to treatment in villages.

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  • Cancer of the breast is the most common cancer in women worldwide. Every year 1.6 million women are newly diagnosed with breast cancer glo-cancer accounts for 23% of all female cancers glo-bally and shows a geographic variation in incidenc are 39 per 100,000 worldwide – 27 in less and 66 usually applied in single-center institutions per 100,000 in the more developed regions. Out of the 425,000 global annual deaths from breast cancer, however, 68,000 are young women from develop-duce major improvements wit limited financialing countries1.

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  • Young doctors are the future of our Society. Therefore, I am hoping to see a global network created for young gynecologists who are interested in gynecologic cancer. If young doctors from various countries start to communicate effectively and share information with each other, we can both improve and standardize cancer treatment and contribute to the well-being of women worldwide. Education for young doctors is very important because they are still pure and have a sensitivity to share experiences of all kinds.

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  • Thyroid and parathyroid diseases are among the most frequent conditions we have to deal with in a clinical setting. Both nodular and autoimmune diseases affecting these glands have increased remarkably over the past decades. The widespread use of crosssectional imaging and the introduction of neck ultrasonography have led to a thyroid nodule epidemics and the diagnostic of neck lesions in half of the population. Consequently, many patients with microscopic papillary thyroid cancers of uncertain clinical significance are submitted to surgeries that may, perhaps, be unnecessary....

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  • Optical devices in communication and computation have a significant impact on our daily life, although we may not even be aware of their existence, as in case of inter-continent fiber cables that connect people around the world, making it a global village. Novel nanoscale structures have demonstrated a wide range of unique features; therefore have became a hot research topic. Not only that the novel structural materials are used in biomedical therapy, but also the nature inspires the design of innovative optical structures....

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  • In its principles and programs, GHI reflects the Presidential Policy Directive and the QDDR. By strategically investing in global health, we will spur progress across sectors, in economic development, job creation, education, agricultural development, gender equality, and political stability. These are goals with both global reach and local significance: the health and stability of countries around the world are strongly linked to the security and prosperity of the United States. This nation has made enormous contributions to improving health outcomes worldwide. The U.S.

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  • Thanks to a long, successful marketing campaign by De Beers, diamonds became strongly associated with romantic love, first in the United States and then globally (see.Figure.5). In the 1940s the company launched a long-running and renowned campaign around the theme “A diamond is forever.” Over many decades, hundreds of millions of dollars were spent to market the notion that diamonds signify romance and love. That campaign benefited the entire diamond industry.

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  • Gynecological cancers as a group comprise approximately 11% of female cancer. 1 In the United States, it is estimated that nearly 80,720 women will be diagnosed in 2009 with gynecological cancers and that approximately 28,120 women will die as a result of these cancers (accounting for 10%of all cancer-related deaths in women). Gynecological cancers are typically diagnosed by history, physical examination, and selected imaging studies.

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