Evidence grows daily of the rapid changes in climate due to human activities and
their impact on plants and animals. Plant function is inextricably linked to climate
and atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration. On the shortest and smallest scales
the climate affects the plant’s immediate environment and thus directly inﬂuences
physiological processes. On longer and larger time and space scales climate inﬂu-
ences species distribution and community composition and determines what crops
can be viably produced in managed agricultural, horticultural and forestry ecosys-
Climate change is a long-term shift in the statistics of the weather (including its
averages). For example, it could show up as a change in climate normalcy (expected
average values for temperature and precipitation) for a given place and time of year,
from one decade to the next. We know that the global climate is currently changing.
The last decade of the 20th Century and the beginning of the 21st have been the
warmest periods in the entire global instrumental temperature record, starting in the
Chapter 19 - Economics of energy, the environment, and global climate change. After reading the material in this chapter, you should be able to: Characterize the basics of energy consumption, supply and price; discuss energy sustainability and conservation; list the types of damage done by pollution externalities;...
"Jane Genovese is a public speaker, university graduate of Law and Arts
(majoring in Psychology) and passionate global warming advocate. She
became concerned about global warming after reading an article on Artic
Eskimos losing their way of life due to rapid climate change. This
motivated her to study Environmental law and International Environmental
law at university. Shortly after, she created the “Global Warming: Too Hot
to Handle?” workshop and this book with her mother, Sharon. In her spare
time, Jane enjoys salsa dancing, watching good documentaries and going
to the gym."......
Global warming is the rising average temperature of Earth's atmosphere and oceans since the late 19th century and its projected continuation. Since the early 20th century, Earth's average surface temperature has increased by about 0.8 °C, with about two thirds of the increase occurring since 1980. Warming of the climate system is unequivocal, and scientists are more than 90% certain that most of it is caused by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases produced by human activities such as deforestation and the burning of fossil fuels.
Scientists predict the earth is facing 40-to-60 years of climate change, even if emissions of carbon dioxide and other global warming gases stopped today. One inevitable consequence of the greenhouse gases already in the atmosphere will be an increase in the frequency and severity of natural disaster events. Global Warming, Natural Hazards, and Emergency Management documents the imperative need for communities to prepare for the coming effects of climate change and provides a series of in-depth, road-tested recommendations on how to reduce risks for communities and businesses.
The papers in this volume explore the key issues linked to this shift, including: ' Increasing research into the Earth Sciences, climate reconstruction and forecasting in order to decrease the degree of uncertainty about the origin, development and implications of climate change; ' The introduction of more binding and comprehensive regulation of both greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation measures, like that in the United Kingdom; ' Matching climate policy with that for disasters and mainstreaming it into overall development strategies.
This book provides an interdisciplinary view of how to prepare the ecological and socio-economic systems to the reality of climate change. Scientifically sound tools are needed to predict its effects on regional, rather than global, scales, as it is the level at which socio-economic plans are designed and natural ecosystem reacts. The first section of this book describes a series of methods and models to downscale the global predictions of climate change, estimate its effects on biophysical systems and monitor the changes as they occur....
Explores public and government involvement in combating global warming, and reviews conservation programs that have been developed by countries, international institutions, private organizations, and individuals.Global warming is the rising average temperature of Earth's atmosphere and oceans since the late 19th century and its projected continuation.
Over the past several years, scientists, public health officials, and policy
makers have become increasingly interested in understanding how the emergence
and spread of infectious diseases could be affected by environmental factors,
particularly variations in climate. In September 1995 the Institute of Medicine/
National Academy of Sciences and the National Science and Technology Council
held a Conference on Human Health and Global Climate Change.
The failure of the UN climate change summit in Copenhagen in December 2009 to effectively reach a global agreement on emission reduction targets, led many within the developing world to view this as a reversal of the Kyoto Protocol and an attempt by the developed nations to shirk out of their responsibility for climate change.
Information about climate1 is used to make decisions every day. From farmers deciding
which crops to plant next season to mayors in large cities deciding how to prepare for future heat
waves, and from an insurance company assessing future flood risks to a national security planner
assessing future conflict risks from the impacts of drought, users of climate information span a
vast array of sectors in both the public and private spheres. Each of these communities has
different needs for climate data, with different time horizons (see Box 1) and different tolerances
Tham khảo sách 'planet earth 2011 – global warming challenges and opportunities for policy and practice_2', khoa học tự nhiên, công nghệ môi trường phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả
The Society of Wetland Scientists’ book series, Global Change Ecology and Wetlands, emerged
from the Society’s Global Change Ecology Section. There is a growing need among wetlands
managers and scientists to address problems of climate change in wetlands, and this series will fi ll
an important literature gap in the fi eld of global change as it relates to wetlands around the world.
Global Warming has become perhaps the most complicated issue being faced by world leaders. Thus, it requires field of attention for many modern societies, power and energy engineers, academicians, researchers and stakeholders. The so-called consensus in the past century anthropogenically induced Global Warming, has recently been disputed by rising number of climate change panelists.
Twenty years ago, world leaders gathered at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro and signed the
first global agreement to tackle climate change. At the time, the impacts of climate change on
communities and economies were just beginning to be understood, and the role of the private
sector in responding to these challenges was only just emerging. But two decades later, climate
change is no longer a distant threat looming on the horizon; it has emerged as arguably the
greatest global challenge of our time.
Climate change is happening now. Climate-induced disasters are occurring
in the Asia Pacific region, where a distinctly increasing trend has been
observed in recent decades. This shows that the region is the most disaster
prone, compared with other parts of the world. Studies on the causes of
disaster in many affected regions suggest that in a typical disaster, cities with
high population density see increases in mortality and number of people
affected. Increased economic losses within the region are also inevitable.
Global warming is theenvironmental issue of the twenty-first century.
Many believe it ranks with war and poverty as one of the greatest
challenges to human well-being. But unlike war and poverty, which
humanity has confronted for millennia, global warming is a recent
concern. And unlike war and poverty, global warming is mainly a pro-spective threat and one that can in principle be met with pre-emptive
This book is intended to introduce the reader to examples of the range of practical problems posed by "Global Warming". It includes 11 chapters split into 5 sections. Section 1 outlines the recent changes in the Indian Monsoon, the importance of greenhouse gases to life, and the relative importance of changes in solar radiation in causing the changes.