The intertwining of the Internet and the globalization of finance, corporate governance, and trade raises questions about national models of technology development and property rights. The sudden ability of hundreds of millions of users to gain access to a global communication infrastructure spurred the creation of new firms and economic opportunities. The Internet challenged existing institutions and powerful interests: Technology was global, but its economic and business development was molded in the context of prevailing national institutions.
Access to sufficient Internet bandwidth enables worldwide electronic collaboration, access to informational resources, rapid and effective communication, and grants membership to a global community. Therefore, bandwidth is probably the single most critical resource at the disposal of a modern organisation.
GSM (Global System for Mobile Communications, originally Groupe Spécial Mobile), is a standard set developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to describe technologies for second generation (2G) digital cellular networks. Developed as a replacement for first generation (1G) analog cellular networks, the GSM standard originally described a digital, circuit switched network optimized for full duplex voice telephony.
Scientists predict the earth is facing 40-to-60 years of climate change, even if emissions of carbon dioxide and other global warming gases stopped today. One inevitable consequence of the greenhouse gases already in the atmosphere will be an increase in the frequency and severity of natural disaster events. Global Warming, Natural Hazards, and Emergency Management documents the imperative need for communities to prepare for the coming effects of climate change and provides a series of in-depth, road-tested recommendations on how to reduce risks for communities and businesses.
In our increasingly mobile world, communication must be effective, global, and available through multiple technologies seamlessly. Unified Communications logically blends and combines previously separate services and features, making communication possible by any means, with anyone, using any of your devices.
Globalization has forever changed the way we develop, communicate, and learn. Globalization
has also launched the new challenges and opportunities fundamentally affect our economic
prosperity and government policy, along with its related parties, making judgments and
decisions about the future. The new world of change requires new ways of thinking about
transportation, including thinking about new tools, new alliances, and a new architecture.
There is a bustling atmosphere in the headquarters of the globally active Confusio
Corporation. Everything seems to be just fine. Yet, there is a bad atmosphere in
the precious wood-paneled conference room of the managing director Paul Peppy.
Peppy has drummed together his top managers from all important branch offices; a
hard and uncompromising crackdown is urgently required! Concerning the topic of
the crisis summit, he has intentionally left the participants in the dark.
Since the first DIISM conference, which took place 9 years ago, the world has
seen drastic changes, including the transformation of manufacturing and
engineering software, and the information and communication technologies
deployed. The conditions for manufacturing and engineering have changed on a
large scale, in terms of technology-enabled collaboration among the fields of
design, engineering, production, usage, maintenance and recycling/disposal.
These changes can be observed in rapidly-growing fields such as supply chain
The optimism born of the world's first successful disease-eradication campaign invigorated the international health community, if only briefly. Global consensus regarding the right to primary health care for all was reached at the International Conference on Primary Health Care in Alma-Ata (in what is now Kazakhstan) in 1978. However, the declaration of this collective vision was not followed by substantial funding, nor did the apparent consensus reflect universal commitment to the right to health care. Moreover, as is too often the case, success paradoxically weakened commitment. ...
The landmass on which we live is an integral part of our water catchment. Any human activity
will inevitably have some consequences on the availability and composition of fresh
waters. These consequences are becoming increasingly important and detectable as the human
population grows. The problem is to be addressed at the global scale, as frequently,
decisions made have inter-regional and international impacts, and must therefore be coordinated.
In a number of European Member States, for example, the availability of water resources
depends on the activities of other upstream countries.
This paper attempts to examine the changes in surface water environment and community based coastal resources management activities in the Tam Giang Lagoon, Central Vietnam. The results show that the lagoon’s surface water has been polluted. BOD５, COD and nutrient concentration have increased in the lagoon’s surface water environment. It proved that there was a present of organic substances. Due to the globalization of seafood products and changes in lagoon’s water quality by aquaculture development; the local government has...
After you read chapter 8 you should be able to: Discuss the purpose of the components required for successful communications; describe these uses of computer communications: wireless messaging services, wireless Internet access points, cybercafés, global positioning systems, collaboration, groupware, voice mail, and Web services; differentiate among types of networks: LANs, MANs, and WANs;...
When you finish this chapter, you should: Know the advantages and disadvantages of the promotion methods a marketing manager can use in strategic planning, know how the communication process affects promotion planning, understand how direct-response promotion is helping marketers develop more targeted promotion blends,...
After studying this chapter you will be able to: Explain elements of acceptance under common law and the UCC; determine how acceptance can be communicated, including by silence; determine when oral acceptance is effective.
We recognize that the creative, effective solutions that positively transform societies and
their health ultimately grow from processes that take place within those societies. In both child
health and maternal health there are powerful stories of true success, which tell us that change
is possible, that the MDGs need not be pie-in-the-sky, and that leaders of change speak many
languages. At the same time, we are keenly aware that global forces both constrain and
facilitate the ability of local and national actors to think and act boldly.
In 2020, areas of particular importance for technology trends will include biotechnology, nanotechnology, materials technology, and information technology. The authors of this report assessed a sample of 29 countries across the spectrum of scientific advancement (low to high) with respect to their ability to acquire and implement 16 key technology applications (e.g., cheap solar energy, rural wireless communications, genetically modified crops). The study
An overview of the NEWSKY project (“NEtWorking the SKY”) is given. This project is co-funded by the European Commission within the 6th Framework Programme and has started in February 2007. The main goal of the NEWSKY project is to show that the integration of different communications systems and different applications into a global, heterogeneous network for aeronautical communications is feasible and how this integration can be achieved.
At present, there seems to be a global consensus on the importance and inevitable roles of NTPFs. Despite this fact, there are also numerous problems that need to be considered in order to enhance the many positive roles of NTFPs. Among the problems are declining natural stocks, policies unconducive to environment al protection and poor access to "fair" market.
Stunning developments in science, technology, industry, and agriculture have brought political, economic, and environmental benefits and costs. New types of organizations have given governments and people new ways to respond to the world's challenges.