The first edition of Global Logistics and Distribution Planning: Strategies for
Management appeared in 1988. Since then the whole field of logistics has
changed. Of course, there is still agreement about the basic principle of a
supply chain as ‘the series of activities and organizations that materials –
both tangible and intangible – move through on their journeys from
initial suppliers to final customers’ (Waters, 2009).
USDA’s Economic Research Service (ERS) projects that
average per capita food consumption for 67 low-income
countries will increase in the next decade. ERS also projects
that the number of people failing to meet their nutritional
requirements will decline from 774 million in 2000 to 694
million in 2010, providing an improved outlook for global
food security. But the gains are not uniform across countries
and in many food insecurity will probably intensify.
Taxation of e-commerce is a major concern for international agencies and tax
authorities worldwide. In its most advanced form, e-commerce allows unidentiﬁed
purchasers to pay obscure vendors in ‘electronic cash’ for products that are often
goods, services and licences all rolled into one. A payee may be no more than a
computer that can take up ‘residence’ anywhere; national boundaries are of no
Globalization exerts positive and negative impacts on health and has
been linked to reduced government expenditures on health, education,
and social programs, and restructured workplace and home life. Globalization
is altering gender roles and relationships and influencing health
determinants. Asymmetric rights and responsibilities, labor market segregation,
consumption patterns, and discrimination are influenced differently
by globalization and affect men and women’s health in distinct ways.
In many of our discussions with industry leaders, we have emphasised the need to install solar panels on the facades of new housing complexes and offices; we reiterated this more recently in last year’s Christmas letter to our members. We are now happy to announce that there has been a large step forward in this regard. The city of Zurich voted 167 to 0 in favour of renovating building envelopes in an energy-smart manner, rather than simply adhering to outdated building codes. And now an apartment building in Leimbach, on the outskirts of Zurich, is being renovated with a solar...
Air travel is continuing to experience the fastest growth among all modes of transport. Increasing total
fuel consumption and the potential impacts of aircraft engine emissions on the global atmosphere have
motivated the industry, scientific community, and international governments to seek various emissions
reduction options. Despite the efforts to understand and mitigate the impacts of aviation emissions, it still
remains uncertain whether proposed emissions reduction options are technologically and financially
Despite the mixed signals, the authorities are taking steps to improve the
business climate. Zimbabwe has eased business start-up by reducing registration fees and
initiated a process to speed up the name search process and company and tax registration. In
addition, the corporate income tax rate was reduced from 30% to 25%, the capital gains tax
was lowered from 20% to 5%, and the payment of corporate income tax was simplified by
allowing quarterly payment through commercial banks.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Major multinational food and beverage companies and informal sector contributions to global food consumption: implications for nutrition policy
In the period 1985 to 2003, the elderly population aged 62 to 74 decreased by close to six
percent, whereas the elderly population aged 75 to 84 grew by close to 35 percent.
Householders aged 45 to 54 show a dramatic increase in numbers over the 1985 to 2003 time
period – i.e., a 70 percent increase from 12.8 million to 21.8 million. This is interesting because
by 1991, the first cohort of the Baby Boomer generation began entering this age category. (The
last cohort entered the age category in 2003.)
There is also a lack of information on the cross-border exposures of large
nonbank financial institutions, despite their increasing importance in the international
financial markets as highlighted by Recommendation # 14.
E-tribes or virtual communities: whatever one
chooses to call them, at least one thing seems assured.
With 51 per cent of Internet users using the Web
daily, and exponential global growth rates for new
users, prodigious growth in the quantity, interests,
and influence of virtual communities is guaranteed.
Unlikely to replace physical encounters, or information
from traditional media, online interactions
are becoming an important supplement to social and
Now-a-days, dealers of natural resources like fuel, coal etc. are facing a hard
time to keep pace with the increasing demand. At one hand, there are more cars
or motor vehicles are dominating the transport medium, on the other hand these
cars are being dominated by the fuel. As a result, the limited resources are being
quashed by the producers and dealers to satisfy this need which is leading us to
an uncertain future with having the scarcity of fuel and minerals. So, it is clear
that present trends in energy consumption, especially oil, cannot be sustained
much longer. Again,...
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an intergovernmental
organisation in which representatives of 30 industrialised countries in North America, Europe and the
Pacific, as well as the European Commission, meet to co-ordinate and harmonize policies, discuss
issues of mutual concern, and work together to respond to international problems. Most of the
OECD’s work is carried out by more than 200 specialised Committees and subsidiary groups
composed of Member country delegates.
Despite phenomenal success of the commercial agricultural sector in South Africa and
significant progress in integrating smallholders since democratic reforms, food security
concerns remain in South Africa. Recent global increases in food prices have further
exacerbated vulnerabilities and make it imperative to examine alternative food production
and consumption questions in the country. The World Bank (2010) reports that domestic
staple food prices in several countries particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa, experienced
double digit increases in 2009.
Globally, GHG emissions rose by 70% between 1970 and 2004. The IPCC predicts rises
of between 1° and 6°C from current levels by 2100, depending on the levels of future
GHG emissions. If the higher estimates are accurate, there would be catastrophic
consequences, so decisive action is a must.
In March 2007, as part of a wide-ranging attempt to cut emissions, European heads of
state agreed to set legally binding targets to reduce Europe-wide emissions of greenhouse
gases by 20% of 1990 levels by 2020. This target may be increased to 30% by 2020 if a
new global climate change agreement...
World Health Statistics 2008 presents the most recent available health statistics for WHO’s 193 Member States. This
fourth edition includes 10 highlights of health statistics as well as data on an expanded set of over 70 key health
indicators. The indicators were selected on the basis of their relevance to global health monitoring and c onsiderations
of data availability, accuracy and comparability among Member States.
This publication is in two parts. Part 1 presents 10 topical highlights based on recent publications or results of new
analyses of existing data.
Americans have always cherished our privacy. From the birth of our republic, we assured ourselves protection against unlawful intrusion into our homes and our personal papers. At the same time, we set up a postal system to enable citizens all over the new nation to engage in commerce and political discourse. Soon after, Congress made it a crime to invade the privacy of the mails. And later we extended privacy protections to new modes of communications such as the telephone, the computer, and eventually email.
The new state-of-the-art class 423 metro train set is the latest result of advanced
European rail research, producing 56% less CO2 than the 35-year-old vehicle it
Procured by Deutsche Bahn, the new train is a lightweight compared to its predecessor,
weighing only 105 tonnes instead of 140.
Reduced dead weight saves some 25% of speciﬁ c energy consumption, while
regenerative braking accounts for further savings of up to 31%.
The Global status report on alcohol and health (2011) presents a comprehensive
perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of
drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States. It represents a
continuing effort by the World Health Organization (WHO) to support Member States in
collecting information in order to assist them in their efforts to reduce the harmful use of
alcohol, and its health and social consequences.
Family poultry is rarely the sole means of livelihood for the family but is one of a number of
integrated and complementary farming activities contributing to the overall well-being of the
household. Poultry provide a major income-generating activity from the sale of birds and eggs.
Occasional consumption provides a valuable source of protein in the diet. Poultry also play an
important socio-cultural role in many societies. Poultry keeping uses family labour, and women
(who often own as well as look after the family flock) are major beneficiaries.