In addition to evidence that gender affects growth, evidence
from the 2000/2001 World Development Report: Attacking Poverty
shows that gender relations affect all aspects of poverty, including
income, opportunity, security, and empowerment.
19 With regard to
income poverty, in some countries, girls in poor families receive
lower quality nutrition, less health care, and poorer education than
20 Likewise, as noted above, female household mem-
bers often have less access to and control over the household’s pro-
ductive resources and income than do male family members.