On behalf of the SB05Tokyo Student Session Organising Committee, I would like to welcome you all
to Tokyo and to the first attempt of a student session in the series of Sustainable Building
Conferences. We initiated this event based on the brief that it could create networks between young
architects and researchers in the field of Sustainable Building, and that the networks could act as an
essential catalyst for forming a better, less unsustainable future.
Much has changed in the 3 years since the first edition of this book.
The physics of heat, light, sound and energy is still the same, so there is
little change in the first three parts. Apart from the correction of a few errors,
a few new developments are mentioned, some new methods are included
and statistics updated.
Part 4 has many new elements that reflect societal changes, especially
changes in public attitudes. Three years ago there were many who denied
global warming or who regarded renewable energy technologies as ‘ kids ’
stuff ’. Today only a few of these survive.
The sustainability and prosperity of the ancient civilizations of China, Egypt, Babylonia,
Phoenicia, Persia and Roma were based on the extensive use of water for human
consumption, crop irrigation, canal navigation and energy generation. Today, the
worldwide scarcity of water and clean energy constitutes a central and critical problem
for the whole humankind. This situation is aggravated as industrial, agricultural
and municipal effl uents reach the water bodies, or the coastal seawater that is used as
feed for desalination plants.
In recent years the topic of environmental management has become very common. In
sustainable development conditions, central and local governments much more often
notice the need of acting in ways that diminish negative impact on environment.
Environmental management may take place on many different levels – starting from
global level, e.g. climate changes, through national and regional level (environmental
policy) and ending on micro level. This publication shows many examples of environmental
Global warming resulting from the use of fossil fuels is threatening the environment
and energy efficiency is one of the most important ways to reduce this threat. Industry,
transport and buildings are all high energy-using sectors in the world and even in the most
technologically optimistic perspectives energy use is projected to increase in the next 50 years.
How and when energy is used determines society’s ability to create long-term sustainable
The medical devices industry is booming. Growth in the industry has not stopped despite
globally fluctuating economies. The main reason for this success is probably the self-sustaining
nature of health care. In essence, the same technology that makes it possible for
people to live longer engenders the need for more health-care technologies to enhance the
quality of an extended lifetime. It comes as no surprise, then, that the demand for trained
medical-device designers has increased tremendously over the past few years.
the Council is chaired by Kurt Roeloffs, Global Chief
investment officer of RREEF Real Estate. patricia Connoll
Director of sustainability at RREEF Real Estate, is Co-Cha
of the Council. Kurt also oversees sustainability research,
strategy, practices, and resources. andrew nelson is a
Director of Research at RREEF Real Estate and leads
RREEF Real Estate’s global research on sustainable
investment practices and industry trends in sustainability.
In this chapter we will discuss: McDonald’s operations strategy, global scope of operations and supply chains, supply chain strategy, operations strategy model, emphasis on operations objectives, linking strategies, environmental and sustainable operations.
Global Scaling Up Handwashing is a Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) project focused on learning
how to apply innovative promotional approaches to behavior change to generate widespread and
sustained improvements in handwashing with soap at scale among women of reproductive age
(ages 15-49) and primary school-aged children (ages 5-9). The project is being implemented by
local and national governments with technical support from WSP. For more information, please visit
The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment was carried out between 2001 and
2005 to assess the consequences of ecosystem change for human well-being
and to establish the scientific basis for actions needed to enhance the conservation
and sustainable use of ecosystems and their contributions to human
The MHS program in Environmental Health
is designed to address the academic and
practice needs of students in the diverse
environmental health field. For some,
it serves as a foundation and provides
direction for further academic training in
medical school or doctoral programs. For
others, the knowledge base it provides
allows them to successfully pursue positions
that incorporate environmental health
perspectives and practice activities.