Glucose levels

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  • Glucose as a source of energy is centrally important to our understanding of life. We investigated the cell division–quiescence behavior of the fission yeastSchizosaccharomyces pombeunder a wide range of glucose concentra-tions (0–111 mM). The mode of S.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Differential temporal profile of lowered blood glucose levels (3.5 to 6.5 mmol/l versus 5 to 8 mmol/l) in patients with severe traumatic brain injury...

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  • The blood glucose test is ordered to measure the amount of glucose in the blood right at the time of sample collection. It is used to detect both hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia, to help diagnose diabetes, and to monitor glucose levels in persons with diabetes. Blood glucose may be measured on a fasting basis (collected after an 8 to 10 hour fast), randomly (anytime), post prandial (after a meal), and/or as part of an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT / GTT). To Prepare • Do not eat or drink anything, including water, after midnight before the test (6h). This includes...

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  • The fundamental treatment and management goals in diabetes mellitus are to control and normalize blood glucose levels and to prevent diabetic complications. It also includes maintaining normal growth and development and normal body weight. Proper diet, regular exercise, weight control and different therapeutic agents are the mainstays of diabetic care and management. Weight reduction and exercise have been shown to improve tissue sensitivity to insulin and allow its proper use by target tissues.

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  • When I started practicing medicine twenty-five years ago, I followed the party line. I recommended calorie counting and low-fat diets for weight loss and was usually disappointed by the results. People just kept gaining weight. Then, in the 1990s, some of my patients started ignoring warnings about fat and cholesterol and going on low-carb diets. The results were astonishing. Folks who had been unsuccessful at losing weight for years started shedding pounds more easily than they thought possible even as they ate generous amounts of rich food.

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  • When plasma volumes are maintained at or near normal levels, turgidity of the blood does not occur and the heart can continue to pump blood to the body surface and extremities, thus assisting heat dissipation and avoiding potential ‘explosive heat death’. Other factors, which play a role in maintaining plasma volume are connected with the attraction of water. Glucose levels rise on dehydration, resulting in hyperglycaemia; the hygroscopic glucose then attracts water to the blood.

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  • Aneja et al. Organic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 2011, 1:15 ORIGINAL Open Access Synthesis of new pyrazolyl-2, 4-thiazolidinediones as antibacterial and antifungal agents Deepak K Aneja1*, Poonam Lohan1, Sanjiv Arora1, Chetan Sharma2, Kamal R Aneja2 and Om Prakash3† Abstract Background: Thiazolidine-2, 4-diones (TZDs) have become a pharmacologically important class of heterocyclic compounds since their introduction in the form of glitazones into the clinical use for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

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  • The bifunctional enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase-6-phospho-gluconolactonase (G6PD-6PGL) found in Plasmodium falciparum has unique structural and functional characteristics restricted to this genus. This study was designed to examine the effects of RNA-mediated PfG6PD-6PGL gene silencing in cultures ofP. falciparumon the expression of para-site antioxidant defense genes at the transcription level.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Level of dietary protein intake affects glucose turnover in endurance-trained men

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  • The crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH) plays an important role in the regulation of hemolymph glucose levels, but it is also involved in other functions such as growth, molting and reproduction. In the present study we describe the first CHH family gene isolated from the Atlantic Ocean shrimp Litopenaeus schmitti.

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  • Fructose 2,6-bisphosphate (Fru-2,6-P2 ) plays an important role in the regulation of major carbohydrate fluxes as both allosteric activator and inhibitor of target enzymes. To examine the role of Fru-2,6-P2in the regulation of hepatic carbohydrate metabolism in vivo,Fru-2,6-P2 levels were elevated in ADM mice with adenovirus-mediated overex-pression of a double mutant bifunctional enzyme, 6-phos-phofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase (n¼6), in comparison to normal control mice (control,n¼6). ...

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  • Insulin is the principal regulatory hormone involved in the tight regulation of fuel metabolism. In response to blood glucose levels, it is secreted by the b cells of the pancreas and exerts its effects by binding to cell surface receptors that are present on virtually all cell types and tissues. In humans, perturbations in insulin function and/or secretion lead to diabetes mellitus, a severe disorder primarily characterized by an inability to maintain blood glucose homeostasis. Furthermore, it is estimated that 90–95% of diabetic patients exhibit resistance to insulin action....

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Formulas Patient-level glucose reporting: averages, episodes, or something in between?

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  • Circulating tumour necrosis factor-a(TNFa) levels, which are elevated in obesity-associated insulin resistance and diabetes, inhibit insulin signalling at several points in the signalling cascade. The liver is critical in maintaining cir-culating glucose levels and, in a preliminary investigation using the human hepatoma (HepG2) cell line in this study, we demonstrated the role of TNFa in the regulation of this phenomenon and determined the underlying molecular mechanisms.

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  • WhenSaccharomyces cerevisiaecells, grown in galactose, glucose or mannose, were treated with 1.5 mMhydrogen peroxide (H2O2) for 30 min, an important decrease in the ATP, and a less extensive decrease in the GTP, CTP, UTP and ADP-ribose levels was estimated. Concomitantly a net increase in the inosine levels was observed. Treatment with 83mMmenadionepromoted theappearanceof acompound similar to adenosine but no appreciable changes in the nucleotide content of yeast cells, grown either in glucose or galactose....

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  • Dietary sugars regulate expression of the intestinal Na + / glucose cotransporter, SGLT1, inmany species.Using sheep intestine as a model, we showed that lumenal monosaccha-rides, both metabolisable and nonmetabolisable, regulate SGLT1 expression. This regulation occurs not only at the level of transcription, but also at the post-transcriptional level. Introduction of D-glucose andsome D-glucose ana-logues into ruminant sheep intestine resultedin 50-fold enhancement of SGLT1 expression.

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  • Hyperglycaemic complications were related to exposure to high glucose levels in plasma, and there were no major studies like the ROSSO and Kaiser studies for urine glucose monitoring. The evidence that plasma glucose monitoring could be replaced by urine glucose monitoring was found to be poor. Although the DiGEM study was published after the evidence cut-off date, it had been identified as potentially important on the basis of earlier information.

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  • McKay, Donald. "Advection and Reactions" Multimedia Environmental Models Edited by Donald McKay Boca Raton: CRC Press LLC,2001 CHAPTER 6 Advection and Reactions 6.1 INTRODUCTION In Level I calculations, it is assumed that the chemical is conserved; i.e., it is neither destroyed by reactions nor conveyed out of the evaluative environment by flows in phases such as air and water. These assumptions can be quite misleading when determining of the impact of a given discharge or emission of chemical.

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  • Optimal conditions for the extraction of black fungus polysaccharides were 350 W, 5, 35 min and 90 ◦C, for ultrasonic power, ratio of water to sample, extraction time and extraction temperature, respectively. Gas chromatography (GC) analysis showed that black fungus polysaccharides contained glucose, xylose, mannose and ribose. Their molar percentages were 6.8%, 34.2%, 50.7% and 8.9%, respectively. FT-IR and NMR analysis showed typical chemical structure of black fungus polysaccharides.

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  • Diabetes represents a major threat to public health with alarmingly rising trends of incidence and severity in recent years, as it appears to correlate closely with emerging patterns of nutrition/diet and behavior/exercise worldwide. The concentration of blood glucose in healthy human subjects is about 90 mg/dl and defines the state of normoglycaemia. Significant and prolonged deviations from this level may give rise to numerous pathologies with serious and extensive clinical impact that is increasingly recognized by current medical practice....

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