Science is a way of making and using observations. The ap-
plications of science have played a central role in the ad-
vancement of civilization.The Latin origin of the word science
(scire) can be translated as “to know.” While some people
might think of scientiﬁc conclusions as unchanging facts, our
understanding is never complete. As the understanding of
nature grows, old ideas that no longer seem to ﬁt our obser-
vations are discarded. The so-called facts of science are often
temporary while the methods of science (observation and
analysis) are permanent....
From John Glenn s mission to orbit Earth to the
International Space Station program, space food
research has met the challenge of providing food
that tastes good and travels well in space. To better understand
this process, we can look back through history.
Explorers have always had to face the problem of how to
carry enough food for their journeys. Whether those
explorers are onboard a sailing ship or on the Space
Shuttle, adequate storage space has been a problem.
At first it may seem odd to find a book about ethics in forensic science
included in a series entitled
Protocols in Forensic Science
. However, we find
it entirely appropriate because the generation of data and the use to which
that data is put fall under the general rubric of good professional practice.
In the introductory volume of this series,
Principles and Practice of Criminalistics:
The Profession of Forensic Science
, we provided a general introduction
to the topic of ethics and accountability.
Permit me in the first place to anticipate the disappointment of any student who opens this book with the idea of finding "wrinkles" on how to draw faces, trees, clouds, or what not, short cuts to excellence in drawing, or any of the tricks so popular with the drawing masters of our grandmothers and still dearly loved by a large number of people. No good can come of such methods, for there are no short cuts to excellence.
The good friend who has so successfully terminated the task which he felt a vocation to undertake thought it
would be of advantage to complete it by presenting to the reader a picture both of my life as a whole and of
the work which it has been given me to accomplish.
The better to accomplish his undertaking, he abstracted from my correspondence, as well as from the long
conversations which we have so often enjoyed together, a great number of those memories of varying
importance which serve as landmarks in life; above all in a life like mine, not exempt from many cares, yet
What is common practice in one culture may not seem so to another. This is as true in the publishing world
as it is anywhere else. If cultural differences create confusion around what constitutes appropriate teamwork
or plagiarism, good science may never make it into publishers’ workflow. Where manuscripts are written
by non-native English speakers, getting to the root of the science presented can be time consuming and
challenging for editors and reviewers who face the task of separating their assessment of the research
from that of the language itself.
Considering the problems we have in communicating with other h~rmans using natural language, it is not clear that we want to recreate these problems in dealing with the computer. While there is some evidence that natural language is useful in communications among humans, there is also considerable evidence that it is neither perfect nor ideal. Natural language is wordy (redundant) and imprecise. Most b,*m,m groups who have a need to communicate quickly and accurately tend to develop a rather well specified subset of natural language that is highly coded and precise in nature.
A good way to collect new words is to keep a word study notebook.
In it, you can record each new word with its definition, pronunciation,
and origins, along with an example sentence or drawing to help you
M arketing Management is the leading marketing text because its content and organization
consistently reflect changes in marketing theory and practice. The very first
edition of Marketing Management, published in 1967, introduced the concept that
companies must be customer-and-market driven. But there was little mention of what have
now become fundamental topics such as segmentation, targeting, and positioning.
In the last decade, scientists began to use signaling molecules such as growth factors in their
quest to restore destroyed tooth support (Anusaksathien & Giannobile, 2002) and this
reason request a very good knowledge of the biological actions of growth factors, both
summative and redundant, in the specific “milieu” of periodontal diseases.
So many slighting remarks have been made of late on the use of teaching grammar as
compared with teaching science, that it is plain the fact has been lost sight of that grammar is
itself a science. The object we have, or should have, in teaching science, is not to fill a child's
mind with a vast number of facts that may or may not prove useful to him hereafter
The chess playing mind does not work like a machine. Selecting a move results from rather chaotic thought processes and is not the logical outcome of applying a rational method.
The only problem with that, says International Master Willy Hendriks, is that most books and courses on improving at chess claim exactly the opposite. The dogma of the chess instruction establishment is that if you only take a good look at certain ‘characteristics’ of a position, then good moves will follow more or less automatically....
Over the course of a few short years, electronic business has advanced from a buzzword to a thriving new channel for the delivery of goods and services and the mediation of financial transactions, shaping the destiny of numerous contemporary enterprises and significantly affecting entire economies worldwide.
Economics is the study of how individuals and societies make choices
subject to constraints. The need to make choices arises from scarcity. From
the perspective of society as a whole, scarcity refers to the limitations placed
on the production of goods and services because factors of production are
finite. From the perspective of the individual, scarcity refers to the limitations
on the consumption of goods and services because of limited of
personal income and wealth.
Materials contained in this book were initially made available on the Englishlanguage
website for a Master’s program at the National Graduate Institute for
Policy Studies (GRIPS) in Tokyo. They were then translated into Japanese and
published in book form for the benefit of Japanese readers in early 2005. However,
it soon became clear that the book was very much wanted by non-Japanese
readers as well. I was approached by foreign students in Japan and publishers
abroad for permission to translate it into other languages including Arabic,
Chinese, and Vietnamese.
Economics is a social science that studies individuals
and organizations engaged in the production, distribution,
and consumption of goods and services.
The goal is to predict economic occurrences and to
develop policies that might prevent or correct such
problems as unemployment, inflation, or waste in the
Selling. What a profession. Why do so many people love selling
so much, whereas others hate even the thought of selling something?
What is it about the topic of selling that causes so many
mixed emotions? Better yet, why are some people so good at it,
and others are always trying to get it right?
Ideally, the first activity provides the necessary know-how for the pursuit of the second, but in practice,
the help it can give is only partial, and the second activity has to fall back on trial and error techniques in
order to achieve its ends. This means that a good chemist is one who not only has a mastery of chemical
theory, but also a good knowledge of chemical facts.
I’VE SPENT 50 YEARS as a lawyer, business advisor, and deal negotiator
for real estate tycoons at the top of the world’s toughest real
estate market—New York City. I’ve represented or negotiated with
great real estate minds like Harry Helmsley, Sam LeFrak, Bill Zeckendorf,
and Donald Trump. It’s been my good fortune to spend many
of the best years of my career as Donald’s right-hand man.