Xem 1-20 trên 63 kết quả Government mandates
  • As an academic who teaches courses on performance measurement and public sector accountability, I continually ask myself, and my students, questions about government performance.

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  • We will continue to identify and integrate pertinent metrics and Kpis related to energy, water, waste and carbon into all aspects of our investment process. to realize this multi- faceted goal, we will continue to increase the share of funds of properties benchmarked in the Greenprint performance index, and will develop an it strategy to collect, store, and report key metrics on an increasingly automated basis.

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  • The Ministry of Women's Affairs (MoWA) was established by the Bonn Agreement and was tasked by the interim and transitional governments of Afghanistan with responsibility for advancing the role of women. Although new as a Ministry, a precedent institution for the promotion of women has existed since 1928, when 'Society for the Protection of Women' was established. As a quasi-government body, the 'Society' has faded or flourished with the changing values of the Afghan political leadership throughout the 20th Century. ...

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  • The federal government’s role in financing and administering these two loan programs differs significantly. Under FFELP, private lenders, such as banks, provide loan capital and the federal government guarantees FFELP lenders a minimum rate of return on the loans they make and repayment if borrowers default.1 Additionally, state-designated guaranty agencies perform a variety of administrative functions in FFELP. Under the Direct Loan Program, federal funds are used as loan capital and are provided through participating schools.

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  • Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health in Malawi: Results from the 2004 National Survey of Adolescents was written by Alister Munthali, the Cen- tre for Social Research, Zomba, Malawi; Eliya M. Zulu and Nyovani Madise, the African Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya; Ann M. Moore, the Guttmacher Institute, New York, USA; Sidon Konyani, the Centre for Social Research, Zomba, Malawi, James Kaphuka, the National Statis- tical Office, Zomba, Malawi; and Dixie Maluwa- Banda, University of Malawi, Chancellor College, Zomba, Malawi.

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  • Our first new result is that risk-based models fit the stock return comove- ments between our portfoliosmuch better than theHeston–Rouwenhorstmodel does. In particular, the APT and a Fama–French (1998) type model with global and regional factors fit the data particularly well. Second, in examining time trends in country return correlations, we find a significant upward trend for stock return correlations only within Europe.

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  • As citizens, Afghan women face constitutional equality but legal inequality. Furthermore, there are great discrepancies between customary law, civil law and Islamic Law - as well as the informal justice system, which tends to grant women even less rights. Years of conflict and violence have further eroded the protection of women's (limited) rights, and a culture of impunity reigns as far as violence is concerned, including violence against women inside and outside the household.

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  • Both international and national agencies have invested in women's programs for almost a decade, and several offer sound field-based experience and have qualified female staff, who worked illegally under burqas and with mahrams throughout the years of women's exclusion from all public life. Such women today represent a new category of working women, many of whom have the important experience of working effectively in rural areas.

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  • Typically, the response rate in a direct marketing campaign is low. It is not unusual to see a response rate of less than 5%. As a result, the size of the “responder” class tends to be much smaller than the size of the “non-responder” class. Such situation where the class distribution is significantly skewed toward one of the classes is commonly known as the class imbalance problem [Jap00]. The more interesting class is usually the smaller class.

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  • To placate the resurgent opposition, the MPPDA promised to abide by a set of guidelines more extensive and restrictive than the simple nostrums enshrined in the “Don’ts and Be Carefuls.” The document that articulated the new commitment to screen morality was the Production Code. Written in 1929 by Martin J. Quigley, an influential editor and publisher of motion picture trade periodicals, and Reverend Daniel A. Lord, a multitalented Jesuit who first lent his spiritual expertise to Hollywood as the Catholic advisor to Cecil B.

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  • The point is that this is nothing like my initial Creative Commons discussion with Tor. That was me sitting down and making the case to editors I've known for years (my editor at Tor, Patrick Nielsen Hayden, has known me since I was 17). My foreign rights are sold by a subcontractor of my representative to a representative of a press I've often never heard of, who then has to explain my publishing philosophy to people I've never met, using a language I don't speak.

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  • After determining the measurement needs of your test system, you can begin architecting your hardware framework. Many test engineers jump straight into matching their measurement needs to instruments available on the market. A better approach is to first pinpoint a suitable test platform that can serve as the core or nucleus of your test system. You can choose from many platforms, most of which are based on one of the four most commonly used instrument backplanes/buses –PXI, GPIB, USB, and LAN.

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  • There is little empirical evidence regarding the responsiveness of individuals to health insurance mandates. Two states (Hawaii and Massachusetts) require many of their employers to provide coverage for employees or face penalties, but the responsiveness to a mandate requiring employers to offer insurance is likely to be different from the reaction to a broader mandate that individual people obtain coverage. Although Massachusetts currently requires adults to have health insurance, that mandate has been in existence for less than four years.

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  • Minimizing the frequency and consequences of iatrogenic infections depends on improving the quality and accessibility of good medical services. Unlike STIs, which rely primarily on behavior change for their prevention, avoiding iatrogenic infections centers on maximizing access to good quality care, and in particular the technical competence of health care providers. It also requires resources and supportive public policy measures and encouragement of prompt health care seeking behavior by individuals.

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  • When mothers and their children are separated, mothers may not see their children again or may lose track of them. Sometimes this is due to the costs involved in arranging their visits to the prison. Other times it is because the mother rejects the relatives taking care of the children or because the mother has lost custody of the child (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2008). These mental and developmental problems tend to stay with children throughout their lives.

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  • This report was written by Peter Hill of the University of Queensland, together with WHO staff members, Dale Huntington and Rebecca Dodd, based on the deliberations of a consultation meeting entitled “Strengthening country office capacity to support sexual and reproductive health in the new aid environment: wrap-up assessment of the 2008–2011 collaborative project”, held in Glion, Switzerland, in March 2011.

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  • On-time payments have a positive influence while late payments have a negative influence. However, the amount of positive influence a consumer receives from a timely payment may vary based on the type of creditor. For example, timely payments to a prime credit card lender may have a greater positive influence on a score than timely payments to a lender considered less favorable, such as a furniture or consumer electronics store.

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  • Four decades have passed since the fi rst edition of this textbook. During the 1960s and 1970s, the Supreme Court waged a campaign to reform the criminal justice system through the selective incorporation of Bill of Rights safeguards into the Fourteenth Amendment. Having constitutionalized criminal procedure, the Supreme Court then elaborated a set of constitutionally mandated restraints on police behavior. The “goodness” or “badness” of a legal precept, nevertheless, depends on how well it works in practice. This can only be known through empirical validation.

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  • One question that arises is the following: how significant in practice is the portion of voluntary buyers? If it is insignificant, it may be acceptable to “push voluntary buyers through” to close the deal while focusing on avoiding non-buyers. To answer this question, a real campaign was carried out (see details in Chapter 7). Instead of contacting all selected customers, a random subset of those selected customers was withheld from contact. It turns out that while the contacted group had a response rate of 5.4%, the not- contacted group had a response rate of 4.3%.

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  • Or consider what our great grandfathers thought about the mountains, which we now consider so scenic. 4 They were 'monstrous excrescences of nature'. 5 God originally made the world a smooth sphere happily habitable for the original humans; but, alas, humans sinned, and the earth was warped in punishment. Thomas Burnet is repelled by these 'ruines of a broken World', 'wild, vast and indigested heaps of Stones and Earth' that resulted when 'con- fusion came into Nature'. 6 John Donne called them 'warts, and pock-holes in the face of th'earth'. 7 Now we know better.

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