As states and local school districts implement more rigorous assessment and accountability systems,
teachers often face long lists of mathematics topics or learning expectations to address at each grade level,
with many topics repeating from year to year. Lacking clear, consistent priorities and focus, teachers stretch to
find the time to present important mathematical topics effectively and in depth.
Mathematics and science are key areas of knowledge for the development of individuals and for the social and economic development of South Africa. In November 2002, about 9000 Grade 8 learners from South African public schools participated in the Trends in International Mathematics...
Number Sense and Numeration, Grades 4 to 6 is a practical guide, in six volumes, that teachers will
find useful in helping students to achieve the curriculum expectations outlined for Grades 4 to 6
in the Number Sense and Numeration strand of The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 1–8: Mathematics,
2005. This guide provides teachers with practical applications of the principles and theories that
are elaborated in A Guide to Effective Instruction in Mathematics, Kindergarten to Grade 6, 2006.