Graduate education

Xem 1-20 trên 187 kết quả Graduate education
  • This study examines the role of master’s education in the natural sciences and whether and how master’s degree programs might be enhanced to bolster our nation’s workforce and our science-based industries. To carry out the study, the National Academies appointed a committee of experts that was charged with exploring and answering, as possible given the data available, the following questions: 1.

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  • The Master of Business Administration (MBA or M.B.A.) is a master’s degree in business administration, which attracts people from a wide range of academic disciplines. As industrialization expanded, the demand to manage businesses grew. The MBA degree is probably the world’s best known and most widely recognized post graduate degree in business management. It is a professional master degree.

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  • ESSAYS ON EDUCATION INVESTMENT, INCOME INEQUALITY, AND ECONOMIC GROWTH Recall, moreover, that this thought experiment assumes a choice coefficient at the upper limit of the confidence interval. At the point estimate, choice reduces the gradient of SAT scores with respect to student quality. The models in Table 1.4 reject a sizable—by any reasonable standard—effect of choice on the test score gradient.

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  • Essays in the Economics of Education A thesis presented The motivation for the empirical approach is a model of the Tiebout marketplace in which housing prices ration access to desirable schools. As is common in multicommunity models, equilibrium is characterized by maximum stratification of families across school districts, with the wealthiest families residing in the most-preferred communities.

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  • ESSAYS ON ENROLLMENT POLICIES IN HIGHER EDUCATION None of the estimates presented in this section supports the hypothesis that effective schools are more likely to attract the best peer groups in markets with fragmented school governance than in those where Tiebout choice is more difficult to exercise.

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  • This paper presents a theoretical analysis of the relative use of general state subsidies (tax finance) and tuition (user charge finance) in the state financing of higher education. State universities across U.S. states are very different among themselves especially in terms of user charges, public finances, and qualities. In this study, we consider only the State Regime in which the state government decides the user charge, head tax, and expenditure, taking the minimum ability of students as given and the state university simply is treated as a part of government.

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  • MARKETING HIGHER EDUCATION: APPLYING A CONSUMPTION VALUE MODEL TO COLLEGE CHOICE Chapter One develops this idea and implements tests of the hypothesis that school effectiveness is an important determinant of residential choices among local-monopoly school districts. I model a “Tiebout”-style housing market in which house prices ration access to desirable schools, which may be desirable either because they are particularly effective or because they enroll a desirable set of students.

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  • The Market for Higher Education: Economic Analyses of College Choice , Returns , and State Aid Policy A thesis Present I find suggestive evidence, however, that her estimates, from a sample of public school students, are upward biased by selection into private schools. Moreover, an investigation of the sampling variability of Hoxby’s estimates leads to the conclusion that her standard errors are understated, and that even her own point estimates of the competitive effect are not significantly different from zero....

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  • THE RATE OF RETURN TO EDUCATION AND THE GENDER EARNINGS DIFFERENTIAL : A COMPARISON OF THE UNITED STATES AND THE REPULIC OF IRELAND I am very much indebted to David Card, for limitless advice and support throughout my graduate school career. The research here has benefited in innumerable ways from his many suggestions, as have I. It is hard to imagine a better advisor.

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  • WAGE RETURNS FOR POST -SECONDARY EDUCATION: A COMPARISON FOR SELECTED PROGRAMS BY LEVELS OF EDUCATION AND INDUSTRY TYPE The potential effects of school choice programs depend critically on what characteristics parents value in schools. Hanushek, for example, notes that parents might not choose effective schools over others that are less effective but offer “pleasant surroundings, athletic facilities, [and] cultural advantages,” (1981, p. 34). To the extent that parents choose productive schools, market discipline can induce greater productivity from school administrators and teachers.

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  • The Social Return to Education Since model (1) excludes school resources, the term x jγ potentially captures both conventional peer group effects and other indirect effects associated with the family background characteristics of students at school j . For example, wealthy parents may be more likely to volunteer in their children’s schools, or to vote for increased tax rates to support education

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  • FACTORS INFLUENCING ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT STUDENTS IN THAI PRIVATE HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS This idea forms the basis of my empirical strategy. In essence, I compare the sorting parameter θ * in equation (3) across metropolitan housing markets with greater and lesser degrees of residential school choice. Let θ =θ(c,δ)= E[θ *|c,δ] be the average effectiveness sorting of markets characterized by the parameters c and δ , where c is the degree of jurisdictional competition (i.e.

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  • CHIlD LABOR IN VIETNAM: THE RELATIVE IMPORTANCE OF POVERTY. RETURNS TO EDUCATION. LABOR MOB ILTTY. AND CREDIT CONSTRAINTS A Model of Tiebout Sorting on Exogenous Community Attributes In this section, I build a formal model of the Tiebout sorting process described above. As my interest is in the demand side of the market under full information, I treat the distribution of school effectiveness as exogenous and known to all market participants.

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  • Essays in Macroeconomics and the Economics of Higher Education In single-MSA regressions of test scores on student characteristics, the above arguments imply greater attenuation of the peer group coefficient in MSAs with less stratified schools. As choice is positively correlated with stratification, this produces a tendency toward larger estimated coefficients (i.e. less bias toward zero) in high-choice MSAs.

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  • EDUCATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH; A CAUSAL ANALYSIS It similarly seems unlikely that parents have zero concern for peer group. In the presence of direct or indirect peer effects on student learning, parents would be irrational to ignore peer group in their evaluations of schools, and anecdotal evidence suggests that they do not do so.

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  • Essays on Economics of Education While it is possible that parents use the demographic data in this way, it seems more likely that home buyers prefer wealthier neighborhoods, even conditional on average student performance (Downes and Zabel, 1997).7

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  • Three essays consider implications of the strong association between student background characteristics and academic performance. Chapter One considers the incentives that school choice policies might create for the efficient management of schools. These incentives would be diluted if parents prefer schools with desirable peer groups to those with inferior peers but better policies and instruction. I model a “Tiebout choice” housing market in which schools differ in both peer group and effectiveness.

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  • TREE ESSAYS ON ECONOMICS OF EDUCATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES This could be because effectiveness is swamped by the peer group in parental preferences or because it is difficult to observe directly. In either case, administrators who pursue unproductive policies are unlikely to be disciplined by parental exit and Tiebout choice can create only weak incentives for productive school management.

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  • AN INQUIRY ll’TO THE EFFECTS OF PERSONALITY VARIABLES ON THE ECONOMIC RETURN TO EDUCATION The potential efficiency-enhancing effects of increased Tiebout choice operate through the assumption that parents prefer schools with j μ -promoting policies. To the extent that this is true, Tiebout choice induces a positive correlation between j μ and j x , since high- i x families will outbid lower- i x families for homes near the most preferred schools.

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  • CHOICE IN HIGHER EDUCATION: COLLEGE MAJORS. FINANCIAL AID. AND TRANSITION TO THE LABOR MARKET The argument above, supported by the theoretical model developed in the next section, predicts that ∂ 0 ∂ c θ for moderate values of δ but that ∂ = 0 ∂ c θ when δ is zero or large (i.e. when parents care only about effectiveness or only about peer group).

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