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  • Health care spending has exceeded economic growth in every recent decade. Over the last four decades, the average growth in health spending has exceeded the growth of the economy as a whole by between 1.1 and 3.0 percentage points (Figure 2). Since 1970, health care spending per capita has grown at an average annual rate of 8.2% or 2.4 percentage points faster than nominal GDP. The persistence of this trend suggests systematic differences between health care and other economic sectors where growth rates are typically more in line with the overall economy. A smaller difference is...

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  • It would be possible to create a score for each respondent from the factor analysis, and this approach is widely considered to be good practice when scoring complex data 13 . However, there is also a strong argument for giving each component of financial knowledge equal weighting, as each has benefits for individuals, and each has been identified as important by international experts.

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  • Others are more avowedly ‘political’ or polemical in intent. The ‘artistic’ and the ‘political’ are far from separate categories, however. Formal experiment and departure from dominant conventions is, potentially, a major resource for the deconstruction of dominant ideologies.

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  • Sometimes, especially during or soon after treatment, you may not feel like eating. You may be uncomfortable or tired. You may find that foods do not taste as good as they used to. In addition, the side effects of treatment (such as poor appetite, nausea, vomiting, or mouth sores) can make it hard to eat well. Your doctor, a registered dietitian, or another health care provider can suggest ways to deal with these problems. Also, the NCI booklet Eating Hints for Cancer Patients has many useful ideas and recipes. Page 46 tells how to get NCI booklets.

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  • We examine the competition between a group of Internet retailers who operate in an environment where a price search engine plays a dominant role.We show that for some products in this environment, the easy price search makes demand tremendously pricesensitive. Retailers, though, engage in obfuscation—practices that frustrate consumer search or make it less damaging to firms—resulting in much less price sensitivity on some other products. We discuss several models of obfuscation and examine its effects on demand and markups empirically.

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  • When consumers buy products like for instance food products, they make choices by comparing price and quality among alternatives|e.g. a standard product and an animal-welfare oriented variant. The choice between product variants is influenced by the available information channels and the related uncertainty of information concerning di erent quality characteristics.

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  • Many soils which have received manure or synthetic applications over a number of years contain relatively high levels of soil phosphorus. In soils which have not been so fertilized, phosphorus levels may be low. Rock powders suc as colloidal phosphate and rock phosphate can be applied to build up the phosphorus-supplying power of a soil over time. However, these products become available to plants very slowly, and cannot be relied upon to supply adequate phosphorus to a crop the year of application when soil level of phosphorus are low.

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  • Investing in higher-risk, illiquid, targeted investments are part of an active portfolio and are more time-intensive than a passively managed portfolio. As such, pension funds that have adopted formal policies limit their total investments in this category to two percent of total assets in line with their broader strategic asset allocation policy. Pension funds seek portfolio diversification through a strategic asset allocation policy in which the fund or its consultants set a target percentage to each asset class—traditional and alternative investments.

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  • The pelvic adnexae include the ovaries and fallopian tubes. In general, ovaries increase in size throughout childhood, plateau in adulthood, then de- crease in size in the postmenopausal period (5). Postmenopausal ovary size is affected by the number of years since menopause and the quantity of prior pregnancies (6); however, ovaries should not be palpable in a woman who is two or more years beyond menopause, and such a finding should prompt fur- ther evaluation with transvaginal ultrasound.

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  • The organized work of those elements needs the proper functioning of each element separately (so for teacher projects: teachers, principal of the school, school health personnel, policy makers in the education sector; parent projects: parents of pupils of the school, community leaders etc; pupil projects: all pupils of the school). If there is a weak teachers’ project it will be difficult to achieve the objectives; the same if there is a weak pupils’ projects or parents’ project.

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  • Assemble focus groups of patrons and potential patrons to discuss the library’s Web gateway. Since information searching can vary widely, you’ll want to schedule targeted focus groups based on market segment (e.g. parents with young children, young adults, seniors, etc.). Send invitations and follow up by phone until you’ve confirmed at least a dozen people. Have your discussion questions ready (broad, open-ended questions such as “What kinds of questions do you use the Internet to answer?”) and be prepared to demonstrate the gateway and its resources.

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  • In this paper, we assess whether boosting minority car-ownership rates would narrow inter-racial employment rate differentials. We pursue two empirical strategies. First, we explore whether the effect of auto ownership on the probability of being employed is greater for more segregated groups of workers. Exploiting the fact that African-Americans are considerably more segregated from whites than are Latinos, we estimate car-employment effects for blacks, Latinos, and whites and test whether these effects are largest for more segregated groups.

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  • Well-Defined Currency. Almost all previously de- ployed computational markets have used a virtual cur- rencies instead of real cash. The low barrier to utiliza- tion and low stakes in case of deployment error make simple closed virtual currencies attractive to developers. In these scenarios, it is all too easy to skip the monetary policy considerations that make currencies work. For all of their bootstrapping advantages, virtual cur- rencies require initial thought and ongoing care to func- tion properly.

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  • User benefits are derived from valuing traveler impact measurements such as changes in person hours traveled or vehicle hours traveled (VHT), person miles traveled or vehicle miles traveled (VMT), and safety and reliability improvements. Unit costs are then applied to these metrics to derive the direct user benefits. (Examples of unit costs are the vehicle operation expenditures per mile or hour, the value of time per hour, and the costs of accidents per incident, by type.

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  • The congresses (sometimes called general assemblies, conventions, conferences etc.) alternate between venues within their region or the world either on a fixed rotation or by invitation. They can be held annually, or every two, three, four or even five years and a whole industry has been built up around the association meetings segment as their economic attractiveness has become apparent to destinations globally.

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  • This study’s emphasis on mid-sized poultry processors emerged from a larger, national study examining the plight of similar sized agricultural operations in the U.S., past, present and future. Since 2003, a task force of academics, agricultural extension workers and others has focused on studying a sector of agriculture in the U.S. referred to as ‘Agriculture of the Middle’. This sector comprises a group of businesses owned by farmers, ranchers, processors and other entrepreneurs.

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  • These cancers commonly appear on sun-exposed areas of the body such as the face, ears, neck, lips, and backs of the hands. They can also develop in scars or chronic skin sores elsewhere. They sometimes start in actinic keratoses (described below). Less often, they form in the skin of the genital area. Squamous cell carcinomas tend to grow and spread more than basal cell cancers. They are more likely to invade fatty tissues just beneath the skin, and are more likely to spread to lymph nodes and/or distant parts of the body, although this is still uncommon. Keratoacanthomas...

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  • Credit awarded to students for research toward completion of a research project, or a degree thesis or dissertation. This credit allows measure of the expected amount of work and the resources used, while the student actually earns zero degree credit hours. The benefit obtained is primarily to account for the resources provided, to use in reporting to governments, and in maintaining the students’ financial aid position. Example: Senior Research Project, Master’s Thesis, Doctoral Dissertation....

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  • Statistics alone do not tell us why mortality or coverage rates are rising or falling, nor suggest which policy responses are appropriate. Chapters 2-7 of this report look beyond the target-by-target information and attempt to identify trends, successes, and failures which are currently affecting the health sector as a whole. Some of the challenges are fundamental, and characteristic of poverty and lack of development in general, although many are specific to health.

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  • Practising investor relations will not automatically guarantee a company heightened profile, easy access to capital, liquidity in its shares or a fair share price. Naturally, other factors outside and in addition to a company’s own activities, such as the economic situation, a company’s fundamentals, confidence in its management team, the availability of shares and competition for investors’ money, can have an impact on how a company is perceived, funded, traded and valued by the market.

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