Xem 1-20 trên 37 kết quả Greatest weight
  • Shleifer and Vishny (1997) elaborate on this point and suggest that the benefits from concentrated ownership are relatively larger in countries that are generally less developed, where property rights are not well defined and/or protected by judicial systems.

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  • The use of industrially manufactured nitrogen (N) fertilizers increased rapidly in developed countries between 1960 and 1980. This facilitated a large increase in the production of feed and food grains (maize, wheat, and rice) per unit of cultivated land, but in some regions it also contributed to enrichment of surface and groundwater with various forms of nitrogen. Fertilizer, however, is not the only source of nitrogen that can cause contamination of surface waters.

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  • It must be noted that on 12 July 2010 the Commission proposed the extension of investor compensation schemes to cover investors in UCITS. The amendments to Directive 97/9/EC aimed to cover situations where a depositary is liable for the loss of assets of UCITS but is not able to cover its liabilities. This should serve as an additional means to increase the protection for investors in UCITS. However, at this stage this proposal has not been accepted by the Council and is subject to further negotiations.

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  • A banking entity may invest in or sponsor a covered fund if (i) the banking entity is not directly or indirectly controlled by a U.S. banking entity; 53 (ii) the banking en- tity is a “foreign banking organization,” or, if not a foreign banking organization, meets at least two of the following tests: (a) total non-U.S. assets exceed total U.S. assets; 54 (b) total non-U.S. revenues exceed total U.S. revenues; 55 and (c) total non-U.S. income exceeds total U.S. income; (iii) no ownership interests in the covered fund are of- fered or sold to a U.S.

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  • The ubiquitous learning activity in the present study was held at the Taipei Zoo. The Taipei Zoo is one of the main Natural Science Education centres in Taiwan, where people can acquire knowledge about animals and nature. Since the topic of the learning activity was related to animals, it was more appropriate for learners to learn in the zoo. Learning in the zoo enabled learners to experience an experiential learning. With the...

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  • In this paper, we employ the bias-adjusted matching estimator developed by Abadie and Imbens (2006), which overcomes this difficulty. The matching estimator analysis maps the multiple matching variables into a single number that measures the distance to the observation to be matched and selects as control observations those with the lowest value for this distance. Matching estimators, therefore, make it possible to use several matching variables simultaneously.

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  • Regardless of the motivation, sponsor behavior observed through these support instances suggests that while the costs can be significant, the perceived benefits at the time of support were greater to most fund sponsors. Understanding both the significance to the sponsor and their motivations would be important in making judgments as to whether investors should reasonably expect this model to continue, as it is possible that the sponsor value proposition could shift, especially where necessary support amounts are large. ...

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  • Global warming is theenvironmental issue of the twenty-first century. Many believe it ranks with war and poverty as one of the greatest challenges to human well-being. But unlike war and poverty, which humanity has confronted for millennia, global warming is a recent concern. And unlike war and poverty, global warming is mainly a pro-spective threat and one that can in principle be met with pre-emptive action.

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  • A second source for private sector expenditure on R&D is the “EU Industrial R&D Investment Scoreboard”, which has been conducted by the Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS) that is part of the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission. The annual Scoreboard presents information on the world’s top 1400 companies ranked by their investments in R&D. It contains data drawn from companies’ accounts, most recently for the fiscal year 2009. 16 R&D indicators, such as R&D intensity, vary in line with the business cycle.

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  • Leadership is one of the most important and essential factors in good project management. Leadership can be seen as the art of influencing others to achieve desired results. Leaders guide behaviors by setting the vision, direction and the key processes; in other words, leadership has a large influence on the whole project process, including the actions of others. Jack Welch, previous CEO of General Electric, is reported to have called his direct reports together one day and issued a three word dictum: “Don’t manage! Lead!”(Slater, 1998).

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  • Since each retailer has a monopoly power through the captive consumers, the strategies employed in the oligopolistic equilibrium depend on the pricing behavior of a hyphotetical monopolist facing the captive consumers. Before proceeding to solving the oligopoly model we will illustrate the optimal behavior of the consumers facing any price pair and, subsequently, pro t-maximizing strategy of the monopolist.

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  • Fourth, this study applies new methodologies which have never been applied to emerging markets. For instance, Chapter 5 explores the determinants of risk-adjusted mutual fund performance using multidimensional regression in addition to the common approach, which is to use a zero-cost trading strategy. This alternative methodology can explore several factors simultaneously while controlling the effect between one and another. Using the two methods allows us to examine determinants of fund performance statistically and economically and it provides more meaningful results.

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  • Use of vocabulary is an important aspect of academic writing. Again, following Storch and Tapper (2009), we examined the occurrences of vocabulary in the Academic Word List (AWL) developed by Coxhead (2000). The AWL consists of 570 word families derived from a corpus of academic texts drawn from our ‘sub- corpora’ from arts, commerce, law, and science (see Coxhead, 2000 for details). These words are academic words that are found across disciplines and comprise 9-10% of an academic text (Storch & Tapper, 2009).

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  • However, this model is complicated by the fact that conflicts often occur in mixed-motive relationships where the involved parties both have cooperative and competitive goals and Mitchell’s model seems to have neglected this pluralistic/multifaceted/more complex dimension to the relationship. The competitive element creates conflict and the cooperative element creates incentives to negotiate an agreement. There are, however, studies that confirm that conflicts tend to occur even when the involved parties have highly compatible goals.

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  • Identify and quantity all benefits associated with the final product of the project. Attempt to put a financial value on each benefit, so that the benefits are tangible. During project scoping Critical Requirements Analysis will have identified and qualified the major requirements. The technique requires that "Performance Criteria" and "Performance Levels" be identified for each Critical Performance Area (CPA). The major requirements will be identified and associated with the corresponding CPAs.

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  • Many distributed storage systems achieve high data access through- put via partitioning and replication, each system with its own ad- vantages and tradeoffs. In order to achieve high scalability, how- ever, today’s systems generally reduce transactional support, disal- lowing single transactions fromspanning multiple partitions. Calvin is a practical transaction scheduling and data replication layer that uses a deterministic ordering guarantee to significantly reduce the normally prohibitive contention costs associated with distributed transactions.

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  • Additional examples further illustrate the benefit of this tool.

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  • The changes to the spectrum management framework that are presented in the redeployment plan follow the guiding principles established in the Spectrum Policy 30-896 MHz, Part II, issued in April, 95 and the consultation with the Radio Advisory Board of Canada. The Department will use several spectrum management tools, including policy, equipment certification and authorization provisions, to achieve the redeployment objectives. Also, the plan provides incentives for voluntary early deployment of more spectrum efficient technologies, i.e.

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  • During the year of this study, I taught three sections of English with a total of 61 students. A wide range of my students’ abilities and the presence of English Language Learners (ELL) in my classroom presented me with many challenges. Components of my instruction included the Houghton-Mifflin textbook series, Daily Oral Language, traditional grammar activities, and other supplemental materials. After several weeks of instruction I was disappointed in my students’ inability to demonstrate proper writing skills.

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  • As we noted in our October 1990 report on nonpoint source pollution, obtaining data on this type of pollution is especially problematic and costly because the sources are diffuse and the pollution from these sources can be episodic, Project officials have been able to offset this problem, to some degree, by ensuring that any trades clearly result in water quality improvements. Under the DilIon Reservoir project, for example, point source dischargers earn 1...

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