Xem 1-20 trên 113 kết quả Group regulation
  • This book examines general changes in the regulation of the health professions in the United Kingdom from a social scientific perspective. It also considers the historical and contemporary development of regulation for a selection of key occupational groups in this context, with reference to wider debates about the health professions. Interest in new approaches to regulation was prompted by the fact that, by the late 1990s, a number of important shifts were taking place in relation to such groups in this country. These included the following trends.

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  • This report assesses the state of current knowledge about the likely effects of the Federal Communications Commission's (FCC's) restrictions on the ownership of broadcasting stations and cable TV systems, to reach judgments about the desirability of modifying or eliminating existing FCC ownership regulations. It examines the evidence on the effects of group ownership of broadcast stations, concent......

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  • Most of the chapters in this volume were presented as papers at a small research conference held in 2001 at the Kellogg School of Management of Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois. The purpose of this conference was to explore new ideas about the psychology of leadership, an important and long-enduring research topic within the field of social psychology. It was the opinion of the editors of this book and the conveners of the conference that the social psychological study of leadership had launched off into several new, interesting, and important directions....

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  • Cancers of the endometrium, ovary and cervix share certain characteristics. However, etio-pathogenesis of all the gynecological malignancies is yet to be explored. Even though the etiologic factors are generally environmental, the exact cause of each gynecological cancer is not known (Senate Community Affairs References Committee, Commonwealth of Australia, 2006). Worldwide, cancer incidence rates vary widely between different geographic regions and ethnic groups.

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  • Several industries will need to contribute to successfully achieve this renewable resources vision. The Executive Steering Group therefore turned to a broad range of disciplines, including crop production, forestry, genomics, chemical processing, fermentation, industrial enzymes, materials science, biotechnology, plant physiology, and product manufacturing. The steering group sought input on key barriers, research goals, and interactions among related areas from more than 120 scientific experts and marketing professionals.

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  • During the conflict and civil war in the 1980s and 1990s, particularly between 1992 and 1995, armed factions turned the traditional norms of honor and shame into weapons of war, engaging in rape and sexual assault against women of opposing groups as an ultimate means of dishonoring entire communities and reducing people's capacities to resist military advances.2 In response, concerns about women's security led to the imposition of ever stricter interpretations of what constitutes socially acceptable behavior, supported by the most conservative reading of the holy scriptures.

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  • Clients in the system specify an interest in the type of events that they are interested in. Some examples of interests specified by clients could be sports events or events sent to a certain discussion group. It is the system, which computes the clients that should receive a certain event. A particular event may thus be consumed by zero or more clients registered with the system. Events have explicit or implicit information pertaining to the clients which are interested in the event.

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  • The study also offers an auxiliary performance measure to capture this effect and assesses how important it is to mutual fund performance in Thailand. The fourth aim of this thesis is to investigate and discuss policy implications in Thailand which adopt tax-advantaged types of mutual fund in order to encourage retirement and long-term savings. In this thesis, the performance and characteristics of these tax- advantaged funds are also investigated in a separate group and compared to those of general mutual funds. ...

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  • Carmago et al. (1992) found that the rivers nearer industrial discharge point have adverse impact to the environment as well as to macrobenthic communities. Toxic contaminants from surface runoff, sewage discharges and industrial discharge have caused negative impacts towards the freshwater macrobenthic communities. The presence of substance chemical such as ammonia, chlorine, cyanide, metals, PCBs, pesticides and phenols would caused a decline pattern on the number of species and changes in the species composition.

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  • The Current State and Trends assessment presents the findings of the Condition and Trends Working Group of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. This volume documents the current condition and recent trends of the world’s ecosystems, the services they provide, and associated human well-being around the year 2000. Its primary goal is to provide decision-makers, ecosystem managers, and other potential users with objective information and analyses of historical trends and dynamics of the interaction between ecosystem change and human well-being.

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  • The expert interviews served as a complement to the information from the literature review and the questionnaire, about the overview and application of financing mechanisms. In general, the interviews focused on identifying types and examples of innovative financing mechanisms.

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  • FOR NEARLY 30 YEARS after the discovery of auxin in 1927, and more than 20 years after its structural elucidation as indole-3-acetic acid, Western plant scientists tried to ascribe the regulation of all developmental phenomena in plants to auxin. However, as we will see in this and subsequent chapters, plant growth and development are regulated by several different types of hormones acting individually and in concert. In the 1950s the second group of hormones, the gibberellins (GAs), was characterized.

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  • Yet the shift towards health-systems strengthening and its support through the International Health Partnership (IHP+) and other related initiatives offer a framework within which SRH may be more broadly addressed. The support offered to ministries of health by the UNFPA and WHO country offices has been marked by greater collaboration and a stronger functional focus. This has been achieved through harmonization of activities in the United Nations Development Assistance Framework, and by practical engagement of technical working groups and similar structures for SRH.

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  • The author and his students have attempted in every way to ensure that the informa- tion contained in this text is accurate and up-to-date; however, laws, regulations, and case decisions are being modified and changing virtually on a daily basis. To this end, it is imperative that safety professionals research and acquire the assistance of local counsel prior to depending solely on the information in this text.

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  • Regulated industries such as telecommunications, transportation, and electric power have always had numerous “cross-subsidies” embedded in their rate structures. To promote “universal service” or just to sat- isfy the demands of politically influential consumer groups, state and federal regulatory agencies have set rates for some services at levels below the costs of supplying them and other rates at levels commensurately higher than costs of supply.

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  • Microfinance institutions have been affected by the adverse macro-economic conditions during the global financial and economic crisis, generally through significantly higher bad debt rates among their clients and in some cases through increased difficulties in accessing external sources of funding.

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  • Private health insurance has offered a primary source of coverage for population groups ineligible to public programmes, and contributed to provide insurance protection against other public system coverage gaps. It has helped to inject resources into health systems, enabling an expansion in capacity and services. It also enhanced access to timely care in some systems experiencing prolonged public sector waiting times.

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  • To effectively perform their respective functions, all stakeholders, in particu- lar, governments, need access to accurate and up-to-date information on opportunities, actual transfers, and the technical and economic impact of large investments. In many cases, lack of such information makes it difficult to identify and utilize opportunities, ensure a level playing field, and enforce regulation and contracts properly.

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  • Increasingly consumer pull for drugs is being created indirectly also by Internet promotion, and perhaps more questionably by partnerships with patient support groups. The impact of the Internet Consumers are able to purchase all kinds of prescription drugs online often without need for a prior prescription. Research conducted by Bloom (1999) showed that most Internet pharmacies provide poor quality information, fail to have adequate safeguards to ensure medicines are dispensed correctly, and also charge more for both products and services.

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  • At an international Consensus Conference held in 1991 at the offices of the International Olympic Committee in Lausanne, a small group of experts conducted a comprehensive review of the available information and concluded that ‘Diet significantly influences athletic performance’. This statement is unequivocal: what we eat and drink, how much we consume and when it is consumed can all have positive or negative effects on performance in training and in competition.

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