The mass media proclaimed the above as the new millennium began. Acad-
emics and professionals have been holding conferences about it for a while
now. Designers themselves have insisted on it all along. But what, exactly,
does that statement mean? A proliferation of hip hotels and award-winning
potato peelers do not an era make.
For this analysis it is useful to distinguish between roadway rehabilitation and expansion
projects (Troth 2009). There is little controversy concerning the value of basic roadway
rehabilitation, sometimes called fix it first (NGA 2004) or asset management (“Asset
Management,” VTPI 2008). However, there is growing debate over the value of urban
highway expansion (new road links, additional traffic lanes, expanded intersections, etc.)
because they tend to induce additional vehicle travel and stimulate more dispersed,
automobile-oriented land use development (sprawl).
In some specialized businesses, there may also be licenses required, either due to special laws that govern entry into certain trades, occupations or professions, which may require special education, or by local governments. Professions that require special licenses range from law and medicine to flying airplanes to selling liquor to radio broadcasting to selling investment securities to selling used cars to roofing. Local jurisdictions may also require special licenses and taxes just to operate a business without regard to the type of business involved.
In popular usage the term ‘profession’ has a wide variety of connotations,
spanning from a highly skilled and specialized job to any fulltime work from
which income is derived (Freidson 1986). The boundaries of interpretation are
narrower in sociology, but sociologists have also still to reach agreement about
the meaning of the term ‘profession’ and the related question of which
occupations are to count as professions.
The purpose of this book is to share with science and health professions educators
the exciting discoveries that are being made by the application of team-based learning
(TBL) to the special challenges of modern medical education.
Professors in these disciplines everywhere face three daunting challenges. First, an
enormous amount of information must be learned, and it keeps growing. Second,
students must learn how to use and apply that information in contexts that vary
enormously between clinical cases and populations of cases.
Welcome to the second edition of Co-Active Coaching. It is an extraordinary
experience to look back and see how much the world of coaching
has changed in just a few short years. Back in 1998 when the first edition
was published, if you told people you were a coach, their automatic
response would likely have been, “Oh? What sport?” Today, the
profession of coaching as we know it is widespread, familiar to most,
and growing continuously. In our view, it is the demand and desire for
coaching that is pulling the profession ever more deeply into the world.
Organizational coaching is a premier personal and professional development
method in which the coach guides another individual toward the achievement
of specifi c goals. In fact, coaching has become the fastest-growing
human resource profession over the past two decades. A variety of people
function as coaches—for example, managers, mentors, and “professional”
coaches, such as certifi ed coaches, human resource personnel, trainers, psychologists,
and organizational consultants.
It seems that we hear news reports of disasters in IVF clinics almost
weekly. Public concern over these reports has resulted in governments
introducing regulation of IVF labs around the world, and within our
profession there is a growing recognition of the need for accreditation
of IVF labs to ensure that the potential for such errors occurring is
The history of sleep medicine and sleep research can be
summarized as a history of remarkable progress and, at
the same time, a history of remarkable ignorance. Since
the publication of the second edition in 1999 enormous
progress has been made in all aspects of sleep science
and sleep medicine. I am pleased to see these rapid
advances in sleep medicine and growing awareness about
the importance of sleep and its dysfunction amongst the
public and the profession.
While there is life--and fruit--there is hope. When this truth is realised by the laity nine hundred and
ninety-nine out of every thousand professors of the healing art will be obliged to abandon their profession and
take to fruit-growing for a living.
Many people have heard vaguely of the "grape cure" for diseases arising from over-feeding, and the lemon
cure for rheumatism, but for the most part these "cures" remain mere names. Nevertheless it is almost
The sentiment unquestionably was his own which Sir Walter Scott made delightful Di Vernon express when,
with indignant surprise, she asked Frank Osbaldistone of what his father could have been thinking, that he had
been permitted to grow up without any knowledge of Heraldry. Sir Walter was right in his estimate of the high
value of Heraldry as an element of education: and, in professing herself a votaress of the Herald's "gentle
science," it was quite right in Di Vernon to suggest to other ladies that it would be well for them if Heraldry
should find favour in their eyes also.