Popular American ﬁlms penetrate nearly every aspect of contemporaryWestern life, and to
an only somewhat lesser degreemost all cultures of the world. Historically, there are powerful
sociological, cultural, economic, and even political reasons for this, but we would also argue
thatHollywood-style ﬁlmhas evolved so that ﬁlmmakers havemore control over the attention
of ﬁlmgoers (Smith 2006) and, in essence, the humanmind. One source of evidence concerns
the changing pattern of shot lengths.
Since car-sharing is beneficial to society in a variety of ways, it is felt that public authorities
should provide those engaged in cars-sharing with certain benefits. At the same time, a
number of quality requirements are clearly needed in order to ensure that the benefits have the
desired effect wi thout this being misused, and that car-sharing contribute in a genuine way to
the goals of society.
When there are frictions in setting nominal wages, however, a
targeting central bank, seeing this drift down in inﬂation, cuts the interest rate to
keep inﬂation on target. In our model, this cut in the interest rate triggers a credit
boom and makes the economic expansion much bigger than is socially optimal. In a
situation like this, a central bank that ‘leans against the wind’ when credit expands
sharply would raise welfare by reducing the magnitude of the boom-bust cycle....
Pathfinder’s HIV/AIDS response in Kenya has been so successful that our community home-based care
training curriculum has been adopted by the government to train all CHWs in the country since 2001.
Pathfinder’s university-based peer education project has been running continuously in Kenya since 1988 and has
successfully integrated HIV/AIDS prevention information into its educational program.
The recent boom has focused world attention on the GCC economies—not only as exporters of oil and
gas, but as investment destinations with major infrastructure projects, booming tourism and financial
services sectors. As US economic growth has slowed, GCC investors have begun to diversify their assets
more widely, making investments in Asia, Africa and within the Gulf region itself.
There is more direct evidence of domestication of the South American camelids than of
the old world ones. The archaeological evidence suggests that llama and alpaca were
domesticated at very high altitudes of 4000 to 5000 m in the Andes of southern Peru and
western Bolivia. An approximate time of first domestication would be about 6000 years
BP. This period has been based on changes in the type of molar teeth and the increasing
numbers of bones of young as compared to old animals found at archaeological sites. ...
Scientists do not know exactly what causes most adrenal cortical tumors. Over the past
few years, they have made great progress in understanding how certain changes in a
person's DNA can cause cells in the adrenal gland to become cancerous. DNA is the
molecule that carries the instructions for nearly everything our cells do. We usually look
like our parents because they are the source of our DNA. However, DNA affects more
than the way we look. It also determines our risk for developing certain diseases,
including some types of cancer.
Development initiatives in the past have emphasized genetic improvement, usually through
the introduction of exotic genes, arguing that improved feed would have no effect on indigenous
birds of low genetic potential. There is a growing awareness of the need to balance the rate of
genetic improvement with improvement in feed availability, health care and management. There
is also an increased recognition of the potential of indigenous breeds and their role in converting
locally available feed resources into sustainable production.
If camels and other stock can be based far away from a water source, the total area
available for grazing is greatly increased, the stocking rate can be lowered and the
dangers of environmental degradation are reduced. In simple terms, a doubling of the
interval between successive visits to water results in a four-fold increase in the area
available for pasture, with a corresponding reduction in grazing pressure. More
especially, the time period between successive waterings has an important bearing on the
carrying capacity and the degradation risk of a given area.
Brazilian shipbuilding industry, the main representative of this industry in Latin
America, has been very active during the 70s and 80s. Afterwards it has experimented a
deep decline. The main preserved construction niche was devoted to supply boats for
offshore operations. More recently, due to a political decision from the federal
government, most of the orders for offshore platforms and large ocean ships have been
placed in the national shipyards.
Nutrition is taught in each and every grade from kindergarten through
tenth grade in over 90 percent of all public schools; it is taught in
eleventh and twelfth grades in over 80 percent of schools (figure 1 and
table 2). These statistics do not reflect the proportion of students
participating at each grade level, but give a broad overview of
nutrition education offerings. The percent of schools with nutrition
education requirements is substantially lower at each grade level than
the percent of schools that teach nutrition.
The retirement crisis is directly attributable to the
failure of the “three-legged stool” of retirement security.
Traditionally, defined benefit pension plans (“pensions”),
personal savings, and Social Security were seen as the three
pillars creating a solid foundation for our retirement system.
Each should play an important role in supporting people
in old age. However, the stool, never sturdy, has become
increasingly wobbly as pensions have disappeared and the
middle class is finding it harder and harder to save. ...
The cancer registry is an essential part of any rational programme of can-
cer control. Its data can be used in a wide variety of areas of cancer control
ranging from etiological research, through primary and secondary preven-
tion to health-care planning and patient care. Although most cancer reg-
istries are not obliged to do more than provide the basis for such uses of the
data, they possess the potential for developing and supporting important
research programmes making use of the information they collect....
The hazardous and harmful use
of alcohol is a major global contributing factor to death, disease and injury: to the
drinker through health impacts, such as alcohol dependence, liver cirrhosis, cancers and
injuries; and to others through the dangerous actions of intoxicated people, such as drink–
driving and violence or through the impact of drinking on fetus and child development.
The harmful use of alcohol results in approximately 2.5 million deaths each year, with a
net loss of life of 2.
Thus, ultrafine dusts of the same dimensions as nanoparticles mainly penetrate the body via
inhalation and are deposited in the lungs. A portion of these dusts can be distributed directly to
the brain via the olfactory nerves. The lungs do not necessarily succeed in totally eliminating
these undesirable particles, which then cause pulmonary inflammation. This can lead to the
development of lung diseases specific to the nature of the dusts that caused them.
together we must make a decisive move, now, to improve the health of women and children around the
world. we know what works. we have achieved excellent progress in a short time in some countries.
the answers lie in building our collective resolve to ensure universal access to essential health services
and proven, life-saving interventions as we work to strengthen health systems. these range from family
planning and making childbirth safe, to increasing access to vaccines and treatment for hIV and aIds,
malaria, tuberculosis, pneumonia and other neglected diseases.
Thus, in living cells, the rates of anterograde and retrograde transport between the two
organelles appear to have a substantial effect on the morphology of the Golgi. The effect of
the balance between anterograde and retrograde transport on the morphology of the ER
remains to be explored. Recently, increasing evidence has suggested that alteration in Golgi
morphology during mitosis is not a passive process but rather an active one, which is highly
coordinated with entry into mitosis and its progression.
The life cycle of the retrovirus consist of several steps. It begins with the binding of the viral
envelope to cellular receptors, which enables fusion of the viral envelope with the cellular
membrane. Consequently, the viral particle is uncoated, liberating the viral core into the cell
cytoplasm. The viral DNA is reverse transcribed to DNA. Then, the viral DNA is
transported to the nucleus where it is integrated into the host cell’s genome. From there,
viral DNA is transcribed to RNA, some of which is translated to proteins.
and gait is mostly derived from studies that measured
and reported EF as a composite score [12,18,19]. Relatively
few studies have focused on the age-related deficits
in specific components of executive function and
most of these studies were based on a traditional set of
tests of executive function, without detailing specific
components. The conclusions drawn from these studies
might, therefore, be limited by their methodologies. The
putative executive measures might not load on a single
executive construct, and might overlap with each other
The tax-exempt money market is more complex than the taxable money
market. That’s largely because of a supply-and-demand imbalance for very
short-term municipal securities. There’s a high level of demand for these
issues—much of it coming from individuals who want to minimize their tax
bill by placing their cash in a tax-exempt money market mutual fund. But
supply is limited.