Geoinformatics is the science and technology of gathering, analyzing, interpreting, distributing, and using geospatial information. It encompasses a broad range of disciplines brought together to create a detailed but understandable picture of the physical world and our place in it.
The Handbook of Research on Geoinformatics is the first reference work to map this exciting interdisciplinary field, discussing the complete range of contemporary research topics such as computer modeling, geometry, geoprocessing, and geographic information systems.
The most comprehensive and up-to-date optics resource available
Prepared under the auspices of the Optical Society of America, the five carefully architected and cross-referenced volumes of the Handbook of Optics, Third Edition, contain everything a student, scientist, or engineer requires to actively work in the field. From the design of complex optical systems to world-class research and development methods, this definitive publication provides unparalleled access to the fundamentals of the discipline and its greatest minds....
The first edition of the
Handbook of Micro/Nanotribology
was published in the Spring of 1995. Soon after
its publication, the first-of-a-kind monograph became a reference book for the novice, as well as experts,
in the emerging field of micro/nanotribology. Since the field is evolving very rapidly, we felt that the
monograph needed a second edition.
The second edition is totally revised. The scope of the first edition has been expanded. In the first
part, Basic Studies, two new chapters on AFM Instrumentation and Tips and Surface Forces and Adhesion
have been added.
In Section 1.5 of the textbook, Zak introduces the Lagrangian L = K − U , which is the diﬀerence between the kinetic and potential energy of the system. He then proceeds to obtain the Lagrange equations of motion in Cartesian coordinates for a point mass subject to conservative forces, namely, d dt ∂L ∂ xi ˙ − ∂L = 0 i = 1, 2, 3. ∂xi (1)
This book includes solar energy, wind energy, hybrid systems, biofuels, energy management and efficiency, optimization of renewable energy systems and much more. Subsequently, the book presents the physical and technical principles of promising ways of utilizing renewable energies. The authors provide the important data and parameter sets for the major possibilities of renewable energies utilization which allow an economic and environmental assessment.
Most plastic materials are used because they have desirable mechanical
properties at an economical cost. For this reason, the mechanical properties
may be considered the most important of all the physical and chemical
properties of high polymers for most applications. Thus everyone working
with such materials needs at least an elementary knowledge of their mechanical
behavior and how this behavior can be modified by the numerous
structural factors that can be varied in polymers.
In recent years, the remarkable advances in medical imaging instruments have increased their use considerably for diagnostics as well as planning and follow-up of treatment. Emerging from the fields of radiology, medical physics and engineering, medical imaging no longer simply deals with the technology and interpretation of radiographic images. The limitless possibilities presented by computer science and technology, coupled with engineering advances in signal processing, optics and nuclear medicine have created the vastly expanded field of medical imaging.
Seven years have passed since the publication of the previous edition of this book.
During that time, sensor technologies have made a remarkable leap forward. The
sensitivity of the sensors became higher, the dimensions became smaller, the selectivity
became better, and the prices became lower. What have not changed are the
fundamental principles of the sensor design. They are still governed by the laws of
Nature. Arguably one of the greatest geniuses who ever lived, Leonardo Da Vinci,
had his own peculiar way of praying.
It is less than five years since the last edition of
Modern Physical Metallurgy was enlarged to include
the related subject of Materials Science and Engineering,
appearing under the title Metals and Materials:
Science, Processes, Applications. In its revised
approach, it covered a wider range of metals and
alloys and included ceramics and glasses, polymers
and composites, modern alloys and surface engineering.
Nutrient requirements for optimum health and function of aging physiological systems often are
quite distinct from those required for young ones. Recognition and understanding of the special
nutrition problems of the aged are being intensively researched and tested, especially due to the
increases in the elderly in the general population. In developed countries, economic restrictions and
physical inactivity during aging can significantly reduce food intakes, contributing to nutritional
stresses and needs. Many disease entities and cancers are found with higher frequency in the aged.
Thermodynamics is an aspect of physics which deals with the energy
characteristics of materials and with the behavior of systems undergoing
changes in system energy levels. The field of thermodynamics
is quite broad as well as deep, and can vary in presentation and in
application from relatively simple to very complex. For the purposes
of this book, a relatively simple presentation is adequate.
Thermodynamics is one of the most exciting branches of physical chemistry which
has greatly contributed to the modern science. Since its inception, great minds have
built their theories of thermodynamics. One should name those of Sadi Carnot,
Clapeyron Claussius, Maxwell, Boltzman, Bernoulli, Leibniz etc. Josiah Willard
Gibbs had perhaps the greatest scientific influence on the development of
thermodynamics. His attention was for some time focused on the study of the Watt
Aquatic scientists have always been intrigued with concepts of scale. This interest perhaps stems from
the nature of ßuid dynamics in oceans and lakes energy cascades from spatial scales of kilometers
down to viscous scales at centimeters or less. Turbulent processes affect not only an organisms perception
of, and response to, the physical environment, but also the interaction between species, both within and
across trophic levels.
Handbook of Algorithms for Physical Design Automation part 12 provides a detailed overview of VLSI physical design automation, emphasizing state-of-the-art techniques, trends and improvements that have emerged during the previous decade. After a brief introduction to the modern physical design problem, basic algorithmic techniques, and partitioning, the book discusses significant advances in floorplanning representations and describes recent formulations of the floorplanning problem.
Acoustics is a discipline that deals with many types of fields wave phenomena.
Originally the field of Acoustics was consecrated to the sound, that is, the study of
small pressure waves in air detected by the human ear. The scope of this field of
physics has been extended to higher and lower frequencies and to higher intensity
levels. Moreover, structural vibrations are also included in acoustics as a wave
phenomena produced by elastic waves. This book is focused on acoustic waves in
fluid media and elastic perturbations in heterogeneous media....
Surveying a vast theory like Teichmüller theory is like surveying a land, and the
various chapters in this Handbook are like a collection of maps forming an atlas:
some of them give a very general overview of the field, others give a detailed view
of some crowded area, and others are more focussed on interesting details. There are
intersections between the chapters, and these intersections are necessary.
Handbook of Algorithms for Physical Design Automation part 10 provides a detailed overview of VLSI physical design automation, emphasizing state-of-the-art techniques, trends and improvements that have emerged during the previous decade. After a brief introduction to the modern physical design problem, basic algorithmic techniques, and partitioning, the book discusses significant advances in floorplanning representations and describes recent formulations of the floorplanning problem.
The photodiode device structure, which has developed almost simultaneously with Si
based p-n junctions, has had a dramatic impact on everyday life, especially in the field
of communication and sensing. The last few decades have seen optical techniques
come to dominate long-haul communication and photodiode technologies, serving as
an energy transducer in the receiver end, which can convert optical data into electrical
signals for further processing.