In the course of researching and writing this book, I have been blessed
with abundant help. Arthur McEvoy has been a personal and scholarly
model for more than a decade, and it is to him that I owe the greatest
thanks for anything that is creative in this project. Whenever recommending
one of his favorite books or his foolproof model for writing, he
often promised me, “This will change your life.” My studies with him
Some studies are content with establishing simple correlations, while others
involve sophisticated econometric analysis, attempting to ascertain the existence and
direction of causality. Yet other studies involve complex systems with feedback loops or
large simulation models with scenario analysis. Inevitably, they reach different
conclusions even when they analyze the same body of data because of differences in
perspectives, levels of aggregation and methods of analysis.
There are many methods to design digital circuits without hazard, such as the use of Boolean algebra, algebra hazard, karnaugh map, matrix method, VHDL, etc. However, these methods are not very suitable for the design of circuit system such as design of GALS circuits. In this case, synchronization is the most optimal method.
1. Introduction Hazard is the essence of digital circuits including synchronous circuit and asynchronous circuit. Hazard occurs as much as “autumn’s leaves”  and has adverse impact on the working of digital circuits. ...
Migration and remittances patterns in Nicaragua are also worth noting. Migration from Nicaragua is
predominantly to Costa Rica and the United States. In a nationwide study conducted in June 2001, 42 per
cent of those living in Managua reported having a relative abroad, compared to 35 per cent in the Pacific
region and 29 per cent from North-Central Nicaragua. The majority of those reporting outside Managua
had relatives working in Costa Rica, whereas those living in Managua had relatives primarily migrating to
the United States (Orozco, 2003).
Under the name of ideal circuit network, it is easy to make us understand that digital circuits are independent of the inner status and their outputs just only depend on the inputs. They are time constants and therefore Boolean algebra is a special suitable means of describing. In fact propagation delay time of circuit system should be in thought firstly in designing circuit network. In that case Boolean algebra does not seems to be fully suitable for describing actual circuit systems.
It is not easy to point out Hazards and Deadlock in a circuit with a complex structure. Determination methods for Hazard, Race, Deadlock in [1-3] cannot be applied to this case. With complex circuit structure, specific solution must be offered for each circuit type such as solution of synchonization for asynchronous circuits . GALS circuit is a complex circuit system; thus, the above-mentioned solution is also applied to this circuit.
1. Introduction GALS (Global Asynchronous - Local Synchronous) is a combined system.
Theoretical study of earthquakes as well as practical application is actually
important to determine the earthquake hazard assessment and risk in a specific
region. This is probably the most important contribution of seismology to society. recent
earthquake showed the inadequacy of a large part of the building construction
in and around the epicentral area, so the study of earthquakes has become
and more important.
To meet the growing demand for safe vegetables, the assessment of understanding and awareness of risk producers of plant protection drugs increasingly are concerned, so that, with appropriate measures of hazards and reduce harmful levels of chemicals in the product. Therefore, this study was to assess the awareness of local people about the risks of plant protection drugs
The mitigation of earthquake-related hazards represents a key role in the modern society. The mitigation of such kind of hazards spans from detailed studies on seismicity, evaluation of site effects, and seismo-induced landslides, tsunamis as well as and the design and analysis of structures to resist such actions. The study of earthquakes ties together science, technology and expertise in infrastructure and engineering in an effort to minimize human and material losses when they inevitably occur.
The study of earthquakes combines science, technology and expertise in infrastructure and engineering in an effort to minimize human and material losses when their occurrence is inevitable. This book is devoted to various aspects of earthquake research and analysis, from theoretical advances to practical applications. Different sections are dedicated to ground motion studies and seismic site characterization, with regard to mitigation of the risk from earthquake and ensuring the safety of the buildings under earthquake loading.
Reflects the Regulations, which implement a European Council Directive on minimum requirements for provision of workplace safety signs. The Directive standardised use throughout EU member states to ensure particular signs provide the same message wherever witnessed.
This guidance contains full colour sign reproduction throughout and is separated into three parts covering regulatory requirements, safety sign usage and a specific study of fire safety signs. With full text of the Regulations, which apply to all workplaces or activities where people are employed....
It is hard to imagine that less than fifteen years ago building and fire
codes specific to the construction of a wafer fabrication facility were just in
the process of being developed. Detection and evaluation of leaking underground
storage tanks and epidemiological health studies aimed at qualifying
and quantifying our “cleanroom” image were in their infancy stages and Cal-
OSHA had just completed the first in-depth study of the industry’s chemical
processes and associated industrial hygiene exposures....
This study of a large, nationally representative sample of Australian women who had recently
given birth provides the first examination of consultancy patterns across conventional
maternity care providers and CAM practitioners during pregnancy. The study presents four
key findings. First, the study reveals a substantial level of CAM practitioner use with nearly
half of the pregnant women consulting a CAM practitioner concurrent to conventional
Climate change is happening now. Climate-induced disasters are occurring
in the Asia Pacific region, where a distinctly increasing trend has been
observed in recent decades. This shows that the region is the most disaster
prone, compared with other parts of the world. Studies on the causes of
disaster in many affected regions suggest that in a typical disaster, cities with
high population density see increases in mortality and number of people
affected. Increased economic losses within the region are also inevitable.
Skylines, and other directly related problems such as multiobjective opti-
mization [Steuer 1986], maximum vectors [Kung et al. 1975; Matousek 1991],
and the contour problem [McLain 1974], have been extensively studied and nu-
merous algorithms have been proposed formain-memory processing. To the best
of our knowledge, however, the ﬁrst work addressing skylines in the context of
databaseswasBorzsonyi et al. ,which develops algorithms based on block
nested loops, divide-and-conquer, and index scanning. An improved version of
block nested loops is presented in Chomicki et al.
Mangroves play an important role in coastal zones in many aspects e.g. extremely essential habitats for many species, coastlines protection from natural hazards, and so on. However, in Vietnam, like in other developing countries, these mangrove areas have been destroyed and encroached as a consequence of a poorly planned economic development. The study has been conducted in Phu Long - Gia Luan region, which have the largest mangrove area in the Cat Ba Archipelago Biosphere Reserve, Hai Phong City, Vietnam. The aims of the study are to investigate existing land...
The case studies included in this discussion paper are part of a project that
Resources for the Future (RFF) is conducting under a cooperative agreement with the
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and with general support from RFF. The
case studies were originally vetted as RFF Discussion Paper 97-08 in 1996, and this
revised version of the discussion paper reflects many useful comments and corrections
supplied by reviewers.
The International Year of Planet Earth (IYPE) was established as a means of raising
worldwide public and political awareness of the vast, though frequently under-used,
potential the Earth Sciences possess for improving the quality of life of the peoples
of the world and safeguarding Earth’s rich and diverse environments.
The International Year project was jointly initiated in 2000 by the International
Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) and the Earth Science Division of the United
Nations Educational, Scientiﬁc and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO).
Normally the frequency divider designed by Boole algebra and to design a frequency divider with any divide factor, we have to repeat all over again every design step as the same. So to avoid of wasting time and money, instead of using traditional Boole algebra in digital technical we replace it by mathematical models in high algebra. And because of that we can design frequency dividers use computer. 1. Modeling of function circuit
This paper considers the case for mortgage covered bonds as an alternative to the originate-
to-distribute mortgage funding model. It argues that the economic incentives provided to
market participants under the covered bonds model are less susceptible to moral hazard even
while retaining the key benefits of securitization such as capital market funding and
flexibility in risk allocation.