This book has been in the making since 2002, when the Ford
Foundation generously gave a grant to the International Center for
Research on Women (ICRW) for a project to explore the linkages
between trade liberalization, women’s employment, and reproductive
health and rights at the macro- and micro-levels.
- They can be used individually or as a package. They are cross-referenced with
each other for ease of use. Countries may wish to go through each of the modules
systematically or may use a specific module when the emphasis is on a particular area
of mental health. For example, countries wishing to address mental health legislation
may find the module entitled Mental Health Legislation and Human Rights useful for
- They can be used as a training package for mental health policy-makers, planners
and others involved in organizing, delivering and funding mental health services.
Mental health advocacy is a relatively new concept, developed with a view to reducing stigma and discrimination, and promoting the human rights of people with mental disorders. It consists of various actions aimed at changing the major structural and attitudinal barriers to achieving positive mental health outcomes in populations. This module draws attention to the importance of advocacy in mental health policy and service development. The roles of various mental health groups in advocacy are outlined.
While important progress on the MDGs has been made, it has been uneven between and within countries. Gender
disparities remain manifested in many sectors with progress differing by region and country. The growing number and
diversity of actors, approaches and flows in development cooperation in recent years have also significantly impacted
progress on the MDGs and other IADGs.
This book is about the promises and failures of community mental health. It is also about
hope and recovery. During the past 50 years, the treatment of persons with serious mental
illness has undergone a radical transformation. Significant advances in research and the
influence of a growing consumer advocacy movement are forcefully shaping a brave new
world in community mental health. At the same time, tremendous suffering persists for
those afflicted by serious mental illness.
the nonprofit health advocacy organization that publishes the world’s largest-circulation nutrition newsletter, Nutrition Action Healthletter. CSPI advocates nutritious and safe diets and campaigns for policies to protect the public health and environment.
Advocacy efforts recognize that, in order to build support for family planning and other
reproductive health, a variety of different audiences and approaches must be used. To
increase men’s participation in reproductive health, advocacy activities can be used to
address a variety of legislative, institutional, religious, and cultural barriers. At the commu-
nity level, opinion leaders and religious leaders often have negative perceptions of family
This upcoming two year masters program aims to
promote health systems and public health research
and implementing solutions in institutional and
fi eld settings. It will prepare health professionals to
work in socially, culturally and economically diverse
populations by being attentive to needs of vulnerable
and disadvantaged groups. It will work towards
imparting qualities of leadership among public health
professionals and eff ectively use communication skills
for health advocacy.
Mounting evidence suggests that antecedents of adult mental disorders can be detected in children and adolescents.
The development of policies and programmes for child and adolescent mental health have lagged those for adult
mental disorders. The reasons for the lag are many, including widespread lack of knowledge about child development and
childhood mental disorders, relatively weak advocacy, lack of training and in many parts of the world, absent fi nancial and
professional resources for programme development and implementation.
I have spent most of my professional career since the 1980s working on
reproductive and sexual health programs, but I first developed a passion
for these issues while working on a project in Chile from 1972 to 1973 at
the time of Salvador Allende’s government. A multinational group of women
friends got together to adapt Our Bodies Ourselves1 for a Chilean audience,
which was to appear in the government’s women’s magazine, Paloma.
In 2005, the baseline country studies pointed to a
lack of connection between advocacy for reduction
of maternal mortality in national-level planning and
the necessary linkage to effective programmatic
responses through resource allocation, capacity-
building and human-resource development.
The 2011 case-studies suggest that this problem
persists: despite a closing of the gap between
policy and programmes, the limited progress
with improving health outcomes has shown the
importance of strengthening health systems –
particularly for maternal and newborn health.
In September 2006, as a result of advocacy by international and national non-governmental
organisations (NGOs), the United Nations (UN) General Assembly finally adopted the target of
universal access to reproductive health. This health key issues guide explores issues relating to
universal access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services using a rights-based
approach. The guide examines factors that inhibit access to and use of SRH services, and
discusses methods for removing barriers to care and improving access.
Differentiated thyroid cancer is the fastest‐growing cancer in women; it increased 2.4%
per year during 1980 to 1997 and 6.5% per year during 1997 to 2006 in the USA according
to the National Cancer Instituteʹs Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER).
On the other hand, the refinement of new approaches for surveillance of patients with an
established diagnosis of thyroid cancer is leading to the observation that many patients,
previously thought to be cured, have evidence of minimal residual disease, a condition
with which we still do not know how to manage properly....
As indicated above, while YouthAIDS highlighted PSI’s ability to manage consumer brands, this
same discipline had not been applied to the corporate “PSI brand.” PSI’s core audience was
defined as those who influence resource decisions for public health investments in developing
countries. As a result, PSI had focused its branding and outreach efforts with multi- and bi-
lateral government donors. PSI had not been historically marketed to a broader audience and
was not well-known to the general public.
In the last 20 years, national and international interest has become increasingly focused on
Women’s Health. Throughout the world, this important health care discipline has traditionally
been underserved and specifi c conditions undertreated. The National Women Health
Network (1975), the Women’s Health Initiative of the National Institutes of Health (1991),
and the Global Alliance for Women’s Health of the United Nations (1994) are a few examples
of the many comprehensive efforts to increase education, advocacy, research, and
resources for Women’s Health issues....
Both international and national agencies have invested in women's programs for almost a
decade, and several offer sound field-based experience and have qualified female staff, who
worked illegally under burqas and with mahrams throughout the years of women's exclusion
from all public life. Such women today represent a new category of working women, many
of whom have the important experience of working effectively in rural areas.
The overall theme was to identify obstacles standing between men and their participation in
reproductive health and to examine strategies for overcoming these obstacles. Another cen-
tral theme was to encourage men’s participation in reproductive health by building on men’s
decision-making traditions in French-speaking African countries.
How can the obstacles to men’s participation be overcome? How can policy-makers and
program managers encourage men’s participation? Most people who have studied the sub-
ject agree that the two major avenues to increasing men’s participation are communication
In addition to reducing the risks and costs associated with multiple births,
insurance coverage for infertility would provide oversight and quality
controls. Payers, both public and private, generally set eligibility criteria for
who may receive or perform certain procedures. Such criteria could
recommend a limit on the number of embryos transferred in ART. The most
efficient method to accomplish this would be to require adherence to ASRM
guidelines, which are updated periodically.