This book presents and discusses current research in the field of biology, with a particular
emphasis on biological factors and their role in health and well-being. Topics discussed
include the biotechnology of cyanobacteria; the reasons why glucose is the principal source of
energy for living beings; post-transcriptional effects of estrogen on gene expression;
sialylation mechanism in bacteria and the evolution biology of health and disease clinical
medicine from a Darwinian perspective.
As the authors state in their introduction, family mealtimes may
initially seem to be an unlikely topic for a publication that aims
to present research information relevant to pending social policy.
However, this paper convincingly argues that there is more than
meets the eye in regard to the topic’s relevance to policy.
First, Fiese and Schwartz clearly portray the importance of family
mealtimes to child health and well-being. They explore frequency,
climate and family food choices as aspects of the phenomenon.
Much of the literature concerning health benefits of physical activity is based on studies
done primarily with men. Only recently have large-scale studies been initiated to investigate
the effects of physical activity on women’s health and wellness. Chris Wells, the author of this
paper, has been a pioneer in the study of physical activity for women. As you will see, much
more research studying girls and women is necessary, but much has been accomplished in
recent years. Diseases often thought to be “diseases of men” affect women as well as men.
Because of the primary character of biomass
ecosystem production and the comprehensive
coverage of carbon/biomass accounts, they play a
central role in ecosystem capital accounts. Carbon/
biomass is the primary service expected from the
ecosystem, under the constraint of sustainable
supply of water (for human use and the ecosystem
itself) as well as sustainability of all the regulating
(water regulation, assimilation of residuals, habitat
regulation, pollination) and socio-cultural services
which are produced.
On top of these pay disparities, women also face higher healthcare costs than men, which can put a
serious dent in their incomes. In 14 states, more than 90% of the best-selling health plans charge
women more than men. In the aggregate, women spend an estimated $1 billion more than men for
equivalent health coverage.
Women are also far more likely to experience domestic violence, which
threatens not just their safety, health, and well-being, but their financial security as well. Women who
experience intimate partner violence are at higher risk for job loss...
Several organizations have undertaken efforts to promote oral health. The National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health published The Bright Futures in Practice: Oral Health to promote and improve the health and well being of infants, children and adolescents. The American Dental Association, the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, the American Academy of Periodontology
and the American Academy of Pediatrics have issued statements and recommendations for improving the oral health of pregnant women and young children....
The Ministry of Women's Affairs (MoWA) was established by the Bonn Agreement and was
tasked by the interim and transitional governments of Afghanistan with responsibility for
advancing the role of women. Although new as a Ministry, a precedent institution for the
promotion of women has existed since 1928, when 'Society for the Protection of Women'
was established. As a quasi-government body, the 'Society' has faded or flourished with the
changing values of the Afghan political leadership throughout the 20th Century. ...
The pebble was tossed into the water by Charles
Darwin in 1872 when he declared in his book The
Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals
that humans are not the only members of the animal
kingdom that experience a wide array of emotions
and feelings. Despite the reputation of the renowned
biologist, the ripples that this tiny rock generated
went largely unappreciated at the time. In fact, these
ripples remained quite small until the middle of the
The intersection between mental health and HIV/AIDS is relatively undeveloped. This report draws on the perspectives and experiences of academics, non-governmental workers and government officials, from both developed and developing countries, who gathered at a meeting in March 2003. The aim of the meeting was to start to develop a better understanding of the complex ways in which HIV/AIDS affects people’s mental health and the implications this has for those infected by the disease, their families and friends as well as for society as a whole....
Safety & health management system includes Leadership and Personal Commitment, Training and Competence, Risk Management, Legal and Other Obligations, Operational Controls and Procedures, Occupational Health and Wellness.
It is a moral responsibility for us to help children live healthy, happy, conﬁ dent, secure and productive lives. By
becoming a signatory to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, (4) Canada has enshrined
this moral responsibility as a legal obligation of our government, for which we agree to be held accountable
before the international community.
The health and well-being of our children is an investment in our Province for generations to come.
Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC): All immigration applicants, refugees or students who plan to remain in the country for more than six months, and certain visitors are required to undergo an immigration medical at their point of application. Those applying from outside of Canada, with evidence of active disease are denied entry until treatment has been completed. Individuals who do not have active disease but have a past history of TB and those who have evidence of past disease on their chest x-ray are reported to AHS Central TB Services.
Behavioral medicine has now matured as a field to the point where all recognize that different populations are presented with different issues. Psychological reactions and patterns affect the health and well-being of children, as well as adults, and numerous standardized instruments for the assessment of a variety of areas of children's functioning are currently available.
Community leaders in the Pittsburgh region have long recognized the critical importance of the health and well-being of mothers, infants, and young children and have made intensive efforts to develop effective community-based early childhood interventions and support services. Despite these efforts, in several key
The Strategy provides evidence-based recommendations for
improving health and wellness and addressing leading causes of
disability and death. Recommended policy, program, and system
approaches are identified for each Strategic Direction and Priority
Preference has been given to efforts that will have the greatest
impact on the largest number of people and can be sustained
over time. Each recommendation is based on the best recent
scientific evidence (Appendix 5).
Health-promoting activities usually contribute to the
prevention of a variety of diseases as well as enhancing a positive feeling of
health and vitality. They consist of nonmedical interventions, such as changes in
lifestyle, nutrition, and the environment. Such activities may require structural
improvements in society to enable the majority of people to take part in them.
Structural improvements imply societal changes that make healthful choices
Malnutrition in all its forms either directly or indirectly is responsible for approximately
half of all deaths worldwide. This applies to perinatal and infectious diseases as well as
chronic diseases. Malnutrition accounts for 11% of the global burden of disease, leading
to long-term poor health and disability and poor educational and developmental
Worldwide, by 2010 it was found that about 104 million children under five years of age
were underweight and 171 million stunted.
This chapter provides a brief overview of the history of
women’s health and the array of factors that have played
a central role in shaping it. First, it presents a background
describing gender-based disparities in health care. It then
discusses the cultural context in which women have
been perceived by society, their representation in the
health care workforce, and the development of the medical
specialty of obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN), as
well as social, economic, and political forces that have
shaped the medical care provided to women....
Having worked in and traveled to many countries, most recently as the Ambassador
and Permanent Representative of Thailand to the United Nations, I have
seen people in different societies react to trauma in various ways. While experts
contributed to this important book, Trauma Psychology: Issues in Violence, Disaster,
Health, and Illness, I share my perspectives from serving the people of Thailand and
other nations and from my experiences in the aftermath of the 2004 tsunami that
struck the cities and towns in the Indian Ocean rim, including Thailand.
Agricultural production resorts to the use of a varied and large quantity of insecticides
to improve the production and preservation of foodstuff. Thus, the use of insecticides
has increased rapidly and is now widespread. Beneficial insects like parasitoids
pathogens, predators and pollinators have gained significance. IPM programs have
demonstrated that current levels of pesticide use are not necessary in many situations
and are frequently even counter-productive.