Twenty years ago, when I began researching and writing about men’s
health at the University of California at Berkeley, men in the United
States were dying more than 7 years younger than women. It was a time
when “men’s health” was really nothing more than an oxymoron. The
gender gap in longevity, however, was not new; it had been steadily widening
since 1920, when women and men in the United States lived lives
that were equal in length.
The study of behaviours that influence health and the factors determining
which individuals will and will not perform such behaviours has become a
key area of research within health psychology. As the second edition of this
book testifies, there is a considerable and impressive body of research in this
area. The purpose of this book is to provide in a single source an overview
of current research and practical details of how to apply the most widely
used social cognition models to the prediction of the performance of health
Rapid improvements in health and nutrition in developing
countries may be ascribed to specific, deliberate, health- and
nutrition-related interventions and to changes in the underly-
ing social, economic, and health environments. This chapter
is concerned with the contribution of specific interventions,
while recognizing that improved living standards in the long
run provide the essential basis for improved health.
More specifically, we must further examine
health beliefs, and food beliefs and
practices that have symbolic or traditional
importance to determine how knowledge,
beliefs and attitudes translate into eating
behaviour in older adults, especially at
advanced ages. More research is needed to
clarify the relative contribution of income,
ethnic background and other personal predictors
of healthy eating – self-control,
emotions, resistance to change, time constraints,
lack of knowledge – and environmental
factors governing food availability
If a picture is worth a thousand words, a good story is worth many columns of
statistics. Stories present ideas, conflicts, and, sometimes, resolution. They
have depth and dimension, drama and emotion, making them more memorable
than data alone.
This belief in the power of the story encouraged us—with support from the
Kellogg Foundation—to start the Narrative Matters section of Health Affairs in
This guideline makes recommendations on best practice in the recognition and management
of meningococcal disease in children and young people up to 16 years of age. It addresses the
patient journey through pre-hospital care, referral, diagnostic testing, disease management,
follow-up care and rehabilitation and considers public health issues. The guideline will be of
interest to healthcare professionals, parents and carers who are involved in the diagnosis and
management of children and young people with suspected or confirmed meningococcal disease.
Being a collaborative effort, this dedicated satellite will be owned by all the member
countries. The responsibility to launch and manage the satellite can be entrusted to a specific
member country having required technical expertise for the cause. In present circumstances,
India and China are front runners for this task.
Illness and death are important events for people everywhere. No one is spared. However, faith and medical practice not the same everywhere. How do people understand the causes of illness and death and how they deal with these events culture different from culture. It is not surprising therefore that the medical practitioners and others are becoming increas ingly aware of the need to understand the influence of the social and cultural beliefs and medical practice. Culture the usual ways of thinking and acting in a society often affect the outcome of disease, illness and even occur.
The average American consumes an estimated
50 tons of food in a lifetime. This staggering
amount of food represents the sum of daily
choices each of us makes regarding the type,
quality, and quantity of foods. These critical
choices in turn reflect a complex interplay of
many factors, including family upbringing, religious
or philosophical beliefs, as well as practical
matters, such as the cost and availability of foods
and beverages. Importantly, Americans are
increasingly selecting food for health reasons.
It is a general belief that the fruits and vegetables that our parents ate when they were
growing up were more nutritious and enriched with essential mineral nutrients and
were less contaminated with toxic trace elements than the ones that are being consumed
by us currently. A study of the mineral content of fruits and vegetables
grown in Great Britain between 1930 and 1980 has added weight to that belief
with findings of such decreases in nutrient density.
Contrary to popular belief, pharmacy is not limited to counting and dispensing pills. Pharmacy is a rewarding profession in the health care system that involves working closely with doctors and patients. No matter what health field you step into, there will always be a need for pharmacists. They provide their expertise on the composition, use, and manufacturing of a drug, as well as its physiological and chemical interactions. Pharmacy offers flexible work schedules, a broad spectrum of opportunities, direct patient contact, and top salaries right out of college!...
Evaluating mutual fund performance is a topic of long-standing interest in the academic
literature, but few if any studies have addressed the selection of an optimal portfolio of funds.
Instead of using the historical data to estimate performance measures or produce fund rank-
ings, this study uses the data to explore the mutual-fund investment decision.
NICE OR NASTY is an entertaining and informative book with a readable approach to a topic that is extremely important to all societies, namely food choice, in relation to its regulation by law, custom and beliefs, and its health and disease aspects.
The focus is on South East Asia with its half a billion people and diverse food choice. Written by two experts with many years of experience in teaching and research in biomedicine, this book represents a synthesis of the seemingly diverse areas of nutrition, biomedicine, law and geography.
Though it is widely recognized that the population of the United States is aging,
much of our current understanding in the field of individual decision making is based on
data from student populations. While this could be a consequence of subject availability,
it may reflect a common though largely unsubstantiated belief that decision making
ability declines with aging (Peters 2000). Many older individuals are productive and
intellectually viable throughout their lives. Still, others are vulnerable to dementia and
neurodegenerative illnesses, such as Alzheimer's disease.
Varying beliefs about disease etiology may also serve to minimize the
prevalence of trachoma. Beliefs about the causes of disease range from
blindness caused by old age to illness induced by the glance of an
envious person. Cultural beliefs in an Egyptian Delta hamlet
discourage the discussion of trachoma since villagers believe trichiasis
can be spread by word of mouth, and discussion of the disease is equal
to questioning the will of God.
In one study, villagers’ assessments of their quality of vision greatly
exceeded evaluations by ophthalmologists.
Legal and ethical questions of control, supervision and consent in connection with such
smart-home technology have in this connection played an important role for us.
According to "Eldres IT-forum" (an IT-forum for the elderly) “elderly people” are those above
55 years, and they represent one fourth of the Norwegian population. The elderly are a
heterogeneous group with very different needs and qualifications. Their economic
capability, degree of education, their health and degree of functional ability greatly vary.
Lean Manufacturing is Mainstream. Substantial research and literature exists indicating that
American industries are actively implementing Lean Manufacturing as a key strategy for remaining
competitive in today’s manufacturing environment, and implementation of this manufacturing
paradigm shift is taking place across numerous industrial and source sectors.
The mask joins many things—earth, sky and sea, and it shows a person's relation to other
beings—in fact, it is a composition of seal, human, fish, and bird. “Finding relations among
discordant things,” Mr. Siegel said in a lecture on Hieronymus Bosch, “has been an instinct; it
has also been a method in art...The tendency to these combinations does exist, and present day
art is in the midst of that tendency: to make the world even more coherent by being more
audacious and finding that in discord there isn’t as much discord as one thought at first....
The Government of Myanmar has formed an Emergency Committee and announced that the priorities of
its relief operations are to provide adequate food, safe drinking-water and shelter to the affected people.
Health issues are of major concern in districts affected by the cyclone.
The WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia and the WHO Country Office in Myanmar are actively
involved in the response. A crisis room has been activated in the WHO Country Office in Yangon.
Community leaders in Sukumaland are calling for a strong lead from the Government. One was
quoted as saying: ‘‘It is a question of educating the people. In other areas of the country where
people are better educated, we don’t face this problem.’’
Until recently, the Government was reluctant to acknowledge that belief in witchcraft still
existed. Now the subject is being widely discussed and officially condemned. In 1999, the
Tanzanian Government made witchcraft the theme for International Women’s Day.