Xem 1-20 trên 56 kết quả Health beliefs
  • Twenty years ago, when I began researching and writing about men’s health at the University of California at Berkeley, men in the United States were dying more than 7 years younger than women. It was a time when “men’s health” was really nothing more than an oxymoron. The gender gap in longevity, however, was not new; it had been steadily widening since 1920, when women and men in the United States lived lives that were equal in length.

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  • The study of behaviours that influence health and the factors determining which individuals will and will not perform such behaviours has become a key area of research within health psychology. As the second edition of this book testifies, there is a considerable and impressive body of research in this area. The purpose of this book is to provide in a single source an overview of current research and practical details of how to apply the most widely used social cognition models to the prediction of the performance of health behaviours....

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  • Rapid improvements in health and nutrition in developing countries may be ascribed to specific, deliberate, health- and nutrition-related interventions and to changes in the underly- ing social, economic, and health environments. This chapter is concerned with the contribution of specific interventions, while recognizing that improved living standards in the long run provide the essential basis for improved health.

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  • More specifically, we must further examine health beliefs, and food beliefs and practices that have symbolic or traditional importance to determine how knowledge, beliefs and attitudes translate into eating behaviour in older adults, especially at advanced ages. More research is needed to clarify the relative contribution of income, ethnic background and other personal predictors of healthy eating – self-control, emotions, resistance to change, time constraints, lack of knowledge – and environmental factors governing food availability and cost.

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  • This guideline makes recommendations on best practice in the recognition and management of meningococcal disease in children and young people up to 16 years of age. It addresses the patient journey through pre-hospital care, referral, diagnostic testing, disease management, follow-up care and rehabilitation and considers public health issues. The guideline will be of interest to healthcare professionals, parents and carers who are involved in the diagnosis and management of children and young people with suspected or confirmed meningococcal disease.

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  • If a picture is worth a thousand words, a good story is worth many columns of statistics. Stories present ideas, conflicts, and, sometimes, resolution. They have depth and dimension, drama and emotion, making them more memorable than data alone. This belief in the power of the story encouraged us—with support from the Kellogg Foundation—to start the Narrative Matters section of Health Affairs in 1999.

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  • Being a collaborative effort, this dedicated satellite will be owned by all the member countries. The responsibility to launch and manage the satellite can be entrusted to a specific member country having required technical expertise for the cause. In present circumstances, India and China are front runners for this task.

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  • Illness and death are important events for people everywhere. No one is spared. However, faith and medical practice not the same everywhere. How do people understand the causes of illness and death and how they deal with these events culture different from culture. It is not surprising therefore that the medical practitioners and others are becoming increas ingly aware of the need to understand the influence of the social and cultural beliefs and medical practice. Culture the usual ways of thinking and acting in a society often affect the outcome of disease, illness and even occur.

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  • The average American consumes an estimated 50 tons of food in a lifetime. This staggering amount of food represents the sum of daily choices each of us makes regarding the type, quality, and quantity of foods. These critical choices in turn reflect a complex interplay of many factors, including family upbringing, religious or philosophical beliefs, as well as practical matters, such as the cost and availability of foods and beverages. Importantly, Americans are increasingly selecting food for health reasons.

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  • It is a general belief that the fruits and vegetables that our parents ate when they were growing up were more nutritious and enriched with essential mineral nutrients and were less contaminated with toxic trace elements than the ones that are being consumed by us currently. A study of the mineral content of fruits and vegetables grown in Great Britain between 1930 and 1980 has added weight to that belief with findings of such decreases in nutrient density.

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  • INTRODUCTION Contrary to popular belief, pharmacy is not limited to counting and dispensing pills. Pharmacy is a rewarding profession in the health care system that involves working closely with doctors and patients. No matter what health field you step into, there will always be a need for pharmacists. They provide their expertise on the composition, use, and manufacturing of a drug, as well as its physiological and chemical interactions. Pharmacy offers flexible work schedules, a broad spectrum of opportunities, direct patient contact, and top salaries right out of college!...

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  • Evaluating mutual fund performance is a topic of long-standing interest in the academic literature, but few if any studies have addressed the selection of an optimal portfolio of funds. Instead of using the historical data to estimate performance measures or produce fund rank- ings, this study uses the data to explore the mutual-fund investment decision.

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  • Though it is widely recognized that the population of the United States is aging, much of our current understanding in the field of individual decision making is based on data from student populations. While this could be a consequence of subject availability, it may reflect a common though largely unsubstantiated belief that decision making ability declines with aging (Peters 2000). Many older individuals are productive and intellectually viable throughout their lives. Still, others are vulnerable to dementia and neurodegenerative illnesses, such as Alzheimer's disease.

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  • NICE OR NASTY is an entertaining and informative book with a readable approach to a topic that is extremely important to all societies, namely food choice, in relation to its regulation by law, custom and beliefs, and its health and disease aspects. The focus is on South East Asia with its half a billion people and diverse food choice. Written by two experts with many years of experience in teaching and research in biomedicine, this book represents a synthesis of the seemingly diverse areas of nutrition, biomedicine, law and geography.

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  • Varying beliefs about disease etiology may also serve to minimize the prevalence of trachoma. Beliefs about the causes of disease range from blindness caused by old age to illness induced by the glance of an envious person. Cultural beliefs in an Egyptian Delta hamlet discourage the discussion of trachoma since villagers believe trichiasis can be spread by word of mouth, and discussion of the disease is equal to questioning the will of God. In one study, villagers’ assessments of their quality of vision greatly exceeded evaluations by ophthalmologists.

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  • Legal and ethical questions of control, supervision and consent in connection with such smart-home technology have in this connection played an important role for us. According to "Eldres IT-forum" (an IT-forum for the elderly) “elderly people” are those above 55 years, and they represent one fourth of the Norwegian population. The elderly are a heterogeneous group with very different needs and qualifications. Their economic capability, degree of education, their health and degree of functional ability greatly vary.

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  • Lean Manufacturing is Mainstream. Substantial research and literature exists indicating that American industries are actively implementing Lean Manufacturing as a key strategy for remaining competitive in today’s manufacturing environment, and implementation of this manufacturing paradigm shift is taking place across numerous industrial and source sectors.

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  • The mask joins many things—earth, sky and sea, and it shows a person's relation to other beings—in fact, it is a composition of seal, human, fish, and bird. “Finding relations among discordant things,” Mr. Siegel said in a lecture on Hieronymus Bosch, “has been an instinct; it has also been a method in art...The tendency to these combinations does exist, and present day art is in the midst of that tendency: to make the world even more coherent by being more audacious and finding that in discord there isn’t as much discord as one thought at first....

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  • The Government of Myanmar has formed an Emergency Committee and announced that the priorities of its relief operations are to provide adequate food, safe drinking-water and shelter to the affected people. Health issues are of major concern in districts affected by the cyclone. The WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia and the WHO Country Office in Myanmar are actively involved in the response. A crisis room has been activated in the WHO Country Office in Yangon.

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  • Community leaders in Sukumaland are calling for a strong lead from the Government. One was quoted as saying: ‘‘It is a question of educating the people. In other areas of the country where people are better educated, we don’t face this problem.’’ Until recently, the Government was reluctant to acknowledge that belief in witchcraft still existed. Now the subject is being widely discussed and officially condemned. In 1999, the Tanzanian Government made witchcraft the theme for International Women’s Day.

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