Xem 1-20 trên 244 kết quả Health consequences
  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học 'Respiratory Research cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Adverse health consequences in COPD patients with rapid decline in FEV1 - evidence from the UPLIFT trial...

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  • The 1990-1991 Persian Gulf War was brief and entailed few US casualties in comparison with other wars, and yet it had a profound impact on the lives of many of the troops. Among the 700,000 US military personnel deployed in the battle theater, many veterans have reported chronic symptoms and illnesses that they have attributed to their service in the gulf. Numerous studies have been conducted to characterize the long-term adverse health consequences of deployment to the Persian Gulf. Potential exposures to numerous hazardous substances have been identified in association with the Gulf War.

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  • Traffic moves slowly in Kathmandu’s ancient and narrow city streets and distances travelled are relatively short. Currently, there are 3,500 three-wheeled vehicles, tempos, clogging Kathmandu’s streets. These three-wheelers are the most common form of public transportation in the Kathmandu Valley. They account for 25 percent of all vehicular traffic in the city and contribute over 60 percent of vehicular emissions.

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  • As Christine Ammer notes, the underlying assumption of The Encyclopedia of Women’s Health, her classic and concise reference for women’s health, is that “every woman wants to take responsibility for her own health.” By helping us understand how our bodies work, the marvel of our bodies’ normal functions and the profound consequences of its malfunctions, and the care and treatments available to us, she helps us to take charge of our own health.

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  • Health care workers have the opportunity and the obligation to identify, treat, and educate women who are being abused. Health care institutions can make significant contributions to addressing violence against women by supporting clinicians and clients. Developing and institutionalizing national health-sector policies, protocols, and norms about violence call attention to the problem of gender-based violence, and help ensure quality care for survivors of abuse. This Outlook issue focuses on the reproductive health consequences of violence against women.

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  • The Nutrition and HealthTM series of books have, as an overriding mission, to provide health professionals with texts that are considered essential because each includes: (1) a synthesis of the state of the science, (2) timely, in-depth reviews by the leading researchers in their respective fi elds, (3) extensive, up-to-date fully annotated reference lists, (4) a detailed index, (5) relevant tables and fi gures, (6) identifi cation of paradigm shifts and the consequences, (7) virtually no overlap of information between chapters, but targeted, inter-chapter referrals, (8) suggestions o...

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  • International travel is undertaken by large, and ever increasing, numbers of people for professional, social, recreational and humanitarian purposes. More people travel greater distances and at greater speed than ever before, and this upward trend looks set to continue. Travellers are thus exposed to a variety of health risks in unfamiliar environments. Most such risks, however, can be minimized by suitable precautions taken before, during and after travel.

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  • The creative and innovative ethic of American medicine is legend and has contributed fundamentally to the breadth, depth, and pace of advances in our capacity for diagnosis and treatment of disease and injury. Indeed, the number of new pharmaceuticals, biologics, medical devices, and healthcare services introduced into American healthcare settings and marketplaces substantially exceeds the capacity to know the circumstances under which a particular intervention is best applied.

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  • The charge to the Committee on Crossing the Quality Chasm: Adaptation to Mental Health and Addictive Disorders was broad, encompassing health care for both mental and substance-use conditions, the public and private sectors, and the comprehensive range of issues addressed in the 2001 Institute of Medicine report Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century. The committee was pleased to be asked to address this breadth of issues.

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  • Aboriginal peoples have distinctive perspectives and understandings, deriving from their cultures and histories and embodied in Aboriginal languages. Research that has Aboriginal experience as its subject matter must reflect these perspectives and understandings. In the past, research concerning Aboriginal peoples has usually been initiated outside the Aboriginal community and carried out by non Aboriginal people. Aboriginal people have had almost no opportunity to correct misinformation or to challenge ethnocentric and racist interpretations.

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  • In this report, only GHGEs have been addressed but other environmental, social and ethical aspects of sustainability could be included in future to explore wider impacts, as well as identifying any possible unintended consequences of changing the diet. This project should be viewed as a first step towards developing a diet that meets both dietary recommendations and GHGE targets, which has been shown to be possible.

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  • The mental health consequences of disasters have been the subject of a rapidly growing research literature in the last few decades. Moreover, they have aroused an increasing public interest, due to the dramatic impact and the wide media coverage of many recent disastrous events—from earthquakes to hurricanes, from technological disasters to terrorist attacks and war bombings.

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  • Theoretical development in the area of health change in an older population began with the realization that the rapid mortality decline among the old beginning in the late 1960s could be linked to important population health consequences (15, 75). Fries (36) generated some of the interest in trends in health with his promotion of the idea that there was an ongoing “compression of morbidity.

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  • We come across an era of strong and even more unusual individual claims, while the solution to often conflicting demands becomes increasingly elusive and parochial. One of the most intriguing philosophical questions is how to link human responsibility to those consequences of action which no one can fully foresee but, nevertheless, which no one can afford to neglect. Many biotechnological challenges are of this nature.

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  • This fact sheet aims to shed light on the right to health in international human rights law as it currently stands, amidst the plethora of initiatives and proposals as to what the right to health may or should be. Consequently, it does not purport to provide an exhaustive list of relevant issues or to identify specific standards in relation to them. The fact sheet starts by explaining what the right to health is and illustrating its implications for specific individuals and groups, and then elaborates upon States' obligations with respect to the right.

    pdf41p can_thai 12-12-2012 25 2   Download

  • Think carefully before spending time and money on media campaigns. They can be a seductive waste of resources, unless they are very well focused. Be sure to choose media that are preferred by the group you are targeting. (For example, African Americans are more likely to say that they get their health information from television and radio shows than whites.) Here’s where a board member or advisor with significant public relations experience, working hand in glove with your community advisory board, can be very helpful.

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  • Our study panel began deliberations with significantly divergent views on the meaning of the concept of “psychological consequences” and the definition of terrorism. In addition we had many perspectives on the appropriate preventive and therapeutic roles of public health and mental health systems with respect to the psychological consequences of terrorism. We agreed that terrorism affected humans in all walks of life and that societal terrorists are as diverse as the individuals they terrorize in society.

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  • The Global status report on alcohol and health (2011) presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States. It represents a continuing effort by the World Health Organization (WHO) to support Member States in collecting information in order to assist them in their efforts to reduce the harmful use of alcohol, and its health and social consequences.

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  • Poverty and social inequalities in childhood have profound effects on the health of children, and their impact on health continues to reverberate throughout the life course into late adulthood. Globally and historically, poverty has been the major determinant of child and adult health1 and, even in rich nations such as the UK, it remains a major cause of ill health with huge public health consequences.

    pdf26p connhobinh 10-12-2012 14 1   Download

  • Infectious diseases have been a problem for military personnel throughout history. The consequences in previous conflicts have ranged from frequent illnesses disrupting daily activities and readiness to widespread deaths. Preventive measures, early diagnosis, and treatment greatly limit the exposures and acute illnesses of troops today in comparison with those in armies of the past, but infections and consequent acute illnesses still occur. In addition, long-term adverse health outcomes of some pathogens are increasingly recognized....

    pdf238p crius75 07-01-2013 22 1   Download

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