International travel is undertaken by large, and ever increasing, numbers of people
for professional, social, recreational and humanitarian purposes. More people
travel greater distances and at greater speed than ever before, and this upward
trend looks set to continue. Travellers are thus exposed to a variety of health risks
in unfamiliar environments. Most such risks, however, can be minimized by suitable
precautions taken before, during and after travel.
A comprehensive review essential for those preparing
to take the midwifery (AMBC) or women’s health nurse
practitioner certification (NCC) examinations. The
Midwifery & Women’s Health Nurse Practitioner Certification
Review Guide was developed for both of these
nursing specialties because of the many commonalities
they share that enhance the delivery of care to women
during their life span.
There is a commonly held myth in our society that anything that is “natural”
is good, wholesome, and healthful, whereas anything that is “synthetic” is
bad, toxic, and harmful. The mere mention of the word
to strike terror into the heart of any food faddist. This attitude is, at best,
naïve and, at worst, dangerous.
The Wiley Concise Guides to Mental Health are designed to provide mental
health professionals with easily accessible overview of what is currently
known about the nature and treatment of psychological disorders. Each
book in the series delineates the origins, manifestations, and course of a commonly
occurring disorder and discusses effective procedures for its treatment.
The authors of the Concise Guides draw on relevant research as well as their clinical
expertise to ground their text both in empirical findings and in wisdom
gleaned from practical experience.
Midwives’ unique contribution to public health is that they work
with women and their partners and families throughout pregnancy,
birth and the postnatal period to provide safe, holistic care. For
optimum effect, midwifery needs to be ﬁrmly rooted in the
community where women and their partners live their lives.
We anticipate that this update will continue to raise awareness among clinicians and policymakers alike that low health literacy has a substantial impact on the use of health care services and health outcomes; it also hints at the role of health literacy in disparities in utilization or outcomes among groups defined by various sociodemographic characteristics. However, little remains known about the direct effect of lower health literacy on the costs of health care. Addressing the burden of low health literacy that we have identified warrants the attention of many stakeholders.
The Clinical Practice Guidelines for Midwifery & Women’s Health provided here represent
a compilation of current practices that includes evidence-based, traditional, and
empiric care from a wide variety of sources. The Clinical Practice Guidelines for Midwifery
& Women’s Health are used voluntarily and assume that the practicing women’s
health professional will temper them with sound clinical judgment, knowledge of
patient or client preferences, national and local standards, and attention to sound risk
Although women account for more physician office visits than
men, most women receive diagnoses and treatments based on
what has worked for men. Until recently, medical research has
largely ignored many health issues important to women, and
women have long been under-represented in clinical trials. Many
health education programs have realized this inequity and
have begun to incorporate women’s health programs into their
Rapid improvements in health and nutrition in developing
countries may be ascribed to specific, deliberate, health- and
nutrition-related interventions and to changes in the underly-
ing social, economic, and health environments. This chapter
is concerned with the contribution of specific interventions,
while recognizing that improved living standards in the long
run provide the essential basis for improved health.
In studies that are carried out in the general community and that are likely to affect
particular Aboriginal communities, consultation on planning, execution and evaluation of
results shall be sought through appropriate Aboriginal bodies.
In community-based studies, researchers shall ensure that a representative cross-section of
community experiences and perceptions is included.
The convening of the Aboriginal Women’s Health Research advisory group to provide
guidance on the conduct of research shall not pre-empt the procedures laid down in this
part but shall supplement them....
The study of psychological processes in physical activity and health has grown
considerably in recent years. “Exercise psychologists” study the psychological antecedents
of physical activity and use their theoretical perspectives to inform the design and implementation
of interventions to change sedentary lifestyles. In addition, involvement in
physical activity can have important psychological benefits. Although we have known
this for a very long time, it is only relatively recently that a systematic approach has been
adopted to the accumulation of evidence.
Mental health in scarce-resource settings has received considerable attention in the new millennium, in response to the growing evidence on the burden of mental disorders and their cost-effective treatments. The World Health Organization’s (WHO) World Health Report 2001, and The Lancet series on Global Mental Health in 2007, are two major initiatives that synthesised the evidence from these settings.
Professional ethics is now acknowledged as a field of study in its own
right. Much of its recent development has resulted from rethinking
traditional medical ethics in the light of new moral problems arising
out of advances in medical science and technology. Applied
philosophers, ethicists and lawyers have devoted considerable energy
to exploring the dilemmas emerging from modern health care practices
and their effects on the practitioner-relationship.
Health, safety and environmental policy statement includes general employee responsibilities HSE responsibilities; employee health, safety and environmental considerations; office, yard, shop and field operations eneral requirements.
Explain to parents that washing or rinsing soiled diapers and clothing increases the chances that
you and the children may be exposed to germs that cause diseases. Although receiving soiled
clothes is not pleasant, remind parents that this policy protects the health of all children and
providers. Each item of sleep equipment, including cribs, cots, mattresses, blankets, sheets, etc.,
should be cleaned and sanitized before being assigned to a specific child. The bedding items should
be labeled with that child's name, and should only be used by that child.
Effective implementation of regulatory decisions relies on a strong regulatory framework,
including clear, focused, and effective rules, regulations, and policies. Development and
communication of these documents are crucial in educating pesticide registrants and users
and changing behavior in a manner that promotes the safe use of pesticides. Many of the
actions outlined in the risk assessment and risk management section were implemented by
developing rules and regulations.
In his later years my father often expressed to me his desire for the reduction of the eleven volumes of his
"Papers on Health" to a compact one-volume edition; but as long as fresh papers were being written, he saw
no use in beginning this work. In the end the project was interrupted by his last illness and death. Since then,
circumstances have prevented the work being undertaken until the present time.
Mental health is a fundamental element of the resilience, health assets, capabilities and positive
adaptation that enable people both to cope with adversity and to reach their full potential and
humanity. Mental health is also the key to understanding the impact of inequalities on health and
other outcomes. It is abundantly clear that the chronic stress of struggling with material disadvantage
is intensified to a very considerable degree by doing so in more unequal societies.
A silent killer maneuvers just below the surface of almost all the
health issues that will lead to death and disease in the 21st century.
The U.S. population faces well-recognized health risks, including
chronic diseases, environmental degradation, and natural and manmade
disasters, but the silent killer is less diagnosed and remains
essentially untreated. The silent killer is low health literacy: the
reality that almost half of adults in the United States, over 90 million
people, struggle to find, understand, and correctly use health