Xem 1-20 trên 147 kết quả Health context
  • The package consists of a series of interrelated user-friendly modules that are designed to address the wide variety of needs and priorities in policy development and service planning. The topic of each module represents a core aspect of mental health. The starting point is the module entitled The Mental Health Context, which outlines the global context of mental health and summarizes the content of all the modules.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'mental health policy and service guidance package: mental health legislation & human rights', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • This chapter provides a brief overview of the history of women’s health and the array of factors that have played a central role in shaping it. First, it presents a background describing gender-based disparities in health care. It then discusses the cultural context in which women have been perceived by society, their representation in the health care workforce, and the development of the medical specialty of obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN), as well as social, economic, and political forces that have shaped the medical care provided to women....

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  • The global environment is changing rapidly, partly in response to economic globalization. These global changes are clearly evident at the local level, even in the quality of air that people breath. In some high income countries air quality has been improving, due to a combination of de-industrialization, improved technologies and environmental regulation. However, advances in the science of epidemiology suggest that even air that would until recently have been considered ‘clean’ may contain pollutants that are hazardous to people’s health.

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  • Women’s health is inextricably linked to the context in which they live their lives. Only within the past few decades have researchers and clinicians acknowledged the importance of women’s lived experiences for their well-being. The feminist movement of the 1960s and 1970s prompted critical analysis of women’s health and its relationship to society, and of women’s health care options.

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  • In the early theoretical models, the level of stress of caregivers was seen as a risk factor that linked elder abuse with care of an elderly relative (36, 37). While the popular image of abuse depicts a dependent victim and an overstressed caregiver, there is growing evidence that neither of these factors properly accounts for cases of abuse. Although researchers do not deny the component of stress, they tend now to look at it in a wider context in which the quality of the overall relationship is a causal factor (30, 34, 38).

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  • This book examines general changes in the regulation of the health professions in the United Kingdom from a social scientific perspective. It also considers the historical and contemporary development of regulation for a selection of key occupational groups in this context, with reference to wider debates about the health professions. Interest in new approaches to regulation was prompted by the fact that, by the late 1990s, a number of important shifts were taking place in relation to such groups in this country. These included the following trends.

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  • Gaps in current knowledge To strengthen current knowledge, particularly on effectiveness, cost/benefit analysis and the impact on health of WHP programmes, further research is needed. The development of simple and easy-to-use validated instruments for diet and physical activity evaluation is encouraged.

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  • Tailoring an intervention to the context and system redesign related to the intervention: A case study of implementing shared medical appointments for diabetes Susan R Kirsh*1,2, Renée H Lawrence1 and David C Aron1,2 Address: 1Center for Quality Improvement Research, Louis Stokes Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA and 2School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA Email: Susan R Kirsh* - susan.kirsh@va.gov; Renée H Lawrence - renee.lawrence2@va.gov; David C Aron - david.aron@va.gov * Corresponding author...

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  • There are a myriad number of different types of risks that, as individuals, we face every day that impact human health. Exposure to hazards can result from the natural and build environments with modulation of this exposure due to other factors such as our biology (eg. genetics, age, gender and comorbid conditions) and social interactions (eg. lifestyle choices and our level of risk acceptance). A broad population health approach includes determinants of health, this is the collective label given to factors and conditions that are thought to have an influence on health.

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  • Mental health in scarce-resource settings has received considerable attention in the new millennium, in response to the growing evidence on the burden of mental disorders and their cost-effective treatments. The World Health Organization’s (WHO) World Health Report 2001, and The Lancet series on Global Mental Health in 2007, are two major initiatives that synthesised the evidence from these settings.

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  • The purpose of this book is to share with science and health professions educators the exciting discoveries that are being made by the application of team-based learning (TBL) to the special challenges of modern medical education. Professors in these disciplines everywhere face three daunting challenges. First, an enormous amount of information must be learned, and it keeps growing. Second, students must learn how to use and apply that information in contexts that vary enormously between clinical cases and populations of cases.

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  • The evidence based medicine movement, which arose in McMaster University in Canada in the 1990s, has steadily grown to influence health-care professions other than medicine where it is recognised as evidence based practice. It is now widely accepted as a fundamental tenet where health care is available in developed country settings and the prevailing medical system is one of western medicine. The importance of evidence in defining policy and practice in the UK health system and others is acknowledged and, probably, enduring....

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  • Women leak, inevitably and often bountifully. Menstrual blood, birth fluids, breast milk and sometimes tears lead us to be seen as leakier than men at a physical level. Women are often seen to work through a network of relationships, a web, rather than the hierarchy of male decision-making (Gilligan 1982). Within such a web of relationships, emotions, knowledge and other personal attributes flow, often freely, sometimes unconsciously. Dirt is defined by Mary Douglas as ‘matter out of place’ (Douglas 1966).

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  • There are many ways to improve the lives of people with mental disorders. One important way is through policies, plans and programmes that lead to better services. To implement such policies and plans, one needs good legislation–that is, laws that place the policies and plans in the context of internationally accepted human rights standards and good practices. This Resource Book aims to assist countries in drafting, adopting and implementing such legislation.

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  • In 1996 the debate regarding the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act centered on the necessity to screen foreigneducated health care professionals seeking employment in the United States. The focused and controversial discussion also raised cogent points regarding the qualifications of an entity to perform such an assessment. Based on its established track record in providing credentialing services to a variety of health occupations, CGFNS International was named in the Act to provide health professions screening when the law passed.

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  • In this opening chapter, we outline some of the most influential (and most contested) definitions of health, and approaches to health promotion. Although some success has been claimed for health promotion interventions, in general the results to date have been modest: for example, safer sex campaigns in preventing HIV infection among gay men. In other areas efforts have been remarkably disappointing, notably in preventing smoking uptake among adolescents. ‘Health promotion’ is a term which has been applied to a very wide range of activities performed in many and diverse contexts....

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  • Mental health advocacy is a relatively new concept, developed with a view to reducing stigma and discrimination, and promoting the human rights of people with mental disorders. It consists of various actions aimed at changing the major structural and attitudinal barriers to achieving positive mental health outcomes in populations. This module draws attention to the importance of advocacy in mental health policy and service development. The roles of various mental health groups in advocacy are outlined.

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  • The contributions to this edited collection are based on a number of the many papers first presented at the International Sociological Association conference on Professions in Transition, held in Leicester in April 1992. The original theme of the conference reflected the widespread view amongst academics that an accumulating range of changes occurring on an international scale necessitated a review of the professions.

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  • Nurses are assigned to respond to the CD calls and investigations 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. After hours, calls are relayed to public health through our dispatch 911 service. (An updated contact schedule for public health personnel is provided each Friday to the Sheriff’s office 911dispatch office.) As we learned during the H1N1 pandemic of 2009/10, a large outbreak or public health emergency would require far greater resources than this department has available. Federal dollars were provided for the H1N1 response.

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