Xem 1-20 trên 280 kết quả Health decisions
  • Environmental health decision making can be a complex undertaking, as there is the need to navigate and find balance among three core elements: science, policy, and the needs of the American public. Much of environmental health decision making started in the 1950s and 1960s and was focused on health effects of simple environmental exposures. However, scientific knowledge has rapidly changed as new technologies and new insights into the complexity of environment–health interactions have emerged.

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Adoption and sustainability of decision support for patients facing health decisions: an implementation case study in nursing

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  • Health literacy is “the degree to which individuals can obtain, process, and understand the basic health information and services they need to make appropriate health decisions.” It represents a constellation of skills necessary for people to function effectively in the health care environment and act appropriately on health care information. These skills include the ability to interpret documents, read and write prose (print literacy), use quantitative information (numeracy), and speak and listen effectively (oral literacy).

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  • The extent to which parents are, or should be, involved in their adolescent children’s sexual and reproductive health decisions is a complicated issue. No federal law guarantees adolescents the universal right to confidential services for contraception or sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Many states have enacted laws that explicitly allow adolescents younger than 18 to consent to contraceptive services, and all states allow minors to consent to STD services to some extent; minor consent laws implicitly guarantee confiden- tiality.

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  • SUPERVISOR'S MANAGEMENT STYLE AND EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL SATISFACTION IN A PUBLIC HEALTH AGENCY The mechanisms typically proposed to increase parental choice—vouchers, charter schools, etc.—are not at present sufficiently widespread to permit decisive empirical tests either of parental revealed preferences or of their ultimate effects on school productivity

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  • What are decision support systems (DSSs)? - Computer systems that assist decision makers - Combine “machine” or “artificial intelligence” with information about the domain of interest - Intended to make knowledge more readily available at the point of care

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  • Only peer-reviewed studies published in English in the last decade (1995–2005) were included in this review. The search was limited to the last decade in order to source the most recent, high-quality evidence [27]. This decision was justified on the grounds that systematic reviews evaluating the earlier literature found many of the included studies to be of poor or moderate methodologi- cal quality [13-15] and based on the findings of Moseley et al (2002), it was assumed that the more recent literature was more likely to be of higher methodolgical quality.

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  • The American Medical Association Complete Guide to Men’s Health provides up-to-date information that will enable you to adopt healthy habits that you can follow throughout your life. The book emphasizes the basics of a healthy lifestyle and the steps you can take to prevent illness. In clear, easy-to-understand language, this book describes how different body systems work, answers many questions you may have about common diseases and disorders, and explains how many of these conditions can be prevented.

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  • Clinical Practice Guidelines According to the 1990 Institute of Medicine definition, clinical practice guidelines are "systematically developed statements to assist practitioner and patient decisions about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances." This definition provides emphasis to several crucial features of modern guideline development. First, guidelines are created using the tools of EBM. In particular, the core of the development process is a systematic literature search followed by a review of the relevant peer-reviewed literature.

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  • We are rapidly approaching the end of two decades of publication of the Annual Review of Nursing Research (ARNR) series. This nineteenth volume follows a pattern established in the eighteenth, that is, the entire volume is devoted to one area of nursing research. In this nineteenth volume the focus is women's health. Drs. Diana Taylor and Nancy Woods, well-known scientists in women's health research, have served as volume editors. They selected the content as well as the authors; their editing created this comprehensive volume,...

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  • Under GHI, the U.S. is committed to supporting partner country government efforts to streamline reporting and administrative requirements. We are supporting country-led data collection and analysis and harmonizing GHI report- ing requirements with those of other donors and multilateral organizations.

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  • Once the law goes into effect, individuals who do not have minimal essential coverage will be required to pay a tax penalty. e penalty will be waived if the cost of coverage exceeds 8 percent of family income, if an individual is uninsured for fewer than three months, if an individual’s income is below the federal tax-filing threshold, or if the individual meets other criteria for exemption described in the ACA. New employerresponsibility provisions will apply to firms with 50 or more full-time equivalent employees.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'environmental health sciences decision making risk management, evidence, and ethics', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Breasts lose tissue and subcutaneous fat, reducing breast size and fullness. Most of the mammary glands are replaced by fat tissue so make the breast less firm. Nipple may turn in slightly. The area surrounding the nipple (the areola) becomes smaller and may nearly disappear. Lumps are common around the time of menopause. Breast cancer risk increases with age. Women should perform monthly breast self-examinations and should also talk to their health care provider about mammograms (Breast scans). Changes in the Vision Aging eyes produce fewer tears.

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  • Theoretical development in the area of health change in an older population began with the realization that the rapid mortality decline among the old beginning in the late 1960s could be linked to important population health consequences (15, 75). Fries (36) generated some of the interest in trends in health with his promotion of the idea that there was an ongoing “compression of morbidity.

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  • Individuals are then identified as workers and nonworkers (i.e., the unemployed and the respective dependents/ spouses of workers). Workers are assigned employer wage distribution characteristics from EDD 2007 data based on firm size and insurance offer status from their MEPS record. e firms are then statistically matched to the Employer Sponsored Insurance (ESI) data from the 2010 CEHBS, which contains additional information on the actuarial value of the health plans offered.

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  • Newspaper headlines underscore the challenges that the health professions face in this period of dramatic change in the American health care enterprise: critical shortages of nurses and other health professionals, tight budgets and rising health care costs, increasing public concern about patient safety and medical errors, and rising criticism of the quality of care that Americans receive, to name a few. Indeed, the health professions and health care industry are fighting to retain the public’s confidence that the U.S. health care system can continue to be the world’s best....

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  • Jamie C Brehaut*1,2, Alison Lott5, Dean A Fergusson1,2, Kaveh G Shojania6, Jonathan Kimmelman4 and Raphael Saginur1,3 Address: 1Ottawa Health Research Institute, Ottawa Hospital, Civic Campus, 1053 Carling Avenue, Ottawa, Ontario, K1Y 4E9, Canada, 2Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, 451 Smyth Road, Ottawa, Ontario, K1H 8M5, Canada, 3Research Ethics Board, The Ottawa Hospital, Civic Campus, Civic Parkdale Clinic, Suite 470, 737 Parkdale Avenue, Ottawa, Ontario, K1Y 1J8, Canada, 4Biomedical Ethics Unit, McGill University, 3647 Peel S...

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  • Health literacy, as defined by Ratzan and Parker2 and adopted by Healthy People 20102,3 and the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in their 2004 report Health Literacy: A Prescription to End Confusion4 is “the degree to which individuals can obtain, process, and understand the basic health information and services they need to make appropriate health decisions.” The concept of health literacy represents a constellation of skills necessary to function effectively in the health care environment and act appropriately on health care information.

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  • Women leak, inevitably and often bountifully. Menstrual blood, birth fluids, breast milk and sometimes tears lead us to be seen as leakier than men at a physical level. Women are often seen to work through a network of relationships, a web, rather than the hierarchy of male decision-making (Gilligan 1982). Within such a web of relationships, emotions, knowledge and other personal attributes flow, often freely, sometimes unconsciously. Dirt is defined by Mary Douglas as ‘matter out of place’ (Douglas 1966).

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