Countries in the WHO European Region face enormous challenges in working
to promote the mental well-being of their populations, to prevent mental health
problems in marginalized and vulnerable groups and to treat, care for and support
the recovery of people with mental health problems. Mental health has growing
priority across the Region, owing to the awareness of both the human and
economic costs to society and the suffering of individuals.
Twenty-one targets for health for all have been set, which specifically spell out the needs of the
whole European Region and suggest the necessary actions to improve the situation. They will
provide the “benchmarks” against which to measure progress in improving and protecting
health, and in reducing health risks. These 21 targets together constitute an inspirational
framework for developing health policies in the countries of the European Region.
States seeking to operate a State-based Exchange or electing to participate in a State Partnership
Exchange must submit a complete Exchange Blueprint no later than 30 business days prior to the
required Approval date of January 1 (November 16, 2012 for plan year 2014).
A State may submit its Declaration Letter at any time prior to this deadline.
This paper is intended to give information on the issue of Female Genital Mutilation/
Cutting (FMG/C)1 and to highlight opportunities for the Bank to address the issue of
FGM/C within its overall development agenda and poverty reduction strategy.
Overall, the Bank has been rather conservative terms of dealing with the issue FGM/C.
Shalom is one of the most beautiful words in existence. It literally
means “nothing missing, nothing broken.”1 It also means to be completely
whole in every way. Shalom is perfect peace.2
Our Lord Jesus is the Prince of Shalom. (Isa. 9:6.) His greatest
desire for you is that you live in health, prosperity, joy, and absolute
fulfillment in every area of your life. If even a small part of your life is
lacking any part of these, He feels it. You must realize that your Lord
loves you with a perfect love. He cherishes every breath you take.
The pebble was tossed into the water by Charles
Darwin in 1872 when he declared in his book The
Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals
that humans are not the only members of the animal
kingdom that experience a wide array of emotions
and feelings. Despite the reputation of the renowned
biologist, the ripples that this tiny rock generated
went largely unappreciated at the time. In fact, these
ripples remained quite small until the middle of the
“Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness,” a phrase taken directly
from the Declaration of Independence, indicates the basic values identified
by the founders of our nation. Of the three, life is the most fundamental
as without it, liberty and the pursuit of happiness are meaningless.
Health, of course, is the underpinning of life and therefore, it is puzzling
that there is so little general demand for an explicit public emphasis on
nourishing health as a personal and social resource.
CSSP helps provide state policymakers with research-informed, results-based policy strategies to
support child and family well-being in their states through PolicyForResult.org. This web-based
tool provides guidance on maximizing federal resources and highlights state examples of
effective policies and financing approaches; which is critical during tough economic times. This
paper is intended to be a companion piece to the promote children’s social, emotional, behavioral
health section on PolicyForResults.org.
Several countries are now collaborating with each other to use satellite for tele-
education and tele-medicine. Space technology has now proliferated into everyday life
particularly in developing economies through wireless communication, navigation, disaster
communication, tele-education and tele-health care (Sengupta, 2008). Not only developing
but developed nations are also using benefits of satellite system.
Since 2005, the international development
perspectives have broadened, with new funding
sources, partnerships and configurations of
stakeholders. Global public-health initiatives
such as the Global Alliance for Vaccines and
Immunisation (GAVI) and the Global Fund to fight
AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) have
matured their operations and increasingly become
significant sources of revenue for national health
budgets in many low-income countries.
Earlier in the year, when the affiliate rule was first implemented, the state expected that
the planned expansion of Medicaid to non-elderly adults with incomes under 133% of poverty
under the Affordable Care Act in 2014 would ensure that most of the low-income WHP clients
would become eligible for Medicaid and that additional support might only be needed for those
women with incomes between 138% and 185% of poverty.
The recognition of gender equality as a cross-cutting issue in the Paris Declaration and the OECD-DAC’s gender marker
system to assess the contribution of overseas development assistance (ODA) to gender equality goals have also been
important contributions to greater effectiveness. With its emphasis on development effectiveness and the recognition of
gender equality and the empowerment of women as critical to achieving development results, the Busan Partnership for
Effective Development Cooperation also advances progress through a series of concrete commitments.
At the same time that the UN was debating cloning,
UNESCO was developing a Universal Declaration on
Bioethics that attempts to outline some practical
expressions of a principle of social responsibility.
Alignment and harmonization of sexual
and reproductive health
The 6 years since the Paris Declaration on Aid
Effectiveness (4) have marked a significant change
in awareness of the importance of coordination of
resources for health and development – though
reviews of progress at the Accra Agenda for Action
in 2008 (4) suggested that there was a need for a
greater shift towards alignment with government
policies and national systems (such as monitoring
and procurement) than had already occurred.
each year some eight million of the estimated 210
million women who become pregnant, suffer life-
threatening complications related to pregnancy. in 2000,
an estimated 529,000 women died during pregnancy
and childbirth from largely preventable causes; 2.7
million infants are stillborn every year and three million
infants die within the first seven days of life. globally,
the maternal mortality ratio has not changed over the
past decade. Ninety-nine percent of all maternal deaths
occur in developing countries16
. Somalia has one of
the highest maternal mortality ratios in the world.
The UN General Assembly Cloning debate evolved from
calls for a Convention to the formulation of a Declaration,
as a way to bridge the division over the international
governance issues. The United Nations Declaration on
Human Cloning (A/RES/59/280) was thus adopted on
8th of March, 2005. The Declaration was passed with 84
countries supporting it, 34 against, while 37 abstained.
Comparisons are made between the reasoning of
countries for and against the Declaration. Research
efforts on reproductive as well as therapeutic cloning
continue to be governed by national law and policy.
Future options for international governance of cloning
could include further work by UNESCO IBC on the issue
of reproductive and research cloning, in the context
of resolution A/RES/59/280 and also in the context of
the Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human
Rights, which was adopted by the General Conference
of UNESCO on the 19th of October 2005. The UN GA
Sixth committee takes up the issue of customary
international law on cloning.
Protection of human dignity is one of the cardinal principles
of bioethics and has been enshrined in a number of
international instruments. Most notable in relation to the
present discussion is the UNESCO Universal Declaration
on the Human Genome and Human Rights which state
in article 11, that:” Practices which are contrary to human
dignity, such as reproductive cloning of human beings,
shall not be permitted.
Businesses with regional offices may need to consider rotating service delivery from
hard hit areas to influenza-free areas, or areas that have been declared to be in a post-
Restrictions on movement of people from region to region may be imposed, and rotation
of staff may therefore be difficult. Businesses with overseas offices, or which use
services outsourced from overseas (e.g. call centres), may be disproportionately
affected. Not all countries have the means to cope with a pandemic.
Packaging must consist of readily recyclable material, and/or materials
taken from renewable resources, or be a multi-use system, i.e. reusable.
All packaging materials shall be easily separable by hand into recyclable
parts consisting of one material (e.g. cardboard, paper, plastic, textile).
Verification: A description of the product packaging shall be provided
together with a corresponding declaration of compliance with these
criteria. Proof should be provided in compliance with BS EN 13430 on
recyclability or BS EN 13429 on reusability, or equivalent. ...