(BQ) Part 1 book "Bates' pocket guide to physical examination and history taking" presents the following contents: Overview - Physical examination and history taking; clinical reasoning, assessment and recording your findings; interviewing and the health history; behavior and mental status; the head and neck;... and other contents.
Leading cause of death in human population:
Most important contributions to public
health in last 100 yrs:
JENNER – smallpox vaccine.
PASTEUR – rabies vaccine.
Global eradication of smallpox (1980).
Future global eradication of polio.
This chapter provides a brief overview of the history of
women’s health and the array of factors that have played
a central role in shaping it. First, it presents a background
describing gender-based disparities in health care. It then
discusses the cultural context in which women have
been perceived by society, their representation in the
health care workforce, and the development of the medical
specialty of obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN), as
well as social, economic, and political forces that have
shaped the medical care provided to women....
In terms of economic stability and growth, in 2008 the UK food and drink industry accounted for 7% of
the national output, supporting about 3.7million jobs (Cabinet Office 2008). Trying to balance these
complex elements of sustainability poses an enormous challenge. While some synergies can be found
there are also a number of conflicting goals and potential tensions.
Today the emphasis in health and medical care is on prevention.
The American Medical Association Guide to Talking to Your
Doctor focuses on the importance of an effective patient-doctor
relationship in improving and maintaining your health and
reducing your health risks. Use this book as a tool to become an
informed, active healthcare participant and to take control of
your health and medical care.
Aboriginal peoples have distinctive perspectives and understandings, deriving from their
cultures and histories and embodied in Aboriginal languages. Research that has Aboriginal
experience as its subject matter must reflect these perspectives and understandings.
In the past, research concerning Aboriginal peoples has usually been initiated outside the
Aboriginal community and carried out by non Aboriginal people. Aboriginal people have had
almost no opportunity to correct misinformation or to challenge ethnocentric and racist
Obesity is a chronic disease, and its consequences include an elevated risk of premature death
and a variety of serious health problems such as heart disease, hypertension and stroke,
diabetes, cancer, osteoarthritis, and accidents, among others (World Health Organization
1997, 2000a). An estimated 35 million deaths from chronic diseases were expected to occur
worldwide in 2005, with 80% of them in low-income and middle-income developing
The phenomenon of forced migration dates back to the beginning of human history. In
our time, however, it has become one of the world’s major problems. Since 1945 a virtual
epidemic of armed conflict, both within and between nations, has created vast numbers of
asylum seekers, refugees and displaced persons. This has led in turn to increasing involvement
on the part of professional care workers and agencies, both governmental and
This project began many years ago in the nether regions of Widener
Library at Harvard. As a graduate student in the History of Science,
I became interested in medical views and treatment of women and
studied "the cult of female invalidism" that pervaded American culture
in the late nineteenth century. Browsing through popular magazines
and newspapers of the period, I therefore was surprised to find
images of healthy women—young girls playing croquet and badminton,
ladies exercising at home in loose-fitting garb, college students
riding bikes and rowing boats....
The use of language is often anchored in history, tradition, assumptions,
and values.Words communicate ideas that go beyond the terms and phrases
themselves. But this is by no means static; there are trends and periodic
shifts that impact how we think and understand the world around us and
help to shape the work that we do. Accordingly, a few comments about
language must precede the text that follows.
Both arts and sciences and public health should share in fostering and developing an educated citizenry. Such
citizens should be able to recognize the spectrum of global health challenges and exercise intellectual and
practical skills in response. As LEAP recommends, well-educated citizens ought to be prepared to accept
personal and social responsibility and demonstrate capacity to synthesize, integrate, and apply their learning.
Infectious diseases have been a problem for military personnel throughout history. The
consequences in previous conflicts have ranged from frequent illnesses disrupting daily activities
and readiness to widespread deaths. Preventive measures, early diagnosis, and treatment greatly
limit the exposures and acute illnesses of troops today in comparison with those in armies of the
past, but infections and consequent acute illnesses still occur. In addition, long-term adverse
health outcomes of some pathogens are increasingly recognized....
The prostate is a small gland in men. It is part of the male
The prostate is about
the size and shape of
a walnut. It sits low
in the pelvis, below
the bladder and
just in front of the
prostate helps make
semen, the milky
fluid that carries
sperm from the
the penis when a
The prostate surrounds part of the urethra, a tube that carries
urine out of the bladder and through the penis.
On the morning of September 11, 2001, with the attacks on the World Trade Center
(WTC) and the Pentagon, the world that many of us thought we knew, was altered.
While thousands of people were directly exposed to or witnessed the attacks from
close proximity, millions around the globe watched the events in real time or repeatedly
over time on news channels. The attacks of 9/11 will likely be the most witnessed
terrorist acts in modern history.
The Schoolwide MPH degree program
provides integrated training in the core
competencies of the field of public health.
MPH training gives public health professionals
the knowledge and skills they need
from a variety of disciplines to be able
to define, critically assess and resolve
public health problems. The MPH program
is designed for professionals with
prior field or academic experience who are
interested in making a difference in the
health of populations. Medical students
are also eligible for the MPH program after
they have completed their second year of
Where a woman gives birth should not decide her fate. Excessive bleeding after childbirth and high blood pressure during
pregnancy, two of the leading causes of maternal deaths, can be prevented and significantly reduced with expanded
availability of maternal health medicines and supportive policies and practices to achieve scale—a critical action for
meeting the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 5 target: reducing maternal mortality by 75 percent by 2015.
In this chapter you will find instructions on how to perform basic gynecological history taking and with a stranger. In order to reveal all important in-examination. A full gynecological history and formation to you, they need to trust you first. So, examination consists of at least a full history regar-the main aim of the first minutes of your conversa- ing general health, gynecological signs and symp- tion is to build up a trustful relationship with your toms, breast signs and symptoms and an abdominal, patient.
African states gained independence after World War II, but faced many political, social, economic, and health challenges. The Middle East has been the site of much conflict. There has been recurring violence and continuing efforts at international mediation.
Chapter 1 - An introduction to electronic health records. Chapter 1 content: Brief history of electronic health records (EHRs), history of standards development for the EHR and nursing’s role in their development, certification bodies for the EHR, benefits of the EHR, government involvement in the EHR, role of nursing informatics in healthcare.