Health information technology (HIT) provides the umbrella framework to describe the comprehensive management of health information across computerized systems and its secure exchange between consumers, providers, government and quality entities, and insurers. Health information technology (HIT) is in general increasingly viewed as the most promising tool for improving the overall quality, safety and efficiency of the health delivery system (Chaudhry et al., 2006). Broad and consistent utilization of HIT will:...
With some six billion mobile subscriptions now in use worldwide, around three-quarters of the world’s inhabitants now have access to a mobile phone. Mobiles are arguably the most ubiquitous modern technology in some developing countries, more people have access to a mobile phone than to clean water, a bank account or even electricity. Mobile communications now offer major opportunities to advance human development from providing basic access to education or health information to making cash payments and stimulating citizen involvement in democratic processes.
Chapter 6 - The privacy and security of electronic health information. After studying this chapter, you should be able to: Describe the purpose of the Administrative Simplification provisions of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), discuss how the HIPAA Privacy Rule protects patient health information, describe when protected health information can be released without patients’ authorization,…
Healthcare and healthcare delivery are currently undergoing major changes worldwide as they are increasingly
being transformed through the application of technology. Over the past several decades a wide
variety of information technologies have been deployed within an ever increasing variety of healthcare
settings (ranging from clinical to hospital, community and home settings) in an effort to streamline and
modernize healthcare delivery.
As Christine Ammer notes, the underlying
assumption of The Encyclopedia of Women’s
Health, her classic and concise reference for women’s
health, is that “every woman wants to take
responsibility for her own health.” By helping us
understand how our bodies work, the marvel of our
bodies’ normal functions and the profound consequences
of its malfunctions, and the care and treatments
available to us, she helps us to take charge
of our own health.
Technology is changing the qualifications required to perform both clinical and administrative allied health duties. Students entering the job market today must be familiar with the ways in which technology is used to perform on-the-job tasks. In particular, the understanding of electronic health records is essential. This text integrates the presentation of concepts with the opportunity to gain hands-on experience working with a simulated EHR software, Practice Partner.
Health literacy is “the degree to which individuals can obtain, process, and understand the basic health information and services they need to make appropriate health decisions.” It represents a constellation of skills necessary for people to function effectively in the health care environment and act appropriately on health care information. These skills include the ability to interpret documents, read and write prose (print literacy), use quantitative information (numeracy), and speak and listen effectively (oral literacy).
We analyze data from the 1993 Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS1), distinct in its
collection of a broad array of current and retrospective socio-economic and health information
among individuals, households, and communities2
. The selection of households is
representative of 83% of the Indonesian population, thus capturing the cultural and economic
diversity among Indonesia’s regional populations.
The Health Metrics Network (HMN) was launched in 2005 to help countries and other
partners improve global health by strengthening the systems that generate health-related
information for evidence-based decision-making. HMN is the first global health partnership
that focuses on two core requirements of health system strengthening in low and low-middle
income countries. First, the need to enhance entire health information and statistical
systems, rather than focus only upon specific diseases.
Countries in the WHO European Region face enormous challenges in working
to promote the mental well-being of their populations, to prevent mental health
problems in marginalized and vulnerable groups and to treat, care for and support
the recovery of people with mental health problems. Mental health has growing
priority across the Region, owing to the awareness of both the human and
economic costs to society and the suffering of individuals.
A silent killer maneuvers just below the surface of almost all the
health issues that will lead to death and disease in the 21st century.
The U.S. population faces well-recognized health risks, including
chronic diseases, environmental degradation, and natural and manmade
disasters, but the silent killer is less diagnosed and remains
essentially untreated. The silent killer is low health literacy: the
reality that almost half of adults in the United States, over 90 million
people, struggle to find, understand, and correctly use health
Health services research (HSR) exemplifies some of the greatest hopes and
greatest fears for collecting and analyzing computerized personal health
information. Information routinely collected in the course of providing and
paying for health care can be used by researchers to investigate the relative
effectiveness of alternative clinical interventions, of alternative methods of
organizing, delivering, and paying for health care, and of a variety of health care
policies. Such research may improve the effectiveness and efficiency of health
When one of the authors, Bart Bernstein, began practicing law
in the 1960s, the courtroom witness was treated with respect and
kindness. After taking the witness stand and providing a brief introduction
concerning his or her experience, the mental health professional
proceeded to testify about the facts as he or she knew them
and to offer an opinion concerning those facts.
Recent events make this report both timely and urgent. They have dramatically underscored the
importance of an effective, comprehensive health information infrastructure that links all health
decisionmakers, including the public. Based on public hearings about the NHII, the Committee has
determined that Federal leadership, under the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), is
the most important missing ingredient that could accelerate and coordinate progress on the NHII.
This report from the National Committee on
Vital and Health Statistics (NCVHS) outlines a
vision and a process for mobilizing the human,
institutional, and technological factors needed
to support health decisionmaking through a
National Health Information Infrastructure
(NHII). NCVHS, a public advisory committee,
is statutorily authorized to advise the Secretary
of Health and Human Services (HHS) on
national health information policy. It reports
annually to Congress on progress toward
privacy protection and administrative
In almost all Western countries, health care is in a state of radical transformation.
How can we meet the needs and demands of increasingly empowered
‘consumers’, contain costs, incorporate ‘evidence based’ modes of working, and
re-motivate health care professionals—and all at the same time? The health care
systems in Western countries are usually compared and contrasted along their
axes of difference: nationalized versus fully market-driven; tax-based versus
insurance-based financing; ‘gatekeeping’ general practitioners versus self-referral
to hospital care....