Tham khảo sách 'mental health policy and service guidance package: mental health legislation & human rights', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả
One of the hallmarks of a civilized society is the way in which it caters for those
who require help as a result of mental health problems. Mental health legislation
has generally developed internationally from that which protected society from
people with mental disorder to additionally protecting the health and safety of
people with mental disorder.
The Member States in the WHO European Region met at the WHO European Ministerial
Conference on Mental Health in Helsinki in January 2005 to tackle one of
the major threats to the well-being of Europeans: the epidemic of psychosocial distress
and mental ill health. Thanks to the long-term investment and work of many actors
in many fora, it is now possible to state that mental health no longer belongs to the
area of shameful and unspeakable things. Instead, it has been brought to the centre of
the public health policy arena....
- They can be used individually or as a package. They are cross-referenced with
each other for ease of use. Countries may wish to go through each of the modules
systematically or may use a specific module when the emphasis is on a particular area
of mental health. For example, countries wishing to address mental health legislation
may find the module entitled Mental Health Legislation and Human Rights useful for
- They can be used as a training package for mental health policy-makers, planners
and others involved in organizing, delivering and funding mental health services.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài:Occupational health legislation and practices related to seafarers on passenger ships focused on communicable diseases: results from a European cross-sectional study (EU SHIPSAN PROJECT)
Countries in the WHO European Region face enormous challenges in working
to promote the mental well-being of their populations, to prevent mental health
problems in marginalized and vulnerable groups and to treat, care for and support
the recovery of people with mental health problems. Mental health has growing
priority across the Region, owing to the awareness of both the human and
economic costs to society and the suffering of individuals.
There are many ways to improve the lives of people with mental disorders. One important way
is through policies, plans and programmes that lead to better services. To implement such
policies and plans, one needs good legislation–that is, laws that place the policies and plans in
the context of internationally accepted human rights standards and good practices. This
Resource Book aims to assist countries in drafting, adopting and implementing such legislation.
The 2012 Towers Watson/National Business
Group on Health Employer Survey on Purchasing
Value in Health Care provides many strategic
insights into the actions and plans of leading U.S.
employers. It also offers views of what the future
of employer-provided health care in the U.S. may
look like this year and in the coming three years.
This analysis comes at a time when employers are
still facing a number of long-term challenges, such
as controlling growing costs, improving employee
engagement and accountability, and optimizing the
total rewards mix.
This report is being published at a time of great opportunity in health care. Legislation passed
in March 2010 will provide insurance coverage for 32 million more Americans. The implications
of this new demand on the nation’s health care system are significant. How can the system
accommodate the increased demand while improving the quality of health care services provided
to the American public?
Nursing represents the largest sector of the health professions, with more than 3 million
registered nurses in the United States.
TRICARE, the program through which military health system beneficiaries access health care services, provides coverage for most medically necessary mental health care delivered by qualified providers. Federal legislation in 2001 required the Department of Defense to conduct a demonstration project involving expanded access under TRICARE to a particular type of mental health service provider
Public expenditure on health is financed mainly through a combination of
contributions and general tax revenue transfers to the health insurance scheme.
There has been increasing reliance on the latter in recent years.
Participation in the health insurance scheme is compulsory for all citizens
living in Hungary, and opting out is not permitted. Based on the current legal
framework, coverage should theoretically be 100%, but the health insurance
status of approximately 4% of the population is unclear. The benefits package
is comprehensive but not exhaustive.
Health service executive: Waste management awareness handbook presents about Health Service Executive (HSE) Waste Policy, National Legislation, Responsibility of Holder of Waste, Prevention and Minimisation, Healthcare Waste.
The Affordable Care Act, landmark health legislation passed
in 2010, created the National Prevention Council and called
for the development of the National Prevention Strategy to
realize the benefits of prevention for all Americans’ health. The
National Prevention Strategy is critical to the prevention focus
of the Affordable Care Act and builds on the law’s efforts to
lower health care costs, improve the quality of care, and provide
coverage options for the uninsured.
Preventing disease and injuries is key to improving America’s
This Institute of Medicine/National Research Council report was
in response to a congressional request that the U.S. Food and
Drug Administration (FDA) contract with the National Academies
for a comprehensive study of gaps in public health protection provided by
the food safety system in the United States. In particular, the study was to
review the role of the FDA in ensuring the safety of the nation’s food supply.
This ASTRA network paper examines barriers to accessing reproductive health services and
supplies in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). The paper finds that reproductive health is not
prioritised in government policies: they lack a commitment to recognise reproductive health
supplies as an important component of public health and human rights and there is no adequate
legislation and policy in this area. Condoms are widely available, but their cost is often high,
especially for young people.
Publication of this book is a milestone for the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative
Council. It demonstrates the Council's unique capacity to bring together water and
sanitation professionals from industrialised and developing countries to formulate
practical guidance on a key issue of the day.
Industrialised countries have extensive experience of the problems caused by water
pollution and the strategies and technologies available to control it.
Demographic and epidemiological transitions and changes in lifestyle are leading to the
emergence of cancer and other chronic diseases as public health problems in India. Cancer
pattern in India reveals the predominance of tobacco related cancers, which are amenable
to primary prevention. Cancer Registries in different parts of the country reveal that majority
of cancer cases present in an advanced stage and makes treatment options prolonged and
Article 87 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland mentions – among the universally
binding legislation – also ratiﬁ ed international conventions/agreements. It means that these con-
ventions/agreements form a part of the domestic legal order and have precedence over national
laws in the event of potential collision with these laws, if they have been ratiﬁ ed upon prior consent
granted by the Act of Parliament (Article 91 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland).
In both the United Kingdom and the United States of America,
there is a legislative framework that assigns a very large measure
of responsibility to employers for the health and safety of their
employees. The detailed approach is slightly different and readers
need to familiarise themselves with the requirements. Where they
have doubts, they should consult the enforcing authorities for
• The Health and Safety Executive (United Kingdom)
• Occupational Safety and Health Administration (United States
Chapter 125. Health Care– Associated Infections (Part 2)
Organization, Responsibilities, and Increasing Scrutiny of InfectionControl Programs
The standards of the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations require all accredited hospitals to have an active program for surveillance, prevention, and control of nosocomial infections. Education of physicians in infection control and health care epidemiology is required in infectious disease fellowship programs and is available by online courses.