Xem 1-20 trên 248 kết quả Health psychology
  • The past century has witnessed a dramatic increase in both life expectancy and the number of older adults. This demographic trend will be greatly accelerated in the next 10 years, as the first wave of baby boomers reaches retirement age. This trend is seen even more strongly among the oldest-old. For example, the 85+ population increased by 38% in the 1990s, from 3.1 million in 1990 to 4.2 million in 2000 (Hetzel & Smith, 2001).

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  • would like to introduce this encyclopedia of psychology by focusing on both twenty-first century and more distant historical contexts, while additionally highlighting the scope and depth of the work of psychologists, their students, and their supporters. As reading these volumes will show, psychology is a diverse and large field. It is also a science. I remind readers that most of the research described in these volumes is completed through the silent contributions of tens of thousands of volunteers as well as nonhuman animal participants.

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  • The aim of this volume is to focus on how counseling psychology fosters and builds optimal human strength and well-being. Counseling psychology in some form has always been a vital part of promoting good health and preventing mental, physical, and social disorders. The chapters in this book show how counseling psychology plays a major role in helping people make changes at home, work, and in the community in ways that prevent disease risk and strengthen personal and social resources.

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  • There is ample scientific evidence that working (and other organizational) life and its conditions are powerful determinants of health, for better or for worse. The relationship works both ways. Work affects health but health, more often than not, also affects a person’s productivity and earning capacity as well as his or her social and family relationships. Needless to say, this holds true for all aspects of health, both physical and mental (Levi, 2002).

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  • The study of behaviours that influence health and the factors determining which individuals will and will not perform such behaviours has become a key area of research within health psychology. As the second edition of this book testifies, there is a considerable and impressive body of research in this area. The purpose of this book is to provide in a single source an overview of current research and practical details of how to apply the most widely used social cognition models to the prediction of the performance of health behaviours....

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  • The importance of psychology and health, multiculturalism, and a focus on strengths and positive psychology are the dynamic issues of psychology in this new millennium. These central issues in psychological research and practice today form the backbone of the Handbook of Girls’ and Women’s Psychological Health. To encounter all three integrated into a handbook on women and girls is like fantasizing a feast and having it appear on your table.

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  • Ten years ago when I wrote the foreword to the first edition of this book, the concept of women’s health was changing at a rapid pace. The focus was just shifting from solely reproductive issues and biological factors, to an expanded perception that women’s health encompasses biological, familial, cultural, economic, emotional, psychological, and behavioral elements of each woman and her sociopolitical environment, beyond just the reproductive organs and across her entire lifespan.

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  • Having worked in and traveled to many countries, most recently as the Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Thailand to the United Nations, I have seen people in different societies react to trauma in various ways. While experts contributed to this important book, Trauma Psychology: Issues in Violence, Disaster, Health, and Illness, I share my perspectives from serving the people of Thailand and other nations and from my experiences in the aftermath of the 2004 tsunami that struck the cities and towns in the Indian Ocean rim, including Thailand.

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  • This edition of theHandbook of Counseling Psychologylik,e all three prior editions, has three primary objectives: (1) to provide a scholarly review of important areas of counseling psychology inquiry, (2) to elaborate directions for future research, and (3) to draw specific suggestions for practice that derive from the scholarly literature in counseling psychology and related disciplines.

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  • In the opinion of Dorothea Brandt, author of the famous Becoming a Writer (1981), all writing is autobiographical in one way or another. Hence this book may be seen to represent not only something about its topic, person-centred counselling psychology, but also something about me, as its author. Certainly, the focus of the book evolved from the disparate strands of my own career, firstly as an academic psychologist, then, as a person-centred counsellor, and now as a counselling psychologist.

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  • As a long-standing advocate for understanding issues of cultural and ethnic diversity, I have served as President of APA Division 45, Society for the Psychological Study of Ethnic Minority Issues, and currently chair the American Psychological Association’s Commission for the Recruitment, Retention and Training of Ethnic Minorities implementation task force (CEMRRAT2). Both of these organizations were instrumental in the approval of the APA Multicultural Guidelines for Practice and the promotion of empirical research addressing mental health issues of ethnic minority clinical populations.

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  • More than an accidental injury, more than a serious illness, more than a natural disaster, the trauma of crime victimization goes beyond physical and psychological injury: It robs us of the very faith we have in the human world. Although eclipsed in recent headlines by terrorism, the common everyday violations of civilized behavior that our own citizens continue to perpetrate on one another are no less wrenching.

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  • This invaluable new resource presents a state-of-the-art account of the psychology of pain from leading researchers. It features contributions from clinical, social, and biopsychological perspectives, the latest theories of pain, as well as basic processes and applied issues. The book opens with an introduction to the history of pain theory and the epidemiology of pain. It then explores theoretical work, including the gate control theory/neuromatrix model, as well as biopsychosocial, cognitive/behavioral, and psychodynamic perspectives.

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  • Psychology at the beginning of the twenty-“rst century has become a highly diverse “eld of scienti“c study and applied technology. Psychologists commonly regard their discipline as the science of behavior, and the American Psychological Association has formally designated 2000 to 2010 as the •Decade of Behavior.ŽThe pursuits of behavioral scientists range from the natural sciences to the social sciences and embrace a wide variety of objects of investigation.

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  • Mental health and legal professionals face formidable challenges in applying their knowledge and expertise to the criminal justice system. This book addresses psycholegal issues from both law (e.g., statutes, case law, and legal theory) and clinical-forensic (e.g., empirically based knowledge and specialized methods) perspectives.Within the criminal justice system, it considers the major legal, empirical, and forensic issues found in the law–mental health interface.

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  • Children and adolescents with good mental health are able to achieve and maintain optimal psychological and social functioning and well-being. They have a sense of identity and self-worth, sound family and peer relationships, an ability to be productive and to learn, and a capacity to tackle developmental challenges and use cultural resources to maximize growth. Moreover, the good mental health of children and adolescents is crucial for their active social and economic participation.

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  • Evidence-Based Counselling and Psychological Therapies assesses the impact of the international drive towards evidence-based health care on NHS policy and the provision of psychological services in the NHS. An outstanding range of contributors provides an overview of evidencebased health care and the research methods that underpin it, demonstrating its effect on policy, provision, practitioners and patients.

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  • HANDBOOK of PSYCHOLOGY VOLUME 9 HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY Arthur M. Nezu Christine Maguth Nezu Pamela A. Geller Volume Editors Irving B. Weiner Editor-in-Chief John Wiley & Sons, Inc. HANDBOOK of PSYCHOLOGY

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  • The purpose of this book is to present a basic yet comprehensive treatment of assessment methods for use by health professions educators. While there are many excellent textbooks in psychometric theory and its application to large-scale standardized testing programs and many educational measurement and assessment books designed for elementary and secondary teachers and graduate students in education and psychology, none of these books is entirely appropriate for the specialized educational and assessment requirements of the health professions.

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  • Our base scenario for enrollment in the Exchange is based on the probabilities found in the literature due to changes in cost of coverage for individuals with different incomes, health status, English proficiency, and starting point of coverage. In the enhanced scenario, we assume that language is not a barrier to enrollment, that eligibility and enrollment processes and systems are simplified, and that the state launches a robust outreach and education effort to make individuals aware of their coverage options.

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