Xem 1-20 trên 21 kết quả Healthcare delivery
  • It is expected that the prescription of drugs and treatments tailored for the right patient at the right time will increase the efficiency of healthcare delivery and reduce healthcare costs. Applied healthcare studies will be required to obtain evidence for this assumption so that those who reimburse healthcare costs can incentivise the introduction of personalised drug prescription.

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  • Chapter aims to give an introduction into the com-plexities of healthcare delivery and to sensitizing health providers on issues outside immediate healthcare provision. The example of ‘introduction of a program for cervical cancer screening’ will be used throughout this chapter as a guide through different aspects of the health system.

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  • Healthcare and healthcare delivery are currently undergoing major changes worldwide as they are increasingly being transformed through the application of technology. Over the past several decades a wide variety of information technologies have been deployed within an ever increasing variety of healthcare settings (ranging from clinical to hospital, community and home settings) in an effort to streamline and modernize healthcare delivery.

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  • Improvements in healthcare delivery in recent years are rooted in the continued industry-wide investment in information technology and the expanding role of medical informatics. Endeavors to combine medical science and technology have resulted in a growing knowledge base of techniques and applications for healthcare delivery and information management in support of patient care, research and education.

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  • The American Nurses Association (ANA) Social Policy Statement of 1980 was the first to define nursing as the diagnosis and treatment of human responses to actual and potential health problems. This definition, when combined with the ANA Standards of Practice, has provided impetus and support for the use of nursing diagnosis. Defining nursing and its effect on client care supports the growing awareness that nursing care is a key factor in client survival and in the maintenance, rehabilitative, and preventive aspects of healthcare.

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  • While computer systems to document nursing care have been in existence since at least the early 1960’s, it was only in the early 1980’s that we began to formally define and describe the emerging discipline of nursing informatics. Since those early days, nurses in many parts of the world have taken leading roles in exploring, implementing, researching and promoting the use of a range of increasingly computerised, and increasingly networked, technologies to support the delivery of nursing and all other aspects of healthcare.

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  • More than half a million women and girls are held in prisons throughout the world, either as remand or sentenced prisoners. In Europe, about 100 000 women and girls are in prison (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2008). Women constitute a very small proportion of the general prison population worldwide, usually between 2% and 9% of a country’s prison population. Only 12 prison systems worldwide report a higher percentage than that. The median level in Europe is 4.4%.

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  • In its most basic form, Lean Manufacturing is the systematic elimination of waste by focusing on production costs, product quality and delivery, and worker involvement. It is defined, in its modern form, by the Toyota Manufacturing system invented by Shigeo Shingo and Taiichi Ohno in the 1950's. While “waste” has always been thought of as an undesirable by-product of most factory production systems, many have also considered this an inevitable “end-of-pipe” control expense on the corporate balance sheet.

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  • The Royal College of Physicians plays a leading role in the delivery of high-quality patient care by setting standards of medical practice and promoting clinical excellence. We provide physicians in the United Kingdom and overseas with education, training and support throughout their careers. As an independent body representing over 20,000 Fellows and Members worldwide, we advise and work with government, the public, patients and other professions to improve health and healthcare.

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  • Transparency of information is another factor defining a delivery system. Access to information on conditions, treatments, quality, and pricing greatly affects the choice by patients/consumers and, therefore, the incentives of medical professionals. While the US healthcare system has come under fire for lack of openness,[8] new legislation may encourage greater openness. There is a perceived tension between the need for transparency on the one hand and such issues as patient confidentiality and the possible exploitation of information for commercial gain on the other....

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  • The physical examination is the examination of the patient looking for signs of disease ('Symptoms' are what the patient volunteers, 'Signs' are what the healthcare provider detects by examination). The healthcare provider uses the senses of sight, hearing, touch, and sometimes smell (e.g., in infection, uremia, diabetic ketoacidosis). Taste has been made redundant by the availability of modern lab tests. Four actions are taught as the basis of physical examination: inspection, palpation (feel), percussion (tap to determine resonance characteristics), and auscultation (listen).

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  • At the same time, employees continue to face a growing affordability gap as their out-of-pocket health care costs rise at a higher rate than their income and the Consumer Price Index (CPI), and it becomes more difi cult to save for retirement. Amid the political, legislative and judicial uncertainty, most employers are steadfast in their commitment to keeping active health care benei ts as a central component of their employee value proposition.

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  • Many people in the US healthcare industry, our government, and the press use the terms electronic medical record (EMR) and electronic health record (EHR) interchangeably. However, these terms describe completely different concepts, both of which are crucial to the success of local, regional, and national goals to improve patient safety, improve the quality and efficiency of patient care, and reduce healthcare delivery costs. EHRs are reliant on EMRs being in place, and EMRs will never reach their full potential without interoperable EHRs in place.

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  • Non-adherence should not be seen as the patient’s problem. It represents a fundamental limitation in the delivery of healthcare, often because of a failure to fully agree the prescription in the first place or to identify and provide the support that patients need later on. Addressing non-adherence is not about getting patients to take more medicines per se. Rather, it starts with an exploration of patients’ perspectives of medicines and the reasons why they may not want or are unable to use them.

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  • When big data is distilled and analyzed in combination with traditional enterprise data, enterprises can develop a more thorough and insightful understanding of their business, which can lead to enhanced productivity, a stronger competitive position and greater innovation – all of which can have a significant impact on the bottom line. For example, in the delivery of healthcare services, management of chronic or long-term conditions is expensive.

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  • Nursing in Today’s World: Trends, Issues, and Management, 10th edition focuses on the nonclinical aspects of the professional nursing role. Much of this content is just as critical to practicing safely as is competence in the performance of clinical skills. As nursing steps up to play a major role in the changes brought about by healthcare reform, knowledge of the profession and its place in the healthcare environment has never been more important.

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  • Strategic actions aiming at elderly health are: implementing the Caderneta de Saúde for the elderly, with relevant information about their health, permitting better follow-ups by healthcare workers; Family Health Strategy; stimulating the Permanent Distance Education Program, implementing permanent education activities in the field of aging and elderly health, focused on workers in the basic healthcare network; establishing the Welcoming, by reorganizing the process of welcoming elderly patients in healthcare units; establishing Pharmaceutical Care, developing actions that aim at...

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  • The use of hospital admission rates for ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSCs) has become an established tool for analyzing access to care [1,2]. ACSCs are conditions for which good outpatient care can potentially prevent the need for hospitalization. High rates of hospital admissions for ACSCs may provide evidence of problems with patient access to primary healthcare, inadequate skills and resources, or a mismatch in services.

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  • With parallel breakthroughs occurring in molecular biology and nanoscience/technology, the newly recognized research thrust on “nanomedicine” is expected to have a revolutionary impact on the future of healthcare. To advance nanotechnology research for cancer prevention, diagnosis, and treatment, the United States National Cancer Institute (NCI) established the Alliance for Nanotechnology in Cancer in September 2004 and has pledged $144.3 million in the next five years (for details, visit http://nano.cancer.gov).

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  • Taking experiences of low resource setting into account, upgrading the quality and coverage of safe motherhood services (including neonatal care) will have the largest payoff in averting deaths and reducing disability among women and children in Bangladesh. For scaling up of these tasks, building a functioning primary healthcare system from community level to the first referral-level facilities is essential. Particular emphasis should be placed on developing human resources for health (HRH) in this sector, e.g.

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