Healthy sexuality

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  • Th is book represents what we have learned in our combined seventy years as clinical psychologists, sex and marital therapists, and teachers and researchers. We are especially indebted to our clients and students who have taught us so much and added to the quality of the material in this book.

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  • When a woman is healthy, she has the energy and strength to do her daily work, to fulfill the many roles she has in her family and community, and to build satisfying relationships with others. In other words, a woman’s health affects every area of her life. Yet for many years, ‘women’s health care’ has meant little more than maternal health services such as care during pregnancy and bir th. These services are necessary, but they address women’s needs only as mothers.

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  • This toolkit is the result of teamwork between sexual and reproductive health practitioners working with young people in Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe and Uganda. The first version of the toolkit was developed with International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Planned Parenthood Association of Zambia, Young, Happy, Healthy and Safe, the Ministries of Health and Education, and peer educators and young people in rural Eastern Province, Zambia. The toolkit was tested by peer educators and revised on the basis of their experience and the lessons learned in monitoring.

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  • For each of the three external sources, in addition to national results, results limited to the six province area covered by the SEC are also shown to increase comparability with the SEC. As comparisons between national and SEC area results from the external sources make clear, the older population in the six SEC provinces resembles fairly closely the older population at the national level, at least with respect to the characteristics included in the table.

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  • Displacing older people as heads of households and depriving them of their autonomy in the name of affection are cultural norms even in countries where the family is the central institution and the sense of filial obligation is strong (11). Such infantilization and overprotection can leave the older person isolated, depressed and demoralized, and can be considered a form of abuse. In some traditional societies, older widows are abandoned and their property seized.

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  • The first function, sperm cell formation, occurs in the two testes. The formation of sperm requires a temperature that is a few degrees cooler than the temperature of the rest of the body. How is this temperature reduction produced? The testes are suspended within a sac called the scrotum. Because it is not located within the body cavity, the temperature of the scrotum is a few degrees lower than normal body temperature. The scrotum is an adaptation that has evolved to increase the chances of pro- ducing healthy sperm. Inside the testes are a great many tiny tubes, or tubules.

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  • Mehta and Shahpar (2004) present a cost-effectiveness analysis of household air pollution control interventions by WHO regions with significant SFU prevalence. Benefits are healthy years gained from reduced risk of ALRI in children and COPD in adult females and males based on regional data from WHO. An improved stove is assumed to reduce SFU pollution exposure and health effects by 75 percent. Per household annualized cost of cooking systems range across regions from $40-90 for LPG, $10-20 for kerosene, and $3-24 for improved stove ($3-5 in Africa and Asia).

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  • The mathematical sciences are part of everyday life. Modern communication, transportation, science, engineering, technol- ogy, medicine, manufacturing, security, and finance all depend on the mathematical sciences, which consist of mathematics, statistics, operations research, and theoretical computer science. In addition, there are very mathematical people working in theoretical areas of most fields of science and engineering who also contribute to the mathematical sciences.

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  • Programs, to be effective, must “do it right.” It will be important to implement a sound curriculum and adequately train and support teachers and students. The common characteristics of successful sexuality education programs apply equally in Nigeria as elsewhere. Maintaining these characteristics as the program extends nationally will require attention to technical standards as well as to political and budgetary support.

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  • Many societies recognize the reproductive health threats facing young people—especially HIV infection and unwanted pregnancy—and see the schools as an appropriate venue for addressing such threats. They are, however, also concerned with upholding traditions and beliefs, including the expectation that young people abstain from sexual activity until marriage. Thus, traditional and religious leaders—who view themselves as the repository and transmitters of community values and beliefs—are often in the forefront of opposition to sexuality education in the schools.

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  • It has been known for over 100 years that providing healthy food and social support at school is one method of improving attendance and enabling young people from disadvantaged backgrounds to benefit from the education provided. Healthy young people who attend school tend to learn better and good education leads to healthier people. Sometimes the difference between cause and effect may not be clear.

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  • Goof Buijs is the coordinator of the School Programme at the Netherlands Insti- tute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. After obtaining a degree in human nutrition, he worked as a health sciences teacher at the Graduate School of Teaching and Learning in Amsterdam and as a health promotion officer for school health in Amsterdam. Since 1995 he has worked at the Netherlands Insti- tute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, where he is involved in developing and implementing the health-promoting schools strategy in the Netherlands.

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  • For example, despite a lack of prenatal care that parallels that of African-Americans, Latina mothers are far less likely to deliver low birth-weight babies with medical complications. Researchers hypothesize that this is because of healthy behaviors (avoidance of alcohol, non-smoking, high consumption of fruits and vegetables) that are more common in immigrant Latino cultures. Researchers can pinpoint health disparities among communities, but they are also beginning to recognize the wealth of healthy traditions that other cultures have to offer.

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  • Sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) is a phrase used to encompass fundamental human rights relating to people’s sexual and reproductive health, as well as services that are required to ensure that all people can fully realise these rights.

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  • If lymphoma returns after treatment, you may receive stem cell transplantation. A transplant of blood- forming stem cells allows you to receive high doses of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or both. The high doses destroy both lymphoma cells and healthy blood cells in your bone marrow. Stem cell transplants take place in the hospital. After you receive high-dose treatment, healthy blood- forming stem cells are given to you through a flexible tube placed in a large vein in your neck or chest area. New blood cells develop from the transplanted stem cells....

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  • Preventing disease requires more than providing people with information to make healthy choices. While knowledge is critical, communities must reinforce and support health, for example, by making healthy choices easy and affordable.

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  • At the start of the 21st century, the learning potential of significant numbers of children and young people in every country in the world is compromised. Hunger, malnutrition, micronutrient deficiencies, parasite infections, drug and alcohol abuse, violence and injury, early and unintended pregnancy, and infection with HIV and other sexually transmitted infections threaten the health and lives of children and youth (UNESCO, 2001). Yet these conditions and behaviours can be improved.

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  • Sexual and reproductive health (SRH) was given an international consensus def- inition at the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in 1994. At its core is the promotion of healthy, voluntary and safe sexual and reproductive choices for individuals and couples, including decisions on family size and timing of marriage, that are fundamental to human well-being. Sexual- ity and reproduction are vital aspects of personal identity and key to creating fulfilling personal and social relationships within diverse cultural contexts.

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  • Children’s health behaviors and risk-taking (sexual activity, poor nutrition, physical inactivity, substance use, violence, etc.) are determined by a variety of factors. Governments, foundations, communities, schools, and adults all play important roles in supporting healthy behaviors among children. Implementing evidence-based programs and policies increases the impact of financial and resource investments and can improve child health outcomes. Since 2002, there have been some improvements worth noting.

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