Xem 1-20 trên 236 kết quả Heating systems
  • UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA (UFC) HEATING SYSTEMS OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE Any copyrighted material included in this UFC is identified at its point of use. Use of the copyrighted material apart from this UFC must have the permission of the copyright holder. U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS NAVAL FACILITIES ENGINEERING COMMAND (Preparing Activity) AIR FORCE CIVIL ENGINEER SUPPORT AGENCY

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  • During the past 20 years, design and operation of the comfort systems for buildings have been transformed because of energy conservation imperatives, the use of computer-based design aids, and major advances in intelligent management systems for buildings. In the 1970s, rules of thumb were widely used by designers. Today, a strong analytical basis for the design synthesis process is standard procedure. This handbook describes the latest methods for design and operation of new and existing buildings.

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  • Heating is the first word in the acronym HVAC. It is the most important part because without heating mankind would have difficulty in surviving. Proper design of the heating system is even more critical than that of ventilation or cooling. Human history began to develop with the discovery and control of fire which increased people’s ability to survive in a harsh environment.overy and control of fire

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  • Welcome to the discipline of building services engineering. You will find that it extends beyond the confines of this text, which concentrates on some of the ‘wet services’ within the building envelope. Part of Chapter 1, however, looks at the building and the way it behaves when it is intermittently heated, as it is important for you to select the plant and design the system that will best suit the building and its use. It is assumed that you have some knowledge of building services.

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  • Part one cold water and supply systems, part two hot water supply systems, part three heating systems, part four fuel characteristics and storage, part five ventilation systems, part six air conditioning,... As the main contents of the ebook "Building Services". Invite you to consult.

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  • Solar energy, light and heat radiation from the Sun, has been exploited by humans since ancient times using a variety of technology development than ever before. Solar radiation along with secondary resources of energy like wind and solar energy, water power and biomass, make the most of renewable energy available on earth. Only a tiny fraction of the available solar energy is used.

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  • A heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) system is designed to satisfy the environmental requirements of comfort or a process, in a specific building or portion of a building and in a particular geographic locale. Designers must understand a great deal beyond basic HVAC system design and the outdoor climate. They must also understand the process or the comfort requirements.

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  • The inspiration for Building Systems for Interior Designers came when I tried to teach interior design students about all the ways buildings support our activities and physical needs—without an adequate textbook. I needed an approach that supported the special concerns of the interior designer, while connecting those issues to the work of the rest of the building design team.

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  • All solutions to engineering problems start with a calculation or estimation of the duty which must be met (i.e., quantifying the problem). The purpose of heating and cooling load calculations, then, is to quantify the heating and/or cooling loads in the space(s) to be conditioned. Rough estimates of load may be made during the concept design phase.

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  • All air-handling units (AHUs) and many terminal units, if they are not self-contained, require a source of heating and/or cooling energy. This source is called a central plant, and the means by which thermal energy is transferred between the central plant and the AHU is usually a fluid conveyed through a piping system. The fluids used in HVAC practice are steam, hot or cold water, brine, refrigerant, or a combination of these. The equipment used to generate the thermal energy is described in Chap. 7. In this chapter we discuss the transport systems. ...

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  • In most HVAC systems, the final energy transport medium is moist air—a mixture of dry air and water vapor. This is conveyed through filters, heat exchange equipment, ducts, and various terminal devices to the space to be air-conditioned. The power to move the air is supplied by fans. This chapter discusses fans and duct systems, together with related subjects such as grilles, registers, diffusers, dampers, filters, and noise control.

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  • By definition, air conditioning involves control of the air temperature, humidity, cleanliness, and distribution. It follows that an air-handling unit (AHU) of some kind is an essential part of an air conditioning system, though not necessarily of a heating-only system. The function of the AHU is to provide air at a quantity, temperature, and humidity to offset the sensible and latent heat gains to the space (in the cooling mode) and the heat losses (in the heating mode), while maintaining the required temperature and humidity in the space....

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  • The design and construction of central plants for heating and cooling is one of the most challenging and interesting aspects of the HVAC design profession. Central plants range in size from small to very large, from residential to industrial utility scale. There are many areas of individual expertise and many levels of competence among designers.

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  • Engineering technology or mechanical engineering industry is the application of physical principles to create all kinds of machinery and equipment or other useful objects. Mechanical application of thermodynamic principles, the law of conservation of mass and energy to analyze static and dynamic physical systems, for design work in areas such as automotive, aircraft and the other vehicles, heating systems and cooling, household appliances, machinery and production equipment, weapons ...

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  • This chapter presents a basic overview of heat transfer fundamentals, particularly as they apply to HVAC. For a detailed, rigorous treatment, the reader should refer to a good college-level text on heat transfer or to the ASHRAE Handbook.

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  • The first edition of the Steel Heat Treatment Handbook was initially released in 1997. The objective of that book was to provide the reader with well-referenced information on the subjects covered with sufficient depth and breadth to serve as either an advanced undergraduate or graduate level text on heat treatment or as a continuing handbook reference for the designer or practicing engineer.

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  • A response is to amplify the change in the variable. This has a destabilizing effect, so does not result in homeostasis. Positive feedback is less common in naturally occurring systems than negative feedback, but it has its applications. For example, in nerves, a threshold electric potential triggers the generation of a much larger action potential. Blood clotting and events in childbirth are other types of positive feedback.

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  • Psychrometrics deals with the thermodynamic properties of moist air, which is the final heat transport medium in most air conditioning processes. The use of psychrometric tables and charts allows the designer to make a rational and graphic analysis of the desired air conditioning processes.

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  • Cooling means the removal of heat. In HVAC, a cooling process is usually identified as one which lowers the temperature or humidity (or both) of the ambient air. The effective temperature includes not only the temperature and humidity of the ambient air but also radiant effects and air movement. Some adiabatic cooling processes, i.e., evaporative cooling, do not actually remove any heat, but create a sensation of cooling by lowering the sensible temperature of the air.

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  • The term ‘microwaves’ is used for those wavelengths measured in centimetres roughly from 1 m. to 0.1 cm or the bands of frequencies between 300 MHz to 300 GHz. Microwaves are most popularly used in point to point communication, TV broadcasting via satellites and in RADAR systems. Besides these, they are also being used in industrial, biomedical, chemical and in scientific research applications.

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