For thousands of years, since long before there
were doctors or hospitals, midwives have been
helping women stay healthy, helping babies into
the world, and helping families grow. Ask a
woman why she prefers the care of a midwife
and she will tell you that midwives are
knowledgeable, patient, and respectful of
It was called the "Breakfast for Champions," the annual
fundraiser to benefit the Commonwealth Institute, a non-profit
organization that helps women develop entrepreneurial skills and
expertise. On this particular June morning in 2001, more than
1,000 women gathered in the grand ballroom of Boston's Fairmont
Copley Hotel to network and to honor women entrepreneurs.
Virtually the entire "who's who" of the women's business
community was there, as well as investors, lawyers, and others
who work with and support women-led businesses.
This edited collection had its beginnings in conversations with Jan Monk
and Janet Momsen who encouraged us to contribute to their series on the
geographical aspects of women’s lives. Their support and helpful comments
were invaluable during the long process of producing the volume.
A week after our daughter Lauren was born, my wife Bonnie and I were completely exhausted. Each night Lauren kept waking us. Bonnie had been torn in the delivery and was taking painkillers. she could barely walk. After five days of staying home to help, I went back to work. She seemed to be getting better.
The country case studies make clear that international partners share
some of the blame, particularly because they too often fail to coordinate
programs to help promote more integrated, comprehensive health care
for women. However, it is equally clear that many of the obstacles are
wholly local in nature: National governments and policymakers are
often unable or unwilling to initiate or sustain health care programs and
reforms that would improve women’s access to services and, by extension,
reduce rates of vertical transmission.
As Christine Ammer notes, the underlying
assumption of The Encyclopedia of Women’s
Health, her classic and concise reference for women’s
health, is that “every woman wants to take
responsibility for her own health.” By helping us
understand how our bodies work, the marvel of our
bodies’ normal functions and the profound consequences
of its malfunctions, and the care and treatments
available to us, she helps us to take charge
of our own health.
Health care workers have the opportunity and the obligation to identify, treat, and
educate women who are being abused. Health care institutions can make significant
contributions to addressing violence against women by supporting clinicians and clients.
Developing and institutionalizing national health-sector policies, protocols, and norms
about violence call attention to the problem of gender-based violence, and help ensure
quality care for survivors of abuse.
This Outlook issue focuses on the reproductive health consequences of violence
Most books about drugs fall into one of two categories—
they either focus on basic pharmacology, rich with information
about pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics,
or they address pharmacotherapeutics with an emphasis on
conditions and indicated treatments. Th e former provides
in-depth information that, unfortunately, is often detached
from actual practice, making it diffi cult for a reader to
retain and later use.
Including urinary issues in the gynecologic evaluation is helpful. Urinary
tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common reasons to seek medical
care and are sometimes triggered by sexual activity. Urinary incontinence is
an increasingly recognized health problem (see Chapter 10).
Finally, because domestic violence is common (2), screening for current or
previous physical, emotional, or sexual abuse is an important part of the pa-
tient’s history and in some states is mandatory.
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From ancient times until the modern technological age, healthcare was mostly for, about and by women. The
wonder of the reproductive cycle, the miracle of birth and the powerless mystery of death were the domains of
women who watched over them. Before the dawn of patriarchy, women were the natural healers and guardians
of the mysteries and stories of the people. Women looked to the earth from where life began and where the
food for sustaining life was grown for help in healing the ill.
Demographic and epidemiological transitions and changes in lifestyle are leading to the
emergence of cancer and other chronic diseases as public health problems in India. Cancer
pattern in India reveals the predominance of tobacco related cancers, which are amenable
to primary prevention. Cancer Registries in different parts of the country reveal that majority
of cancer cases present in an advanced stage and makes treatment options prolonged and
These guidelines have been developed to help ensure that, in all research sponsored by the
Aboriginal Women’s Health Research Program, appropriate respect is given to the cultures,
languages, knowledge and values of Aboriginal peoples’ legitimate knowledge.
These guidelines represent the standard of best practice adopted by the Saskatoon Aboriginal
Women’s Health Research Advisory Committee.
The health effects of violence against women are
serious, far-reaching, and intertwined. Health care
providers have the opportunity and the obligation to
identify cases of abuse. For many women in developing
countries, a visit to a health clinic for reproductive or child
health services may be their only contact with the health
care system. The health care sector can capitalize on this
opportunity by ensuring a supportive and safe environment
for clients, helping providers ask about abuse, and helping
women receive the care they need.
Sub-Saharan Africa has the worst indicators of women’s health—particularly of reproductive
health—of any world region. These indicators include the highest number of HIV-positive
women and the highest infant, maternal, and HIV-related death rates worldwide. The ability
of a woman to make her own decisions regarding her body and her reproductive life are key to
improving these indicators.
When we think of women in developing countries, our minds
immediately flash to what they need, what we can give to
them, how we can help them. But what if we flipped this notion
upside down? What if those of us who are well educated and well
fed considered what we could learn from them—how they could
Those who find the greatest success in business and the most
satisfaction in life are often eternal students. This is especially true
of women. We’re always studying what others are doing and how
they’re doing it....
This hesitancy on
the part of patients to seek the information needed may have resulted from feeling helpless due to
hospitalization. How can seniors feel more proactive about their health care and less like victims?
The Internet may not be able to help the elderly when they are already hospitalized, but it could be a
useful resource to help them before they enter the hospital.
FinCEN operates a Regulatory Helpline that provides assistance for financial
institutions seeking clarification of their obligations under the Bank Secrecy Act
(BSA) and certain requirements under the Uniting and Strengthening America by
Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA
This article analyzes the 1,461 inquiries regarding suspicious
activity reporting (SAR) requirements that the Regulatory Helpline received from
July 1, 2009, through June 30, 2010.
The U.S. is committed to aligning GHI investments with partner country plans and strategies, primarily through tech-
nical assistance, project-level support, and capacity-building of governments and other local institutions. GHI’s capac-
ity-building investments include support for policy development, implementation, management, research, monitoring,
and evaluation. In countries where the private sector is a vital partner in providing health care, the U.S.
This session is an occasion to discuss good practices in MDG achievement with regard to gender equality that can help
improve the way in which development cooperation promotes gender equality in a more systematic way while also
improving its own effectiveness and coherence in line with national and international agreements.
Achievement of such commitments is a key driver of effective development cooperation on all fronts.