Heterogeneity across

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  • The study assessed the impacts of international trade and protection on wage premiums across Thai manufacturing industries by recognising that workers are heterogeneous in their skills.The author derived a theoretical model from Ohnsorge and Trefler (2007) that is the equilibrium model with heterogeneous skill bundles and estimated the model using micro data from Thailand.

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  • Writing is a skill, and like other skills, it has to be acquired. Writing is important to convey ideas, give instructions, share and preserve knowledge and so on. Although writing is very important, in most cases, it is never considered as an important skill. Writing is not just about using correct spelling, organizing words and ideas and following grammar, it is much more than that.Widdowson (1978) describes writing as the use of the visual medium to manifest the graphological and grammatical system of the language. Flower (1985) in an interesting comment on the skills of reading...

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  • The new edition of Principles of Electrochemistry has been considerably extended by a number of new sections, particularly dealing with 'electrochemical material science' (ion and electron conducting polymers, chemically modified electrodes), photoelectrochemistry, stochastic processes, new aspects of ion transfer across biological membranes, biosensors, etc. In view of this extension of the book we asked Dr Ladislav Kavan (the author of the section on non-electrochemical methods in the first edition) to contribute as a co-author discussing many of these topics.

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  • Many studies have related overall satisfaction with some product or service to satisfaction with specific aspects of the product or service (Oliver 1980, 1993; Parsuraman, Berry, and Zeithaml 1988, 1991; Anderson and Sullivan 1993; Garbarino and Johnson 1999; DeWulf, Odekerken-Schröder, and Iacobucci 2001). Customers may explain their satisfaction with a product or service in terms of specific aspects such as the product attributes, price, customer service, or a combination of these various features.

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  • According to the scheme for forests, the services are divided into five main categories: resources; ecological; biospheric; social; and amenities2. The resources category refers to all goods that may be obtained from forests (wood and non-wood); the ecological services are those related to protection of water, soil and health; the biospheric services are mainly climate regulation and biodiversity protection; while social and amenity services comprise of different types of recreational activities and the cultural importance of forests.

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  • While the prevalence of malnutrition in the free-living elderly population is relatively low, the risk of malnutrition increases dramatically in the institutionalized and hospitalized elderly. 1 The prevalence of malnutrition is even higher in cognitively impaired elderly individuals and is associated with cognitive decline. 2 Patients who are malnourished when admitted to the hospital tend to have longer hospital stays, experience more complications, and have greater risks of morbidity and mortality than those whose nutritional state is normal.

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  • A fully integrated and interconnected European Single Market covering telecoms, energy and transport is a prerequisite for competitiveness, jobs and growth. Achieving this requires affordable, accessible, efficient and secure network infrastructure. Accelerating the roll out of the digital economy will bring benefits across all sectors, through enhanced productivity, efficiency and innovation.

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  • The Single Market needs to continue to adapt to reach the potential for businesses and consumers in a borderless Europe. Technological change offers huge possibilities, but it needs to be accompanied by new approaches in areas like procurement, standards, and intellectual property. The EU needs a long-term framework for energy and climate policies so that investment and policy target competitiveness and tackle climate change.

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  • The quantitative part will start with analysing the shape of the growth pattern of the quantity of cinema consumed and expenditure on cinema. The time of the take-off will be estimated quantitatively (and its timing compared with the qualitative findings above). Also growth rates and quantities time series will be compared across countries. A second quantitative section will analyse family expenditure on entertainment between 1890 and 1940.

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  • Concerns over the 1997/98 Asian financial crisis and its contagion effects further spurred Indian authorities to strengthen the domestic financial system. Reforms were, and continue to be, based on several principles: (i) mitigate risks in the financial system; (ii) efficiently allocate resources to the real sector; (iii) make the financial system competitive globally; and (iv) open the external sector.

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  • In this paper, we estimate the interest rate pass-through from money market to bank interest rates using various heterogeneous panel cointegration techniques to address bank heterogeneity. Based on our micro-level data from the Czech Republic, the results indicate that the nature of interest rate pass-through differs across banks in the short term (rendering estimators that constrain coefficients across groups to be identical inconsistent) and becomes homogeneous across banks only in the long term, supporting the notion of the law of one price.

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  • Mining wastes can cause significant ecological destruction. Often, solid mine wastes are dumped into streams, destroying habitat and causing siltation and heavy metal and other contamination. Even when such wastes are stored out of water channels, trace materials can leach into surface waters and infiltrate into local groundwater. Fine- grained tailings can wash into local waterways and degrade streams by covering and filling coarser-grained substrates.

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  • Who has budget authority? The ability to add or remove resources to a project can be independent from other kinds of authority. For example, in the contract team situation, the team might have the power to define the requirements and design, but they might need to return to the client each time they want more money or time. How often will requirements and designs be reviewed, and how will adjustments be decided? The answer depends heavily on previous questions.

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  • When you first commence your direct debit payments, or when you change your account details, it may take up to 14 days for us to first debit your account. Where your debit day falls on a weekend or a nationally declared public holiday, we will debit your account on the next business day. If you believe that we may have incorrectly debited your account, please call us on 13 13 26. If we decide to make a write-off payment or replace your car under this policy, we will require you to first pay us the total unpaid balance of your premium...

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  • The concept of an SQL user-defined function (UDF) is important for understanding SAS In-Database processing because it is the very mechanism that enables work from SAS programs to be executed inside the DBMS. A UDF is simply a packaged routine that can be invoked from SQL statements. Most DBMSs provide a framework for packaging code into executable modules, storing them inside the database, and making them available to clients of the DBMS. In short, UDFs make it possible to extend the SQL semantics implemented by the DBMS.

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  • MBA salary information to assess the quality of an MBA program and therefore cannot control for differences individual fixed effects. An important contribution of our paper, therefore, is applying individual-level data on student characteristics and pre- and post-MBA wages to estimate the returns to an MBA, which allows for a more careful treatment of selection first into attending business school and second into programs of varying types and qualities.

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  • Due to this very detrimental environmental hazard experienced during this period by Zanzibar islands, with very sensitive and fragile ecosystem the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare in collaboration with WHO decided to develop these official and very comprehensive guidelines based on the National Drug Policy, WHO guidelines and the Zanzibar Food, Drugs and Cosmetics Act No 2/2006. Therefore these guidelines give appropriate measures of safe disposal to minimize the risks that could happen due to pharmaceutical waste. ...

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về lâm nghiệp được đăng trên tạp chí lâm nghiệp Original article đề tài: Across-site heterogeneity of genetic and environmental variances in the genetic evaluation of Eucalyptus globulus trials for height growth...

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về lâm nghiệp được đăng trên tạp chí lâm nghiệp Original article đề tài: "Across-site heterogeneity of genetic and environmental variances in the genetic evaluation of Eucalyptus globulus trials for height growth"

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  • While many studies have focused on estimating a relationship between pollution and health, they have largely neglected to consider that pollution exposure is endogenously determined if individuals make choices to maximize their well-being. People with high preferences for clean air may choose to live in areas with better air quality. People can respond to a wide range of readily available information on pollution levels by adjusting their exposure. Failing to appropriately account for such actions can yield misleading estimates of the causal effect of pollution on health. ...

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