[ Team LiB ] Recipe 2.1 Retrieving Hierarchical Data into a DataSet Problem You want to fill a DataSet with parent and related child data, even if the DataSet already has a schema that includes the relationship. Solution There are several techniques you can use to load parent and child data into a DataSet.
Scoring sentences in documents given abstract summaries created by humans is important in extractive multi-document summarization. In this paper, we formulate extractive summarization as a two step learning problem building a generative model for pattern discovery and a regression model for inference. We calculate scores for sentences in document clusters based on their latent characteristics using a hierarchical topic model.
We present a hierarchical phrase-based statistical machine translation in which a target sentence is eﬃciently generated in left-to-right order. The model is a class of synchronous-CFG with a Greibach Normal Form-like structure for the projected production rule: The paired target-side of a production rule takes a phrase preﬁxed form. The decoder for the targetnormalized form is based on an Earlystyle top down parser on the source side.
Encryption is a widely used technique which involves
making information indecipherable to protect it from
unauthorised viewing or use, especially during
transmission or when it is held on removable magnetic
media. Encryption is usually based on a key(s)
without which the information cannot be decoded
(decrypted). The most widely used encryption system
is DES (Data Encryption Standard) although
increasingly this is being replaced commercially by
the more secure public key system RSA.
Legal definitions of IPV reference state or federal laws and generally refer specifically to
threats or acts of physical or sexual violence including forced rape, stalking, harassment,
certain types of psychological abuse and other crimes where civil or criminal justice
remedies apply. Laws vary from state to state. Since non-physical forms of IPV can have
many medical, psychological, behavioral and developmental effects, the definition used in
these Guidelines is better suited for the identification and treatment of IPV in the health
Reference for teachers, students explore research and review documents to study Japanese. Documents provide you useful knowledge to help you consolidate knowledge and practice communication skills and to learn Japanese better.Japanese, or Japanese (Japanese: 日本语 Nihongo (help · info), Japanese Language) is a language spoken by over 130 million users in Japan and the Japanese community of migrantsaround the world.
This Handbook has been designed to assist students as well as professionals in the
behavioral and biological sciences to understand and apply the principles and methods
of experimental research. The Handbook is comprehensive but is written in a concise,
outline format. This allows a considerable amount of material to be presented in an explicit,
compact form that facilitates the perception and understanding of the hierarchical and
parallel relationships among concepts. As a result, learning, retrieving, and applying the
information should be greatly enhanced....
Phenotypic heterogeneity occurs when more than one phenotype is caused by allelic mutations (e.g., different mutations in the same gene) (Table 62-4). For example, laminopathies are monogenic multisystem disorders that result from mutations in the LMNA gene, which encodes the nuclear lamins A and C. Twelve autosomal dominant and four autosomal recessive disorders are caused by mutations in the LMNA gene.
Normalization of tumor blood vessels due to inhibition of VEGF signaling.
A. Blood vessels in normal tissues exhibit a regular hierarchical branching pattern that delivers blood to tissues in a spatially and temporally efficient manner to meet the metabolic needs of the tissue (top). At the microscopic level, tight junctions are maintained between endothelial cells (EC), which are adherent to a thick and evenly distributed basement membrane (BM). Pericytes form a surrounding layer that provides trophic signals to the EC and helps maintain proper vessel tone.
EURASIP Journal on Applied Signal Processing 2003:12, 1210–1218 c 2003 Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Nonstationary Interference Excision in Time-Frequency Domain Using Adaptive Hierarchical Lapped Orthogonal Transform for Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum Communications
Department of Electronics Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200030, China College of Information Engineering, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian, Liaoning 116026, China Email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Data granularity: The data within a P2P system can be accessible at many degrees of granularity. At the atomic
granularity level, data consists of a collection of indivisible objects, e.g., complete MP3 ﬁles. For data placement at
this level, we have to either place an entire object at a peer, or not at all; this is the semantics currently supported by
today’s P2P systems. At the hierarchical granularity level, sets of objects can be grouped into larger objects, thus
A standard form of analysis for linguistic typology is the universal implication. These implications state facts about the range of extant languages, such as “if objects come after verbs, then adjectives come after nouns.” Such implications are typically discovered by painstaking hand analysis over a small sample of languages. We propose a computational model for assisting at this process. Our model is able to discover both well-known implications as well as some novel implications that deserve further study.
We propose a backoff model for phrasebased machine translation that translates unseen word forms in foreign-language text by hierarchical morphological abstractions at the word and the phrase level. The model is evaluated on the Europarl corpus for German-English and FinnishEnglish translation and shows improvements over state-of-the-art phrase-based models.
Whether automatically extracted or human generated, open-domain factual knowledge is often available in the form of semantic annotations (e.g., composed-by) that take one or more speciﬁc instances (e.g., rhapsody in blue, george gershwin) as their arguments. This paper introduces a method for converting ﬂat sets of instance-level annotations into hierarchically organized, concept-level annotations, which capture not only the broad semantics of the desired arguments (e.g., ‘People’ rather than ‘Locations’), but also the correct level of generality (e.g.
We propose a novel method for inducing monolingual semantic hierarchies and sense clusters from numerous foreign-language-to-English bilingual dictionaries. The method exploits patterns of non-transitivity in translations across multiple languages. No complex or hierarchical structure is assumed or used in the input dictionaries: each is initially parsed into the “lowest common denominator” form, which is to say, a list of pairs of the form (foreign word, English word).