Xem 1-20 trên 47 kết quả Historical buildings
  • Basically, all conservation consists of actions taken to prevent decay, and within this objective it also includes management of change and presentation of the object so that the objects’ messages are made comprehensible without distortion. Architectural conservation is more complex; first because a building must continue to stand up; secondly, economic factors usually dictate that it should remain in use; thirdly, it has to resist and use the effects of climate; and, lastly, a whole team of ‘professionals’ have to collaborate.

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  • AbstractHumidity is one of the main causes of decay in buildings, particularly rising damp, caused by the migration of moisture from the ground through the materials of the walls and floors via capillary action. This water comes from groundwater and surface water. The height that moisture will reach through cap illary action depends upon factors such as the quantity of water in contact with the particular part of the building, surface evaporation conditions, wall thickness, building orientation and the presence of salts.

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  • Should a city try to preserve its old, historic buildings or destroy them and replace them with modern buildings? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

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  • Humidity is one of the main causes of decay in buildings, particularly rising damp, caused by the migration of moisture from the ground through the materials of the walls and floors via capillary action. This water comes from groundwater and surface water. The height that moisture will reach through capillary action depends upon factors such as the quantity of water in contact with the particular part of the building, surface evaporation conditions, wall thickness, building orientation and the presence of salts....

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  • English Heritage is the Government’s adviser on the historic environment.Central to our role is the advice we give to local planning authorities and governmentdepartments on development proposals affecting historic buildings,sites and areas,archaeology on land and underwater,designed landscapes and the historic aspects of the landscape as a whole.We also manage an estate of over 400 historic propertiesopen to the public.This guidance is intended for developers of wind energy projectswhich may affect any of these aspects of the historic environment.

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  • Enter the world of the stylish Japanese house, where every object in sight is a work of art. Japan Style introduces 20 special residences. With more than 200 color photographs, this book showcases the stunning beauty of old homes, and reveals how they are cared for by their owners. Traditional Japanese homes, with superbly crafted fine wood, great workmanship and seasonal interior arrangements, have an aesthetic of infinite simplicity. Unlike Japanese inns and historical buildings, the houses featured in this book are private property and are not open to public viewing.

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  • When will the oil run out? Various estimates put this anywhere from 20 years from now to more than a century in the future. The shortfall in energy might eventually be made up by developments in nuclear fusion, fuel cells, and solar technologies, but what can substitute for gasoline and diesel in all the internal combustion enginepowered vehicles that will continue to be built worldwide until then? And what will stand in for petrochemicals as sources of building blocks for the extensive range of “synthetics” that became indispensable during the twentieth century?...

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  • Computer technology has made incredible progress in the roughly 55 years since the first general-purpose electronic computer was created. Today, less than a thousand dollars will purchase a personal computer that has more performance, more main memory, and more disk storage than a computer bought in 1980 for $1 million. This rapid rate of improvement has come both from advances in the technology used to build computers and from innovation in computer design.

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  • Roman theatres were complex buildings, closer in design to modern theatres than Greek ones. The seating was arranged in a semicircle around the orchestra as in the Greek theatre, but the stage and scene building were joined to the auditorium and rose to the same height, creating a sense of enclosure more like that of a modern theatre. This sense of enclosure was made more emphatic by the fact that some smaller theatres or odea were roofed and larger ones often had awnings (vela) overhead to shade the audience.

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  • Osaka and Kyoto are not far apart and together they constitute a great opportunity of seeing one of Japan's largest and most modern cities, Osaka, and Japan's stronghold of history and culture, Kyoto. Osaka is Japan's second largest urbanised area after Tokyo-Yokohama and the metropolis offers everything you can possibly want from a modern big city. Next to the skyscrapers lie beautiful historic buildings as witnesses of the city's rich past, e.g. the Osaka Castle, an example of true Japanese architecture....

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  • The conservation of artefacts and buildings has a long history, but the positive emergence of conservation as a profession can be said to date from the foundation of the International Institute for the Conservation of Museum Objects (IIC) in 1950 (the last two words of the title being later changed to Historic and Artistic Works) and the appearance soon after in 1952 of its journal Studies in Conservation.

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  • The conservation of glass, as of all artefacts, falls into two main categories: passive conservation, the control of the surrounding environment to prevent further deterioration; and active conservation, the treatment of artefacts to stabilize them.

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  • Most of us spend a good part of our days either reading or writing, so it is surprising that the psychological study of these processes is a relative late comer. The investigation of learning processes began with memorizing lists of nonsense syllables and running rats down mazes, not with what we do everyday—reading all kinds of things. The study of thinking started with puzzles of various kinds, not with the kind of inferences that are made in reading. The reason is, of course, obvious: Investigators were put off by the daunting complexity of studying discourse comprehension.

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  • Photogrammetry from aerial platforms has been recognized since the 20th century as an important technique to map aerial grades, cities and regions. The modalities known as terrestrial and short distance have also been used, although in lesser proportion, in architecture, to survey historical buildings and monuments.

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  • In recent years, thanks to various global meetings such as the World Toilet Summits and Asia Pacific Toilet Symposiums, the issue of Public Toilets has evolved from being an embarrassing subject to one that is gaining widespread awareness and generating lively discussions. Toilet is culture; we visit the toilet several times a day. To enjoy our lives, we need to develop good toilet culture.

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  • A strength is an asset or a resource that can be used to improve a community’s competitive position, such as a natural attraction, historic buildings, or a strong retail base. A weakness is just the opposite, a resource or capability that may cause your community to have a less competitive position, which can adversely affect tourism. For instance, empty commercial space or unattractive vacant buildings are categorized as weaknesses.

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  • We also believe that high quality design should play akey role in minimising any adverse effects of projects,whether this is directed at the disposition of windturbines and energy crops in the landscape or thepositioning of photo-voltaic cells on historic buildings.Fundamental to achieving high quality design will be asound understanding of the character and importanceof the historic asset involved,whether at the scale ofindividual buildings and sites or more extensive historicareas and landscapes.

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  • Navigant  reconstructed  the  historical  costs  of  the  WTC  program  using  the  chronology  of  periodic  Port  Authority  presentations  by  prior  Executive  Directors  and  management  to  the  Board  of Commissioners,  project  cost  reports  current  as  of October  2011,  related  documents,  and  the  findings  of  interviews  to  provide  the  Special  Committee  with  the  analysis  of  past  spending  at  the WTC  site.

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  • In recent years the Observatory has implemented a rolling programme of improvements to the main Grade A Listed building, historic telescopes and telescope domes, supported by funding from the DCAL and other bodies (e.g. the Heritage Lottery Fund) totalling c.$700k since 2001. An important Capital project is construction of a new Library, Archives and Historic Scienti c Instruments building.

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  • The research of the process of building friendship and cooperation with Bolykhamxay, Khammuon provinces of Ha Tinh Provincial Party between 1991 and 2010, contributes to conclude a practical key guideline in policy foreign party on a certain locality, thereby contributies historical basis for the implementation of task leaders strengthen relationships special friendship, comprehensive cooperation with the provinces to reach you in time more effective.

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