Historical earthquakes

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  • In the last three decades, the historical earthquake investigation became an outstand- ing source of information in seismology. The rigorous interpretation of known or newly discovered historical documents from public and private archives, including military and religious documents, press reports, correspondences, publications, etc., brings new light on the effect of past earthquakes and contributes to the assessment of their characteristics. Historical documents are nowadays examined in the frame of modern methodologies and new approaches applied in the study of individual earthquakes.

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  • The mitigation of earthquake-related hazards represents a key role in the modern society. The main goal of this book is to present 9 scientific papers focusing on new research and results on earthquake seismology. Chapters of this book focus on several aspect of seismology ranging from historical earthquake analysis, seismotectonics, and damage estimation of critical facilities.

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  • The purpose of this book is to present 9 scientific papers focusing on new research and re‐ sults on earthquake seismology. Chapters of this book focus on several aspect of seismology ranging from historical earthquake analysis, seismotectonics, and damage estimation of crit‐ ical facilities.

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  • Recent major earthquakes around the world have shown the vulnerability of infrastructure and the need for research to better understand the nature of seismic events and their effects on structures. As a result, earthquake engineering research has been expanding as more and more data become available from a large array of seismic instruments, large scale experiments and numerical simulations.

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  • The study of natural catastrophe models plays an important role in the prevention and mitigation of disasters. After the occurrence of a nat- ural disaster, the reconstruction can be financed with catastrophe bonds (CAT bonds) or reinsurance. This paper examines the calibration of a real parametric CAT bond for earthquakes that was sponsored by the Mexican government. The calibration of the CAT bond is based on the estimation of the intensity rate that describes the earthquake process from the two sides of the contract, the reinsurance and the capital markets, and from the historical data.

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  • Historically, the Cocos plate boundary produced the 1985 Michoacan earthquake of magnitude 8.1 Mw Richter scale. It destroyed hundreds of buildings and caused thousand of deaths in Mexico City and other parts of the country. It is considered the most damaging earthquake in the history of Mexico City. The Mexican insurance industry officials estimated payouts of four billion dollars. In the last decades, other earthquakes have reached the magnitude 7.8 Mw Richter scale.

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